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Parliamentary questions
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7 November 2019
Answer given by Mr Arias Cañete on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-002753/2019

The EU decoupled growth in gross domestic product (+58% between 1990 and 2017) and greenhouse gas emissions (-22%). This has positive effects on employment. For example, jobs in environmental goods and services sectors have increased by 38% between 2000 and 2016, being one of the few sectors that grew and created jobs during the economic crisis.

The climate transition will continue this development, leading to a rise in total jobs. At the same time, some sectors will see job shifts to other sectors. Some regions in the EU have a high share of employees in these sectors. Many more regions have industries that will have to transform to decarbonise.

The Commission supports these regions and the people that work in the affected sectors. Several support instruments already exist. In particular, the structural funds, notably the European Regional Development Fund, Cohesion Fund, and European Social Fund, can support economic diversification and re-skilling of workers in affected regions.

The Commission has also created the Coal Regions in Transition Initiative to help coal regions with their transformation. Also in the EU Emissions Trading System (Directive 2003/87/EC), auctioning revenues are used to set up the Modernisation Fund which will support investments in modernising the power sector and wider energy systems, boosting energy efficiency, and facilitating a just transition in carbon-dependent regions in 10 lower-income Member States.

Last updated: 7 November 2019Legal notice