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Parliamentary questions
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9 November 2018
P-005699-18
Question for written answer P-005699-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Michela Giuffrida (S&D)

 Subject:  Exploitation of durum wheat with low levels of deoxynivalenol (DON)
 Answer in writing 

In response to a previous question of mine on the maximum limit of deoxynivalenol (DON) in unprocessed durum wheat, on 1 August 2017 Commissioner Andriukaitis said that he was awaiting an opinion from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with a view to revising Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 which limits the presence of this mycotoxin — which is harmful owing to its carcinogenicity — in feed and food.

Recent studies have shown that, thanks to the soil and climate conditions in which they develop, the amounts of DON in durum wheat crops in southern Italy — such as those in Sicily, on which 44 000 farmers depend — are well below 100 µg/kg and are therefore not carcinogenic. Despite the high quality and health-giving properties of the wheat in these areas, its price has now reached 16 cents/kg (compared to 25 cents/kg in production costs) and there is still a large amount of uncultivated land (in a country like Italy, which, with its 50 000 farmers under the age of 35, is Europe’s leader in terms of the number of young farmers, but for whom access to land remains the key obstacle).

In view of the above, can the Commission say:
1. Whether a debate has really been launched to redefine DON limits in feed and food?
2. Whether it intends to revise Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 in relation to the limits of DON?
3. How it intends to support the production of wheat, which, as in the case of Sicily, is very wholesome?
Original language of question: IT 
Last updated: 13 November 2018Legal notice