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Answer given by Ms Gabriel on behalf of the European Commission(16 April 2019)Data on the risk to EU businesses are available on cyber threat reports, which are published annually by Europol (IOCTA 2018)https://www.europol.europa.eu/activities-services/main-reports/Internet-organised-crime-threat-assessment-iocta-2018 and the European Union Agency for Network and Information Society (ENISA) (ETL 2018)https://www.enisa.europa.eu/publications/enisa-threat-landscape-report-2018. ENISA Threat Landscape 2018 on Data Breaches highlights the following:—Data Breaches compromised 4 500 million records in first half of 2018.—Social media ranks top for the number of records breached.—Healthcare still leading in number of incidents (27%).—Comparing the first half of 2017 with 2018, the number of incidents with data breaches declined from 171 to 123. However, the number of records breached increased exponentially, from 2.7 million to 4.5 billionhttps://www.gemalto.com/press/pages/data-breaches-compromised-4-5-billion-records-in-first-half-of-2018.aspx.Important developments have taken place to increase the resilience and enhance the cybersecurity preparedness of the EU, to protect European citizens, industry and public administration against current and emerging cybersecurity threats.The directive on security of network and information systemshttps://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2016.194.01.0001.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2016:194:TOC, which was adopted in July 2016 and entered into force in August 2016, provides legal measures to boost the overall level of cybersecurity in the EU.The proposal for a Cybersecurity Acthttps://ec.europa.eu/commission/news/cybersecurity-act-2018-dec-11_en, agreed by the co-legislators on December 2018, creates a European Cybersecurity certification framework for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) products, services and processes which is particularly mindful of the needs of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, and gives a permanent mandate to ENISA.In September 2018, the Commission also proposed the creation of a Network of Cybersecurity Competence Centres and a new European Cybersecurity Competence Centrehttps://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/proposal-european-cybersecurity-competence-network-and-centre to strengthen cybersecurity across the economy. The European Parliament and the Council have entered negotiations about this proposal.
Last updated: 16 April 2019Legal notice