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Parliamentary questions
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7 December 2018
Answer given by Mr Arias Cañete on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-005188/2018

Member States are required to establish facilities to monitor the level of radioactivity in air, soil and water, as well as to ensure compliance with the basic safety standards(1). The Commission has the right to verify those facilities and their operation and efficiency(2). Should it be deemed necessary, the Commission will consider undertaking verifications at sites of particular interest.

The 2013 Basic Safety Standards (BSS) Directive(3) lays down the basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.

On the basis of this directive all Member States need to establish a programme to identify and evaluate existing exposure situations(4) , then establish strategies to ensure the appropriate management of the situation, and finally ensure the implementation of these strategies.

The BSS Directive also requires the establishment of optimised protection strategies at national level for managing contaminated areas which have already been identified and characterised(5).

The Commission is currently assessing the completeness of the national transposition measures notified by Spain under the BSS Directive and will subsequently assess their compliance with the directive's requirements. Should the legal assessment reveal incomplete transposition or non-conformity, the Commission recalls that, in its role as Guardian of the Treaties, it may take the necessary action, including where appropriate infringement procedures.

(1)Article 35 of the Euratom Treaty.
(2)Article 35 of the Euratom Treaty.
(3)Articles 100 ‘Programme on existing exposure situations’, 101 ‘Establishment of strategies’ and 102 ‘Implementation of strategies’ of the Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation, and repealing Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom (OJ L13, 17.1.2014, p. 1-73).
(4)According to Article 4(35) of Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom ‘Existing exposure situation’ means an exposure situation that already exists when a decision on its control has to be taken and which does not call or no longer calls for urgent measures to be taken.
(5)Article 73.

Last updated: 7 December 2018Legal notice