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Parliamentary questions
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22 August 2019
Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-002282/2019

1. South Africa is currently using integrated pest management (systems approach) to ensure citrus fruits are free from Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth, FCM), from the field to the packing house and shipment to the EU.

2. Directive (EU) 2017/1279(1), applicable from 1 January 2018, lists FCM as an EU quarantine pest and prescribes specific import requirements. Non-EU countries can use cold treatment or another effective treatment to ensure the products are free from the pest.

The national plant protection organisation of the exporting non-EU country is responsible for the declaration included in the phytosanitary certificate. From 1 September 2019, Directive (EU) 2019/523(2) will require non-EU countries using cold treatment or another effective treatment to provide, prior to export, documentary evidence of the effectiveness of the treatment used in order for the trade to continue.

3. The Commission has recently published a study(3) detailing the effects of several pests, including FCM, citrus greening and Phyllosticta citricarpa on EU agriculture based on several factors (economic, social and environment impact), including the costs of control and eradication.

The data confirm the importance of maintaining strict measures to prevent the introduction of such pests into the EU territory in the interest of the citrus sector and of the EU as a whole.

(1)OJ L 184, 15.7.2017, p. 33‐62
(2)OJ L 86, 28.3.2019, p. 41‐65

Last updated: 28 August 2019Legal notice