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Parliamentary questions
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12 July 2019
Question for written answer E-002257-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Roberta Metsola (PPE)

 Subject:  Bioplastics and recycling
 Answer in writing 

Thanks to advances in innovation, the use of bioplastics, which are broken down over time by naturally occurring bacteria and fungi, is becoming increasingly widespread.

However, the use of terminology such as ‘bio’, ‘compostable’ and variations thereof to refer to eco-friendly plastic is confusing for citizens who are making a genuine effort to separate waste. In many cases, it leads to bioplastic waste being disposed of either with organic material or with ordinary plastic recycling, contaminating an entire bag of recyclable waste. Furthermore, some EU Member States do not have the facilities to process bioplastics.

1. What is the Commission doing to ensure that bioplastic waste management facilities are available across the EU and accessible to all Member States?

2. Are bioplastics considered ‘biowaste’, which falls outside the scope of the Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2008/98/EC)?

3. How does the Commission plan to avoid a rise in single-use, unprocessed bioplastic waste as a result of poor consumer knowledge and a lack of adequate waste management facilities?

Last updated: 26 July 2019Legal notice