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Parliamentary questions
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20 October 2017
E-005203/2017(ASW)
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-005203/2017

Directive 2011/93/EU on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography(1) provides for minimum rules on the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in this area of particularly serious crimes. As regards sanctions for natural persons, the directive provides for a minimum level of a maximum term of imprisonment (ranging from one to 10 years, depending on the seriousness of the offence). The directive also obliges Member States to propose intervention programmes or measures for child sex abuse offenders to take on a voluntary basis. It is for the Member States to decide which intervention programmes or measures are appropriate. The Commission report on the implementation of the directive(2) provides an overview of the adoption of such programmes by Member States. However, the Commission does neither dispose of consolidated data about the number of convicted persons accessing the programmes nor about the availability and frequency of chemical castration measures provided in the framework of such programmes.

When implementing Directive 2011/93/EU, Member States are bound to respect the rights enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Right of the European Union. Respect of the Charter includes that penalties imposed upon persons may not be disproportionate to the criminal offence of which they are convicted.

(1)Directive 2011/93/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, OJ L 335, 17.12.2011, p. 1.
(2)Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council assessing the extent to which the Member States have taken the necessary measures in order to comply with Directive 2011/93/EU of 13 December 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, COM(2016) 871 final, 16.12.2016; Section 2.3.5.

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