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Parliamentary questions
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21 November 2018
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004488/2018

1. For legal proceedings instituted on or after 10 January 2015, international jurisdiction in cases of physical injury (tort) of employees is currently regulated in the EU through Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012(1). For legal proceedings instituted before 10 January 2015, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001(2) would apply.

Regulation No 44/2001 had superseded the 1968 Brussels Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters, applicable in both Greece and the Netherlands when the facts described in this question took place.

The question as to which of those instruments applies depends on the time when proceedings were instituted. In relation to tort cases for physical injury the rules on jurisdiction have essentially stayed the same since the 1968 Brussels Convention. The victim has the choice to bring the case either at the domicile of the defendant or before the courts for the place where the harmful event occurred.

2. The European Commission does not have the competence to give advice in individual cases. It would seem that this case concerns a situation of personal injury caused by the act or omission of another person, referred to as tort. The options available in such cases are as described above.

(1)Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 351, 20.12.2012, p. 1‐32.
(2)Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 012, 16/01/2001, p. 1-23.

Last updated: 22 November 2018Legal notice