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Parliamentary questions
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16 April 2019
Question for written answer E-001846-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Agnieszka Kozłowska-Rajewicz (PPE)

 Subject:  Lithium in electric car production
The ENVI Committee’s target for reducing EU fleet-wide emissions for new cars by 2030 is 45% (compared to the Commission’s 30%), with an intermediate target of 20% by 2025, and Parliament has issued a press release saying that zero‐ and low-emission vehicles (ZLEVs) should ‘have a 40% market share of sales of new cars and vans by 2030, and 20% by 2025’. Taking these objectives into consideration, as well as research into lithium as a battery component and the mining and production thereof:
1. How does the Commission expect so many new electric lithium-battery-powered cars to be produced when the raw material required is not even available in Europe and is already in high demand at the very beginning of large-scale production? What is the future direction of clean energy legislation?
2. As the lithium rush can have serious negative effects in the lithium triangle (Argentina-Chile-Bolivia), with Bolivia already having made important deals with Korea, Japan and France, the risk of unsustainable lithium mining is serious. How does the Commission plan to legislate for the sustainability of natural resources exploitation (outside EU borders)? Will there be some sort of ‘fair mining’ (akin to the sustainable ‘fair trade’) requirement for lithium imports?
3. Is a sustainability requirement currently in place for the procurement of materials used in the production of ZLEVs?
Last updated: 6 May 2019Legal notice