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Parliamentary questions
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13 June 2019
Answer given by Vice-President Dombrovskis on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001371/2019

All Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) operations are subject to a political pre-condition that encompasses democratic mechanisms (including a multi-party parliamentary system), the rule of law and respect for human rights (see Article 2 of Decision (EU) 2018/947 for MFA to Ukraine). This political pre-condition is horizontal and applies throughout the lifecycle of an MFA operation. The specific policy conditions of the memorandum of understanding are linked to the aim of EU MFA, i.e. to support the restoration of a sustainable external financing situation in the beneficiary country, thereby supporting its economic and social development — see Recital 12 of Decision (EU) 2018/947.

Practically, the existence of the political pre-condition means that a disbursement of MFA can only be made if the political pre-condition for MFA is fulfilled. In the case of Ukraine, while certain concerns were acknowledged, the overall assessment on the political pre-condition was affirmative, both at the time of the Commission proposal (March 2018) and ahead of the first disbursement (November 2018).

The Commission regularly meets civil society representatives as part of its MFA assessment missions. Thus, their views are part of the information that the Commission gathers and evaluates in order to assess the degree of fulfilment of the specific policy conditions, such as anti-corruption measures.

Finally, EU cooperation with Ukraine is wider than MFA. While MFA aims to help restoring a sustainable external financing situation in a partner country, other instruments are specifically dedicated to civil society or human rights. This includes bilateral and regional programmes and projects for civil society under the European Neighbourhood Instrument and mainstreaming of civil society involvement into sectoral ENI programmes. Civil society is also supported via the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights and the Thematic Programme for Support to Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities.

Last updated: 13 June 2019Legal notice