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Parliamentary questions
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22 July 2019
E-002337-19
Question for written answer E-002337-19
to the Commission
Rule 138
Carmen Avram (S&D)

 Subject:  The population of African and sub-Saharan African countries in 2050, migration flows and the EU's urgent need to draw up a Marshall plan for Africa
 Answer in writing 

More than half of global population growth between now and 2050 is expected to occur in Africa(1). Africa has the highest rate of population growth among major areas. The population of sub-Saharan Africa is projected to double by 2050(2). The population of Nigeria, for example, has doubled in the last two decades and will double again to over 400 million by 2050(3) (4) (5) (6).

Some argue that Africa will propel the world’s population towards the 10bn mark by 2050(7). Over the next 30 years, the population of sub-Saharan Africa(8) will increase by 1bn, putting it on track to overtake central and southern Asia as the world’s most populous region. Given Europe’s geographical position, it is clear that migration to European countries(9) will only increase.

1. What figures and data on population growth in Africa over the next 30 years(10) and migration to Europe can the Commission provide?

2. Presuming the EU agrees that economic development is one of the root causes of migration, what kind of urgent Marshall plan has it prepared for the African continent, and in particular sub-Saharan countries?

3. Does the Commission agree that the EU’s budget(11) for economic and cooperation development in Africa is far too low to stem migration to Europe?

(1)https://www.ft.com/content/868e20d0-90ec-11e9-b7ea-60e35ef678d2
(2)https://population.un.org/wpp/Maps/
(3)http://worldpopulationreview.com/continents/africa-population/
(4)https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/total-population-outlook-from-unstat-3/assessment-1
(5)https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/lagos
(6)https://www.voanews.com/africa/nigerias-population-projected-double-2050
(7)https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2016/jan/11/population-growth-in-africa-grasping-the-scale-of-the-challenge
(8)https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2019-07-10/africa-to-lead-world-in-population-growth
(9)https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/european-union
(10)https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/africas-population-set-to-double-by-2050-says-new-report/
(11)http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-3461_en.htm

Last updated: 5 August 2019Legal notice