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Parliamentary questions
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5 October 2018
Answer given by Mr Vella on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004170/2018

Wind energy plays an important role for achieving the national renewable energy targets and for mitigating climate change and creating jobs. However, windfarm projects need to comply with the relevant EU environmental legislation.

The Commission does not perform compliance checks of individual windfarm projects. Nevertheless, as indicated in the reply to questions E-003351/2018 and E-004127/2018, the Commission has launched an infringement procedure against Greece for failure to comply with applicable EU legislation as regards wind farm planning and permitting across the country.

It is for Member States to ensure that all aspects of EU environmental legislation have been complied with before authorising a project and during the project’s life cycle and to verify that when a project is likely to significantly affect a Natura 2000 site an appropriate assessment has been prepared (on the basis of Article 6(3) of Directive 92/43/EEC on the protection of habitats(1)) before the project is approved.

It should also be noted that Regional Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development Frameworks for the various regions of Greece are being updated. To the extent that directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment applies(2), strategic environmental impact assessments (SEAs) will have to be carried out before they are approved.

Should citizens wish to challenge individual projects, individual breaches of environmental law or the violation of approved environmental impact assessments, they should use the means of redress available at Member State level, including national courts.

(1)OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7‐50
(2)OJ L 197, 21.7.2001, p. 30‐37.

Last updated: 5 October 2018Legal notice