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Parliamentary questions
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20 December 2018
Question for written answer E-006428-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Nicola Caputo (S&D)

 Subject:  Titanium dioxide — Colour E171
 Answer in writing 

Titanium dioxide is commonly used in the form of nanoparticles as a pigment to give a glossy, smooth and white appearance to cakes and confectionery or to make yogurt and ice cream more opaque.

By the end of the year, France will ban its use in food. Potential health risks have been identified by the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), who say that chronic exposure to this substance through ingestion causes early-stage carcinogenesis.

In 2017, the ECHA committee responsible for assessing the risks concluded that, based on the data available, titanium dioxide should be classified as suspected of cancerogenic effect by inhalation, while in recent months, the EFSA concluded that the available data on the use of titanium dioxide in food do not give rise to concerns regarding the health of consumers.

Within the limits of its competence, can the Commission say:
1. If it intends to subject the substance to more in-depth studies;
2. What precautionary measures it intends to take?
Original language of question: IT 
Last updated: 21 January 2019Legal notice