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Parliamentary questions
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7 November 2018
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004245/2018

There is no treaty relation between the EU and the Russian Federation in the area of police cooperation and cooperation in criminal matters. While Europol has a strategic cooperation agreement with the Russian Federation, this does not cover the exchange of personal data.

Both police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters are largely matters of bilateral cooperation between the EU Member States and the Russian Federation.

This cooperation is governed also by different Conventions of the Council of Europe and their protocols (all EU Member States are a party to these Conventions). Within the Council of Europe a standing committee of experts deals with specific Conventions and provides a forum to discuss with the Russian Federation any practical problems Member States have in common.

1Furthermore, some Member States have also signed bilateral agreements with the Russia Federation in the area of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters.

In the context of police cooperation, transfers of personal data by the Member States to the Russian Federation have to comply with the provisions of the directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA(1).

It is under this framework that EU Member States ensure correct application of the relevant data protection rules for each individual case in police or criminal law cooperation with the Russian Federation.

(1)OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 89.

Last updated: 8 November 2018Legal notice