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Parliamentary questions
PDF 108kWORD 19k
20 December 2018
Question for written answer E-006418-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells (ALDE)

 Subject:  Alitalia: history of state aid cases with the Commission and respect for the ‘one time, last time’ principle of the Guidelines (2014/C 249/01) and the market economy principle
 Answer in writing 

Since 1996, the Commission has opened seven state aid cases(1) regarding Alitalia.(2)

In 2004 and 2005(3) (4) big money was pumped again into Alitalia with the aim of restructuring and relaunching Italy’s historically and structurally inefficient national carrier. In 2013 Italian Post was asked to rescue Alitalia.(5)

Point 70 of the Guidelines on restructuring and rescue aid rules(6) refers to the ‘one time, last time’ principle, stating:

‘In order to reduce moral hazard, excessive risk-taking incentives and potential competitive distortions, aid should be granted to undertakings in difficulty in respect of only one restructuring operation … Repeated State interventions are likely to lead to problems of moral hazard and distortions of competition that are contrary to the common interest’.

On 18 December 2018, Commissioner Vestager replied again to press questions regarding Alitalia(7) mentioning market economy principles and the competitors in the market.

1. We are aware that each state aid case is a distinct one, but will the Commission take into account all of Alitalia’s heavy state aid history when assessing on the basis of the ‘one time, last time’ principle?

2. Given the failed past promises by the Italian Government to restructure and relaunch Alitalia, will Ms Vestager request stricter guarantees in order to evaluate whether there is indeed economic discontinuity with the ‘new Alitalia’, now owned once more by the Italian state also through the state rail company, FS(8)?


Last updated: 18 January 2019Legal notice