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Parliamentary questions
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14 September 2018
Answer given by Ms Thyssen on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-002452/2018

The Commission agrees with the Honourable Member on the need to ensure that workers in the collaborative economy are adequately protected.

As recognised by the European Pillar of Social Rights,(1) regardless of the type and duration of the employment relationship, workers have the right to fair and equal treatment regarding working conditions, access to social protection and training (principle 5a) whereas employment relationships that lead to precarious working conditions should be prevented, including by prohibiting abuses of atypical contracts (principle 5b).

In the communication on the collaborative economy of June 2016(2), which includes legal guidance and policy recommendations to Member States and market participants, the Commission has clarified how existing Union law applies to the collaborative economy, including in employment-related issues.

In December 2017, the Commission proposed a directive on Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions in the EU(3) to increase the protection of workers, notably those in precarious work. It aims at better ensuring workers' information on their working conditions and introduces a new set of minimum material rights to increase predictability of employment.

It proposes to use a definition of ‘worker’ based on settled case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, to cover in all Member States the same, broad categories of workers and provide platform workers with an additional tool to defend their rights.

At the same time, the European Pillar of Social Rights recognises that ‘regardless of the type and duration of their employment relationship, workers, and, under comparable conditions, the self-employed have the right to adequate social protection’ (principle 12).

The Commission accordingly proposed(4) in March 2018 a Council Recommendation on access to social protection for workers and the self-employed. This addresses the need to ensure adequate social protection for those in new and growing forms of employment, including platform work.

(3)COM(2017)797 final, 21.12.2017

Last updated: 17 September 2018Legal notice