Parliamentary questions
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7 December 2015
O-000157/2015
Question for oral answer O-000157/2015
to the Commission
Rule 128
Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Marina Albiol Guzmán, Martina Anderson, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Lynn Boylan, Matt Carthy, Fabio De Masi, Mark Demesmaeker, Bas Eickhout, Cornelia Ernst, Eleonora Forenza, Francesc Gambús, Tania González Peñas, Martin Häusling, Yannick Jadot, Ivan Jakovčić, Josu Juaristi Abaunz, Ska Keller, Stelios Kouloglou, Patrick Le Hyaric, Paloma López Bermejo, Sabine Lösing, Ernest Maragall, Tamás Meszerics, Liadh Ní Riada, Bronis Ropė, Sofia Sakorafa, Lola Sánchez Caldentey, Judith Sargentini, Molly Scott Cato, Jordi Sebastià, Lidia Senra Rodríguez, Alyn Smith, Bart Staes, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Josep-Maria Terricabras, Estefanía Torres Martínez, Nils Torvalds, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Miguel Urbán Crespo, Ernest Urtasun, Bodil Valero, Monika Vana, Tatjana Ždanoka, Gabriele Zimmer

 Subject: Impunity of Francoist crimes in the Spanish state

20 November 2015 marks 40 years since the death of the dictator Francisco Franco and 76 years since the imposition of the Francoist dictatorship whose crimes have not yet been investigated, judged, and punished. The recovery and diffusion of historical memory is one of the European Union’s responsibilities, especially if this memory concerns crimes against humanity and human rights violations. The principle of universal justice makes it impossible to continue impunity for crimes against humanity, and forces states to judge those responsible of such crimes. Several United Nations reports have denounced the fact that Spain has not assumed responsibility and have demanded urgent measures to achieve truth, justice, reparations, and guarantees of non-repetition.

Will the Commission (through the Active European Remembrance programme) pay greater attention to recovering the memory of the Francoist dictatorship and, in accordance with the European Charter of Fundamental Rights, promote the investigation of its crimes, as well as truth, justice, and reparations for its victims?

Will the Commission support the Argentinean court case against those responsible from the Francoist regime? What is the Commission’s opinion regarding this case and the extradition requests related to it?

How does the Commission qualify the absence of reparations and justice and the fact that the sentences of Francoist war councils have not been nullified?

Will the Commission guarantee that Francoist symbols are definitively withdrawn, and that landmarks related to the historical memory and the anti-Francoist struggle are recovered, highlighted and, when appropriate, placed in museums?

Will the Commission take any action regarding the legal existence of the Francisco Franco Foundation that receives public funding from the Spanish state and whose activity consists of exalting and justifying the Francoist dictatorship?

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