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Parliamentary questions
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11 April 2019
Answer given by Ms Bulc on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000094/2019

1. The Commission is not aware of EU airlines that are incompliant with the requirement of being EU majority owned and effectively controlled as established in Article 4(f) of Regulation 1008/2008 and that are allowed to operate.

2. As the Commission explained in the Interpretative Guidelines on Ownership and Control, adopted in June 2017, the nationality requirement has to be ensured at the final level of the ownership and control line. This makes it impossible for a non-EU air carrier to buy EU air carriers and run them as subsidiaries, with the effect that ownership and control over them does not ultiamately lie with Member States or their nationals.

3. Point 37 of the Interpretative Guidelines provides an example in which there is an assumption that all shares involved carry the same voting rights. Regulation 1008/2008 does not establish a general obligation that all shares of an air carrier have the same voting rights. Shares can have different rights. What needs to be ensured is that the air carrier’s majority ownership and control remains in the hands of Member States or their nationals.

Last updated: 12 April 2019Legal notice