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Parliamentary questions
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27 June 2019
Answer given by Ms Thyssen on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001967/2019

In the context of the European Semester, the Commission monitors closely labour and social developments in Spain, also paying attention to specific regional challenges. Several editions of the Country Reports for Spain have highlighted the negative economic and social consequences of the strong reliance on fixed term contracts which affect one in four employees, including in the public sector and in the education and healthcare areas in particular.

The Commission has repeatedly recommended Spain to reduce the high share of temporary contracts and promote transitions towards open-ended contracts. The 2019 Country Specific Recommendations, released on 5 June 2019, reiterates this message. The document also notes that recruitment competitions to reduce the share of fixed-term employment in the public sector at all levels of government need to be sped up to reach the target of 8% by the end of 2019.

The Commission also monitors compliance of Member States with EU legislation and is currently assessing the adequacy of the measures in Spanish legislation to prevent abuse arising from the use of successive fixed term contract, as required by Clause 5 of the framework Agreement annexed to Council Directive 1999/70/EC(1).

The Commission is also aware that rapid population ageing and growing long-standing disability and chronic conditions challenge current healthcare delivery. As indicated in the 2019 Country Report for Spain, integrating the different strands of healthcare services, while strengthening primary care, may help adapt care delivery to population ageing, disability and chronic conditions.

(1)Council Directive 1999/70/EC concerning the framework agreement on fixed-term work concluded by the European Trade Union Confederation, the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe and the European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public Services and Services of general interest.

Last updated: 28 June 2019Legal notice