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Parliamentary questions
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11 April 2018
Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-000446/2018

1. The limit for bisphenol A (BPA) set in Regulation (EU) 2018/213(1) is based on the temporary Tolerable Daily Intake (tTDI) set by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in its latest opinion(2). In addition to extending the scope beyond plastic food contact materials to coated materials in order to further reduce exposure to BPA and to provide a high level of protection for consumers, the Commission applied the precautionary principle by adding further prohibitions on BPA concerning infants and young children.

2. EFSA’s opinion takes into account the exposure to BPA of all population groups, including women of child-bearing age, as well as all toxicological endpoints, including developmental effects and endocrine disruption. Both EFSA and the European Chemicals Agency agree that there is evidence that BPA has endocrine-disrupting properties. However, EFSA specifically examined the likelihood of these effects occurring and the risk from BPA from food sources.

3. EFSA’s re-evaluation of BPA is due to start in spring 2018 and is expected to take approximately two years. Once completed, the Commission will assess the findings and decide if further action is necessary to protect consumers as regards BPA in food contact materials.

(1)Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/213 of 12 February 2018 on the use of bisphenol A in varnishes and coatings intended to come into contact with food and amending Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 as regards the use of that substance in plastic food contact materials, OJ L 41, 14.2.2018, p. 6‐12.
(2)EFSA Journal 2015;13(1):3978.

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