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Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament
9th parliamentary term - July 2019
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CONTENTS
NOTE TO THE READER
COMPENDIUM OF THE MAIN LEGAL ACTS RELATED TO THE RULES OF PROCEDURE

TITLE I : MEMBERS, PARLIAMENT BODIES AND POLITICAL GROUPS
CHAPTER 4 : POLITICAL GROUPS

Rule 33 : Establishment and dissolution of political groups

1.   Members may form themselves into groups according to their political affinities.

Parliament need not normally evaluate the political affinity of members of a group. In forming a group together under this Rule, the Members concerned accept by definition that they have political affinity. Only when this is denied by the Members concerned is it necessary for Parliament to evaluate whether the group has been constituted in accordance with the Rules.

2.   A political group shall consist of Members elected in at least one-quarter of the Member States. The minimum number of Members required to form a political group shall be 25.

3.   If a group falls below one of the required thresholds, the President, with the agreement of the Conference of Presidents, may allow it to continue to exist until Parliament's next constitutive sitting, provided the following conditions are met:

-   the members continue to represent at least one-fifth of the Member States;

-   the group has been in existence for a period that is longer than a year.

The President shall not apply this derogation where there is sufficient evidence to suspect that it is being abused.

4.   A Member may not belong to more than one political group.

5.   The President shall be notified in a statement when a political group is set up. That statement shall specify:

-   the name of the group,

-   a political declaration, setting out the purpose of the group, and

    The political declaration of a group shall set out the values that the group stands for and the main political objectives which its members intend to pursue together in the framework of the exercise of their mandate. The declaration shall describe the common political orientation of the group in a substantial, distinctive and genuine way.

-   the names of its members and bureau members.

All members of the group shall declare in writing in an annex to the statement that they share the same political affinity.

6.   The statement shall be annexed to the minutes of the part-session during which the announcement of the establishment of the political group is made.

7.   The President shall announce the establishment of political groups in Parliament. Such announcement shall have retroactive legal effect from the moment when the group notified its establishment to the President in accordance with this Rule.

The President shall also announce the dissolution of political groups in Parliament. Such an announcement will take legal effect on the day following that on which the political group no longer met the conditions for existence.

Last updated: 21 June 2019Legal notice