Go back to the Europarl portal

Choisissez la langue de votre document :

  • bg - български
  • es - español
  • cs - čeština
  • da - dansk
  • de - Deutsch
  • et - eesti keel
  • el - ελληνικά
  • en - English (Selected)
  • fr - français
  • ga - Gaeilge
  • hr - hrvatski
  • it - italiano
  • lv - latviešu valoda
  • lt - lietuvių kalba
  • hu - magyar
  • mt - Malti
  • nl - Nederlands
  • pl - polski
  • pt - português
  • ro - română
  • sk - slovenčina
  • sl - slovenščina
  • fi - suomi
  • sv - svenska
Parliamentary questions
PDF 106kWORD 21k
30 May 2018
Answer given by Ms Thyssen on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-001150/2018

The Staff Discussion Note published by the International Monetary Fund(1) discusses the economic impact of the recent inflow of refugees to Europe(2) over scenarios based on various assumptions. In the short term, it estimates a positive impact on gross domestic product, due to the fiscal expansion related to asylum-seekers' support and the expansion in labour supply. The medium and long term impact depends on how refugees will be integrated into the labour market. This is consistent with the Commission's findings(3).

The Commission's findings show considerable under-utilisation of third-country nationals' qualifications compared to nationals. In previous waves of refugees the lack of recognition of their qualifications in host countries was identified as one of the main barriers to finding a suitable job or any at all(4). As reported in the 2018 Country Report for Sweden, recently arrived migrants often have low educational attainment and even those with higher level of education face difficulties gaining recognition of their skills and qualifications acquired outside of the European Union (EU)(5). To facilitate the recognition of refugees' skills, the Commission launched the multilingual EU Skills Profile Tool for Third Country Nationals(6). The European Structural and Investment Funds support projects dedicated to upskilling of people with a migration background.

The Swedish ‘Two-Step’ project(7) gives support to Small and Medium-sized Enterprises run by people with a migrant background. The support provided to each company may therefore reach several employees. But estimates of the cost per job created have not been elaborated. The estimated cost of EUR 30 000(8) refers to the equivalent yearly cost of the Swedish program ‘Special Introduction’, which each person can attend for maximum six months.

(1)The Refugee Surge in Europe: Economic Challenges, IMF, 2016.
(2)Please note that recently arrived refugees constitute only a small share of the non-EU born population living in the EU.
(3)See Employment and Social Developments in Europe — 2015 Annual Review (Chapter II.2).
(4)See Employment and Social Developments in Europe — 2016 Annual Review (Chapter III).
(5)See SWD(2018) 225 final. Country Report Sweden 2018
(7)Toolkit on the use of EU funds for the integration of people with a migrant background (page 17), European Commission, 2018.
(8)The Refugee Surge in Europe: Economic Challenges, (page 48), IMF, 2016.

Last updated: 31 May 2018Legal notice