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Parliamentary questions
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22 August 2018
E-004308-18
Question for written answer E-004308-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells (ALDE)

 Subject:  Results of the Cambodian ‘elections’ and conclusions of the EU fact-finding mission to assess Cambodia's compliance with its human rights obligations under EBA
 Answer in writing 

The statement by the EEAS on the elections held in Cambodia is quite clear(1), the only missing elements being reference to the Everything But Arms initiative (EBA)(2) and to respect for Article 19 of the General System of Preferences (GSP) regulation (No 978/2012).

The National Election Committee (NEC), which is controlled by the ruling CPP party, stole some 2 million names from citizens who did not vote in order to inflate the participation rate, which was claimed to have skyrocketed to 83% in spite of the banning of the only credible opposition party, the CNRP. However, if we take out those 2 million names the real participation rate becomes 59%, including spoiled ballots (approximately 10% and representing a form of protest against this fake election, along with the outright boycott called for by the CNRP). Furthermore, the NEC killed two birds with one stone: besides artificially inflating voter turnout with the above fake 2 million voter names, it also attributed the votes corresponding to those names to the CPP, thus giving the ruling party a resounding victory. The CPP effectively won all 125 parliamentary seats, a 100% victory typical of communist or authoritarian countries. But if we exclude these 2 million fake ballots, support for the CPP only represents 29% of all citizens legally able to vote.

1. When will the Commission make public its conclusions regarding the EU mission(3)(4) to Cambodia?

2. Will the Commission agree to present its conclusions in front of Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, Committee on International Trade and Committee on Employment and Social Affairs?

(1)https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/48957/statement-spokesperson-general-elections-cambodia_en
(2)https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/eu-review-cambodias-eba-status
(3)https://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/mission-07052018162648.html
(4)https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/eu-fact-finding-mission-concludes-officials-determine-trade-agreement-status-138514/

Last updated: 3 September 2018Legal notice