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Parliamentary questions
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22 April 2016
Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-013871/2015

Israel has been associated to the EU Framework Programmes since 1996 and contributes to their budgets financially. Its participation in R&D has been recognised as having added value for both the EU and Israel.

Actions under Horizon 2020(1) must comply with Article 19(2) of Regulation (EU) 1291/2013(2), which requires that all activities carried out under Horizon 2020 must have an exclusive focus on civil applications. However, there is no legal basis to exclude entities/project partners if they carry out military activities outside Horizon 2020 actions.

Several mechanisms have been put in place to prevent EU funds from being used for activities that could be contrary to international law, including the ethical evaluation of project proposals and an assessment of the possible dual-use of the proposed research and compliance with applicable EU, national and international legislation, including the European Charter of Fundamental Rights(3).

The EU is not considering the suspension of the Association Agreement with Israel, which would require the unanimous decision of Member States. For decades, the EU has been deeply engaged with all parties to help find a lasting, just and final settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

(1)The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020).
(2)OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.

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