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Parliamentary questions
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8 June 2018
Answer given by Mr Arias Cañete on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-001231/2018

In line with its replies to written questions E-002429/2017, E-008058/2016 and E-008841/2014, the Commission is of the opinion that it is possible to reconcile the development of onshore and offshore wind farms with environmental policy objectives. Any potential negative impacts of such projects should be analysed during the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure, as foreseen in the EIA Directive(1) (Directive 2011/92/EU as amended by Directive 2014/52/EU(2)), including identifying any suitable mitigation measures. The project will also need to comply with any applicable provisions of the EU Nature legislation(3). It lies with the Member States' competent authorities to make sure that these requirements are properly implemented.

Directive 2009/28/EC(4) provides a framework for administrative procedures, regulations and codes applicable to renewable energy installations. Within this framework, the relevant national, regional or local authorities decide on the permitting of specific projects.

To enable the permitting authorities to duly take into consideration all relevant aspects for their decisions on renewable energy projects, the Commission provides platforms where Member States and other authorities can exchange good practice(5), as well as a service contract developing a networking platform and support to local and regional authorities for renewable deployment. The latter is coordinated by the European Forum for Renewable Energy Sources (EUFORES) and started on 1 March 2017(6).

Further measures to leverage citizens and local communities' engagement and acceptance are proposed in the Recast of the renewable energy Directive (2016/0382)(7). This proposal is now submitted to the European Parliament and Council under the Ordinary Legislative Procedure.

(1)Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment, OJ L 26, 28.1.2012, p. 1‐21.
(2)Directive 2014/52/EU amending Directive 2011/92/EU, OJ L 124, 25.4.2014, p. 1‐18.
(3)Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds (Birds Directive), OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7‐25 and Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (Habitats Directive), OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7‐50.
(5)Examples of these are the CA-RES concerted action http://www.ca-res.eu/index.php?id=7

Last updated: 8 June 2018Legal notice