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Parliamentary questions
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10 March 2016
Answer given by Ms Thyssen on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-015171/2015

The shift from institutional to community-based care is part of the European Structural and Investment Fund (ESI Funds) legislative package for 2014-2020.(1) All Member States which have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities have to follow its provisions and the ESI Funds can contribute to fulfilling its obligations. Any measure which may contribute to the further institutionalisation of disabled or elderly, including the building or renovation of long-stay residential institutions, should not be supported by the ESI Funds. On the contrary only those actions should be supported which help to establish the conditions of independent living, in line with Article 19 of the UNCPRD.

As concerns monitoring, the Fundamental Rights Agency implements a project on measuring the right to independent living. It aims at developing human rights indicators on Article 19 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and mapping different types of institutions and community-based services available for persons with disabilities in the 28 EU Member States.(2) In addition, the Commission supports the EU level non-governmental organisation ENIL that promotes independent living.

The Commission is the focal point for implementation of the UNCRPD concerning EU competences. Member States are responsible for its implementation concerning their national competences. However, the Commission provides for example for exchange of information and good practices within the High Level Group on Disability, including on independent living. Monitoring is also done via the European Semester.(3)

(3)In 2015 the issue was mentioned in the Country Reports for Romania and Slovenia. http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm

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