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Parliamentary questions
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4 February 2016
E-015222/2015(ASW)
Joint answer given by Vice-President Mogherini on behalf of the Commission
Written questions: E-015222/15 , E-015472/15
Question references: E-015222/2015, E-015472/2015

Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory ‘de facto’ administered by the Kingdom of Morocco. The fundamental principles applicable to non-self-governing territories are laid down in Article 73 of the Charter of the United Nations.

The case of the occupied Palestinian territories is different. A number of UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolutions have addressed their occupation by Israel (see UNSC resolutions 242 (1967), 252(1968), 267 (1969), 338 (1973), 471 (1980), 478 (1980), 1850 (2008) and the UNGA resolutions 66/18 of 30 November 2011, 67/19 of 4 December 2012 and 69/24 of 10 November 2014). The UNSC has not taken similar steps as regards Western Sahara, and has prolonged the Minurso mandate (April 2015, Resolution n° 2218(2015)).

The Association Agreement is the general framework of our relations with Morocco; indeed the EU follows closely the Human rights situation in Morocco and Western Sahara. Human rights issues are regularly discussed with the Moroccan authorities, in the context of our political dialogue, including in the framework of the human rights, democracy and governance Sub-committee. The EU Delegation is also in regular contact with the National Council for Human Rights (CNDH) and its regional offices, including in Western Sahara.

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