Parliamentary questions
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29 January 2019

Question for oral answer O-000005/2019

to the Commission

Rule 128

Biljana Borzan

on behalf of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality

  Subject: Women's rights in Western Balkan countries

The Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Montenegro and Serbia) are at different stages of the process to become Member States of the EU. Although legislation is in place in all of the aforementioned countries, its implementation is limited and, in many cases, not backed by adequate esources. The problem of violence against women is prevalent, with a low number of shelters, a lack of free legal support and poor access to justice. Women are still underrepresented in the labour market: their working conditions are worse than those of their male counterparts and there is little regulation on work-life balance. Female entrepreneurship is still low and women have limited access to financial loans.

1. What is the Commission doing to ensure that legislation and strategies in particular those which focus on combating violence against women and girls and on the labour market and political participation ­ are implemented and adequately funded? How is it supporting, promoting and publicising the available instruments, in particular to women in rural areas and marginalised groups?

2. How is it helping to combat stereotypes about traditional gender roles, which are often identified as the biggest obstacle to improving gender equality in the region?

3. How is it ensuring the effective, efficient and impactful spending for the functioning of the governmental and independent institutions that are tasked with launching and implementing gender equality measures and, in particular, with gender mainstreaming policies?

4. How is it ensuring compliance with the commitments outlined in the Gender Action Plan II to use gender analysis for all EU spending for the Western Balkans, when programming the instrument for pre-accession assistance and in policymaking in relation to the accession process?

5. How will it regularly consult with womens civil society organisations as part of the accession processes, in an effort to have a better informed political dialogue with the Western Balkan countries?

Tabled: 29.1.2019

Forwarded: 31.1.2019

Deadline for reply: 7.2.2019

Last updated: 8 February 2019Legal notice