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Parliamentary questions
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28 September 2018
E-004933-18
Question for written answer E-004933-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells (ALDE)

 Subject:  Ryanair and the application of labour law, EU internal market rules, social dumping and the mobility of workers

Commissioner Marianne Thyssen told Ryanair CEO Michael O’Leary: ‘Respecting EC law is not something over which workers should have to negotiate, nor is it something which can be done differently from country to country.’(1)(2)

Commissioner Thyssen reiterated that EU rules on employment contracts for mobile air crews are clear: it is not the flag of the aircraft that determines the applicable law. It is the place from which the worker leaves in the morning and to which they return in the evening, without the employer having to cover expenses.

Low-cost carriers such as Ryanair and EasyJet have bases all over Europe where both planes and crews are stationed. This means crews can return to their home base each night, allowing the airlines to avoid costs involved with overnight rest stops.(3), (4)

The European Court of Justice has ruled that cabin crew based in other countries could pursue legal claims locally.(5), (6)

1. If the location where staff are based is a key factor in determining jurisdiction, can the Commission confirm whether or not Irish law can still apply, regardless of the jurisdiction?

2. Does the Commission believe that the place where a cabin crew’s aircraft is stationed (and not just the aircraft’s country of registration) should be taken into account when determining which court has jurisdiction?

3. Does the Commission see any risks for worker mobility in the EU internal market?

(1)https://twitter.com/mariannethyssen/status/1044900868548702208
(2)http://europa.eu/rapid/midday-express.htm
(3)https://trends.levif.be/economie/entreprises/ryanair-va-maintenir-ses-contrats-de-travail-irlandais-malgre-la-decision-de-la-cjue/article-normal-722737.html
(4)https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ryanair-crew-court/ryanair-loses-eu-court-battle-to-keep-irish-law-for-crew-abroad-idUSKCN1BP0VM
(5)https://www.ft.com/content/cb7200f6-9952-11e7-a652-cde3f882dd7b
(6)https://www.rtbf.be/info/societe/detail_revers-pour-ryanair-ses-travailleurs-bases-a-charleroi-peuvent-saisir-la-justice-belge?id=9708714

Last updated: 10 October 2018Legal notice