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Parliamentary questions
PDF 105kWORD 21k
17 September 2018
E-004678-18
Question for written answer E-004678-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells (ALDE)

 Subject:  Vietnam's human rights record ahead of the possible ratification of the EU-Vietnam FTA — Promotion of human rights in EU trade and external policy

With respect to the Vietnam FTA, Commissioner Malmström(1) emphasised the importance of ‘clear commitments to respect human rights and to comply with International Labour Organisation conventions’.

In the light of Article 3 TEU(2) and the EU’s human rights objective in trade policy(3), and before any FTA can be signed, does the Commission believe that Vietnam should:
Repeal Articles 109, 116, 117, 118 and 331 of its penal code and ensure its conformity with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); repeal Articles 74 and 173 of its Criminal Procedure Code and allow all persons detained for alleged violations, including those relating to national security, immediate access to legal counsel upon arrest.
Release all persons imprisoned(4) or detained under house arrest for exercising their basic rights(5), including, among others: Buddhist dissident Thich Quang Do; bloggers Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (‘Mother Mushroom’), Tran Thi Nga, Nguyen Van Hoa and Tran Huynh Duy Thuc; religious activists Ngo Hao and Phan Van Thu.
Ratify ILO Conventions No 87 (Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise), No 98 (Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining) and No 105 (Abolition of Forced Labour).
Halt all executions and declare a moratorium on the death penalty.
2. Will it inform Parliament of the concrete progress made by Vietnam on each point?

1. Does the Commission agree(6)?

(1)http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1875
(2)http://www.lisbon-treaty.org/wcm/the-lisbon-treaty/treaty-on-european-union-and-comments/title-1-common-provisions/4-article-3.html
(3)https://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/EN/foraff/131181.pdf
(4)https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/07/23/vietnam-clean-abysmal-rights-record
(5)http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2015/570449/EXPO_IDA(2015)570449_EN.pdf
(6)https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/06/22/eu-should-stand-vietnams-people

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