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Parliamentary questions
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8 November 2018
Answer given by Mr Avramopoulos on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004396/2018

Applicants for international protection must be treated in accordance with the EC law on asylum. According to Article 6 of the Asylum Procedures Directive(1) third-country nationals who make applications for international protection in the territory, including in the territorial waters, of the Member States must be granted access to the asylum procedure, independent of their nationality and without prejudice to the outcome of the procedure.

Applicants for international protection or third-country nationals staying illegally on the territory of a Member State may only be detained under the requirements provided for by EC law, namely Article 8 of the Reception Conditions Directive and Article 15 of the Return Directive(2) in conjunction with Article 6 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Detention conditions must fully guarantee the detainees’ human dignity, including in the specific situation of vulnerable persons, in accordance with Article 10 of the Reception Conditions Directive and Article 16 of the Return Directive in conjunction with Article 1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

EC law does not rule out that individuals, who have not made an application for international protection or who have withdrawn their application, are transferred to a non-EU country, as far as it is compatible with EU acquis and international law.

It is for the national authorities of the Member States, here of Italy, to ensure that individual cases of the application of that law are dealt with in line with these rules.

(1)Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection.
(2)Directive 2008/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals.

Last updated: 12 November 2018Legal notice