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Parliamentary questions
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2 October 2018
Answer given by Mr Vella on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004127/2018

Wind energy plays an important role for achieving the national renewable energy targets enshrined in Directive 2009/28/EC and for mitigating climate change and creating jobs. Wind farm projects need to comply with the relevant EU environmental legislation. According to Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment(1) an Environmental Impact Assessment should be carried out before a permit is granted.

If a Natura 2000 site might also be impacted, an appropriate assessment should also be carried out in line with Directive 92/43/EEC on the protection of habitats(2).

The Commission does not perform compliance checks of individual wind farm projects. Nevertheless, as indicated in the reply to the Question E-003351/2018, the Commission has launched an infringement procedure against Greece for failure to comply with applicable EU legislation as regards wind farm planning and permitting across the country.

It is for Member States to ensure that all aspects of EU environmental legislation have been complied with before authorising a project and during the project’s life cycle.

It should also be noted that the Regional Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development Framework for the region of Euboea is being updated. A strategic environmental impact assessment will have to be carried out (in accordance with Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment(3)) before it is approved.

Should citizens wish to challenge individual projects, or individual breaches of environmental law, they should use the means of redress available at Member State level, including referral to national courts.

(1)OJ L 26, 28.1.2012, p. 1‐21
(2)OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7‐50
(3)OJ L 197, 21.7.2001, p. 30‐37.

Last updated: 2 October 2018Legal notice