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Parliamentary questions
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12 June 2019
Answer given by Ms Malmström on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-002113/2019

On 12 April 2019, the Office of the United States Trade Representative published for public consultation a preliminary product list which could be subject to countermeasures in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Airbus dispute brought against the EU and certain Member States by the US.

The issuance of this list had been expected and is in line with domestic trade enforcement legislation of the US. Having said this, the European Commission is of the view that the level of countermeasures on which the notice is based is excessive. The level of WTO-authorised countermeasures can only be determined by a WTO-appointed arbitrator.

Meanwhile, in the parallel Boeing dispute, the report of the WTO Appellate Body adopted on 11 April 2019 confirmed that the US has not taken appropriate action to comply with WTO rules on subsidies. The EU is therefore requesting a WTO-appointed arbitrator to determine the appropriate level of the countermeasures the EU can take on the basis of the WTO ruling.

As foreseen under the EU’s Enforcement Regulation(1), on 17 April 2019, the Commission launched a public consultation on a preliminary list of products on which the EU may take countermeasures in the future, taking into account the outcome of the public consultation and the decision of the WTO-appointed arbitrator.

In line with the EU’s consistent position in the aircrafts disputes, the EU remains open for discussions with the US, provided these are without preconditions and aim at a balanced outcome.

(1)Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 concerning the exercise of the Union's rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules and amending Council Regulation (EC) No 3286/94 laying down Community procedures in the field of the common commercial policy in order to ensure the exercise of the Community's rights under international trade rules, in particular those established under the auspices of the World Trade Organisation (OJ L 189, 27.6.2014, p. 50‐58).

Last updated: 13 June 2019Legal notice