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Parliamentary questions
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7 March 2017
E-008996/2016(ASW)
Answer given by Mr Hahn on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-008996/2016

Since the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993, the EU has provided approximately EUR 6 billion in bilateral cooperation assistance to Palestine. This involves different beneficiaries including the Palestinian Authority and various United Nations agencies, among them in particular the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).

A recent example of an EU project directly benefiting the livelihood of Palestinians is the EU contribution to the desalination plant in Khan Younis, the largest built so far in Gaza. The EU invested EUR 10 million in the first phase which produces 6,000 m3 of drinking water daily, providing over 75,000 Palestinians with safe drinking water ‐approximately 35,000 people in Khan Younis and 40,000 people in Rafah, in the southern part of the Gaza Strip.

The EU Peacebuilding Initiative is an EU financial instrument dedicated to generating Israeli-Palestinian cooperation projects. It aims at supporting and promoting the conditions for a sustainable resolution of the Israeli-Arab conflict through civil society projects and citizens' positive engagement.

Projects are generally initiated by Israeli, Palestinian and/or Jordanian organisations, but also include partnerships with European and other regional actors. Projects may target stakeholders either in Israel, Palestine or Jordan (unilaterally or jointly), and activities should take place locally within the region.

The Programme also supports Israeli-Palestinian cross-border actions aimed at improving livelihoods and creating development opportunities for both Israeli and Palestinian people.

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