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Parliamentary questions
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13 November 2017
P-006053/2017(ASW)
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: P-006053/2017

Directive 95/46/EC(1) on the protection of personal data has been transposed in the national order of the Member States. The directive applies to processing of personal data by private and public entities.

Article 28 of Directive 95/46/EC requires each Member State to provide that one or more public authorities are responsible for monitoring and enforcing the national rules transposing Directive 95/46/EC. These authorities must act with complete independence in exercising the functions entrusted to them and each such authority must be endowed with investigative powers and with effective powers of intervention. The Article 29 Working Party which is the body regrouping all EU data protection authorities has not issued any opinion on the issue of data protection in Catalonia so far.

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)(2) essentially updates and modernises the principles already enshrined in the current 1995 Data Protection Directive and it will apply as of 25 May 2018. It focuses on reinforcing individuals' rights, strengthening the EU internal market and ensuring stronger enforcement of the rules. Ensuring consistent application of the GDPR is first and foremost the responsibility of the data protection authorities of the Member States.

(1)Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31. Directive 95/46/EC will be repealed as of 25 May 2018 by Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1.
(2)Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1.

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