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Parliamentary questions
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7 December 2018
E-005030/2018(ASW)
Answer given by Mr Mimica on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-005030/2018

Between 2002 and 2014, the European Union provided roughly EUR 600 million mainly in the field of humanitarian aid, education, health, agriculture and food security in Zimbabwe.

On 6 September 2018, the Government declared a cholera outbreak and a state of emergency. The epicentre is Harare city mainly in poor suburbs, where the first cases were identified. Additional imported cases in the neighbouring districts as well as extended provinces have been diagnosed and managed appropriately.

The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene response as well as the support to the public health facilities have been targeted using a multi-sectoral approach, coordinated by the World Health Organisation and the Government of Zimbabwe, with the technical support of key partners such as Médecins sans Frontières, Oxfam and the United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef). The current situation is contained but not eradicated. Field activities have currently a strong emphasis on social mobilisation and preventive measures in view of the upcoming raining season.

The immediate joint EU response has contributed substantially to the National Response Plan. This included an immediate release of EUR 8 500 to allow the Zimbabwe Red Cross to kick-start the mobilisation of volunteers for hygiene and health promotion, followed by an additional allocation of EUR 90 000 for early detection of cases as part of the EU's overall contribution to the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Despite a reduction in new daily cases since the onset of the outbreak, the risk of resurgence persists in particular in view of the start of the rainy season in November. On 29 November 2018, the EU has therefore announced a further funding of EUR 400 000 in humanitarian assistance to Unicef to step up actions to prevent the spread and stop the disease through rapid targeted water and sanitation activities, preventive water chlorination and hygiene promotion and mass communication in high risk places.

The mid‐ and long‐ term structural needs are still under discussion with the Government of Zimbabwe.

Last updated: 7 December 2018Legal notice