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Parliamentary questions
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29 November 2019
Answer given by Ms Vestager
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-003128/2019

The Commission makes full use of its powers when devising appropriate and proportionate antitrust remedies, including in digital markets. Under Regulation (EC) No 1/2003, the Commission can impose any remedy, whether behavioural or structural, necessary to bring an infringement effectively to an end, having regard to the principle of proportionality.

Changes to the structure of an undertaking as it existed before the infringement would only be proportionate where there is a substantial risk of a lasting or repeated infringement that derives from the very structure of the undertaking. The Commission thus must assess in each case what remedy is necessary and proportioned, based on the specific circumstances at stake.

As regards taxation, today's international corporate tax rules are not fit for the realities of the modern global economy. On 21 March 2018, the Commission proposed new rules to ensure that digital business activities are taxed in a fair and efficient way in the EU(1). The Commission also follows the work made at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development ( OECD), as the most effective solution would be a coordinated global approach.

The Commission, in coordination with the Member States, will continue to play an active part and is working to ensure that the solution is beneficial to the EU as a whole as well as to its Member States. At the same time, President-elect Ursula von der Leyen has made very clear that if there is no global solution by the end of 2020, the EU should be willing to act alone.

Last updated: 4 December 2019Legal notice