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Parliamentary questions
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16 April 2018
Answer given by Mr Avramopoulos on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-000244/2018

The Commission considers that, while migration in itself cannot reverse the ageing of the population, well-managed migration, accompanied by successful integration, can mitigate some of its negative effects, in particular on the sustainability of social security systems.

Labour migration can also contribute to addressing existing skills and labour shortages, in addition to policies aimed at activating and training the domestic workforce. Allowing a labour migrant to fill a vacancy which would otherwise have remained open due to lack of available skills is beneficial to all. This is why the EU and its Member States need to ensure — in their own interest — that Europe remains an attractive destination for workers who are beneficial for economies and societies.

The volume of admission of third-country nationals for work purposes remains a national competence, in accordance with Article 79(5) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Moreover, based on the EU acquis on legal migration, Member States are generally allowed to check, prior to issuing a permit or a visa for work purposes, whether a vacancy could be filled by EU and European Economic Area citizens as well as by non-EU nationals already legally resident in the Member State in question(1).

(1)E.g. Article 8(2) of Council Directive 2009/50/EC of 25.5.2009 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment (OJ L 155, 18.6.2009, p. 17) or Article 8(3) of Directive 2014/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26.2.2014 on the conditions of entry and stay for third-country nationals for the purpose of employment as seasonal workers (OJ L 94, 28.3.2014, p.375).

Last updated: 16 April 2018Legal notice