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Parliamentary questions
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3 December 2018
E-006098-18
Question for written answer E-006098-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Dominique Martin (ENF)

 Subject:  Employment preference clauses in trade agreements: Brussels supports preferential employment of nationals in Morocco
 Answer in writing 

On 24 July 2018, Morocco and the European Union (EU) signed a new fisheries agreement(1).

This agreement sets out the conditions for access by Member States’ fleets to Moroccan fishing zones. Each year, the EU will pay Morocco an annual fee of EUR 52 million, an increase of 30%, and will be obliged to land a certain amount of fish in Morocco.

As far as employment is concerned, European vessels will have to train and employ Moroccan seamen(2). This was already the case under the previous agreement. According to the Moroccan Department of Maritime Fishing, almost 1 000 employment contracts were concluded between 2014 and 2016 for Moroccan seamen to work on European vessels. A Moroccan observer must also always be present on all industrial pelagic trawlers. According to the Commission, the specific objective of this fisheries agreement is to contribute to the economic and social development of Morocco’s fisheries sector through the employment of Moroccan seamen and the development of local industry(3).

Why does the Commission not introduce similar preferential employment or technology transfer clauses in its trade agreements?

This is how our know-how and engineers end up going to the four corners of the world.

(1)https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/67390/maroc-l-ue-paraphe-nouvel-accord.html 
(2)https://www.leconomiste.com/article/1031220-peche-l-accord-maroc-ue-toujours-en-negociation 
(3)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A52018SC0001

Original language of question: FR 
Last updated: 9 January 2019Legal notice