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Parliamentary questions
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15 September 2016
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-004686/2016

The Commission attaches great importance to the respect of the fundamental rights of persons, including those that are in detention in the EU. Detention conditions are primarily the responsibility of Member States who are bound by the existing Council of Europe standards on the matter, such as the 2006 European Prison Rules.

Data processing activities in the penitentiary environment in Spain need to comply with the Spanish data protection legislation. Such activities by police and criminal justice authorities for law enforcement purposes fall within the scope of Directive (EU) 2016/680(1) which Member States have time to transpose by 6 May 2018.

The EU Framework Decision on the Transfer of Prisoners(2) does not contain a provision on non-execution on the basis of a breach of the requested person's fundamental rights in the executing Member State. However, Article 3(4) and Recital 13 clarify that fundamental rights and fundamental legal principles should be respected in the context of the transfer of prisoners.

The recent judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in joined cases Aranyosi and Caldararu(3), which concerned the European Arrest Warrant, also has a bearing on the respect of fundamental rights and the operation of EU mutual recognition instruments, such as, in this case, the framework Decision on the Transfer of Prisoners.

(1)Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA, OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 89‐131.
(2)Council Framework Decision 2008/909/JHA of 27 November 2008 on the application of the principle of mutual recognition for judgments imposing custodial sentences or measures involving deprivation of liberty, OJ L 327, 5.12.2008, p. 27.
(3)CJEU joined cases C-404/15 and C-659/15 of 5 April 2016.

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