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Procedure : 2016/0295(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0390/2017

Texts tabled :

A8-0390/2017

Debates :

PV 16/01/2018 - 14
CRE 16/01/2018 - 14

Votes :

PV 17/01/2018 - 10.1
CRE 17/01/2018 - 10.1

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0006

Texts adopted
PDF 553kWORD 76k
Wednesday, 17 January 2018 - Strasbourg Final edition
Control of exports, transfer, brokering, technical assistance and transit of dual-use items ***I
P8_TA(2018)0006A8-0390/2017

Amendments adopted by the European Parliament on 17 January 2018 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting up a Union regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering, technical assistance and transit of dual-use items (recast) (COM(2016)0616 – C8‑0393/2016 – 2016/0295(COD))(1)

(Ordinary legislative procedure: – recast)

Text proposed by the Commission   Amendment
Amendment 1
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 3
(3)  An effective common system of export controls on dual-use items is therefore necessary to ensure that the international commitments and responsibilities of the Member States and of the Union, especially regarding non-proliferation, are complied with.
(3)  An effective common system of export controls on dual-use items is therefore necessary to ensure that the international commitments and responsibilities of the Member States and of the Union, especially regarding non-proliferation and human rights, are complied with.
Amendment 2
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5
(5)  Considering the emergence of new categories of dual-use items, and in response to calls from the European Parliament and indications that certain cyber-surveillance technologies exported from the Union have been misused by persons complicit in or responsible for directing or committing serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law in situations of armed conflict or internal repression, it is appropriate to control the export of those technologies in order to protect public security as well as public morals. These measures should not go beyond what is proportionate. They should, in particular, not prevent the export of information and communication technology used for legitimate purposes, including law enforcement and internet security research. The Commission, in close consultations with the Member States and stakeholders, will develop guidelines to support the practical applications of those controls.
(5)  Certain cyber-surveillance items have emerged as a new category of dual-use items that have been used to directly interfere with human rights, including the right to privacy, the right to data protection, freedom of expression and freedom of assembly and association, by monitoring or exfiltrating data without obtaining a specific, informed and unambiguous authorization of the owner of the data and/or by incapacitating or damaging the targeted system. In response to calls from the European Parliament, and evidence that certain cyber-surveillance items have been misused by persons complicit in or responsible for directing or committing violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law in countries where such violations have been established, it is appropriate to control the export of those items. Controls should be based on clearly defined criteria. These measures should not go beyond what is necessary and proportionate. They should, in particular, not prevent the export of information and communication technology used for legitimate purposes, including law enforcement and network and internet security research for the purposes of authorised testing or the protection of information security systems. The Commission, in close consultations with the Member States and stakeholders, should make available guidelines to support the practical applications of those controls upon entry into force of this Regulation. Serious violations of human rights refer to situations as described in point 2.6 of Section 2 of Chapter 2 of the User’s Guide to Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP1a as endorsed by the Foreign Affairs Council on 20 July 2015.
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1a Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment (OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99).
Amendment 3
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6)  As a result, it is also appropriate to revise the definition of dual-use items, and to introduce a definition of cyber-surveillance technology. It should also be clarified that assessment criteria for the control of exports of dual-use items include considerations regarding their possible misuse in connection with acts of terrorism or human rights violations.
(6)  As a result, it is also appropriate to introduce a definition of cyber-surveillance items. It should also be clarified that assessment criteria for the control of exports of cyber-surveillance items take into account the direct and indirect impact of these items on human rights, as reflected in the User’s Guide to Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. A technical working group should be set up for the development of the assessment criteria, in cooperation with the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the Council Working Party on Human Rights (COHOM). In addition, an independent group of experts should be established within that technical working group. The assessment criteria should be publicly available and easily accessible.
Amendment 4
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6 a (new)
(6a)  With the aim to define cyber-surveillance technology, items to be covered by this Regulation should include the telecommunication interception equipment, intrusion software, monitoring centers, lawful interception systems and data retention systems connected with such interception systems, devices for the de-codification of encryption, the recovery of hard disks, the circumvention of passwords and the analysis of biometric data as well as IP network surveillance systems.
Amendment 5
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6 b (new)
(6b)  With regard to human rights assessment criteria, it is appropriate to refer to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the United Nations Human Rights Council Resolution on the Right to Privacy of 23 March 2017, the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ Framework, the Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy of 24 March 2017, the Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism of 21 February 2017 and the Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights Zakharov v. Russia of 4 December 2015;
Amendment 6
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7 a (new)
(7a)  Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a (General Data Protection Regulation) obliges data protection controllers and processors to implement technical measures to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk of processing, including by the encryption of personal data. Since that Regulation stipulates that it applies to the processing of personal data regardless of whether the processing takes place within the Union or not, there is a strong incentive for the Union to remove cryptography items from the control list in order to facilitate the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation, and increase the competitiveness of European businesses in this context. In addition, the current level of control on encryption runs counter to the fact that encryption is a key means to ensure that citizens, businesses and governments can protect their data against criminals and other malicious actors; to secure access to services that are crucial for the functioning of the Digital Single Market; and to enable secure communications, which are necessary to protect the right to privacy, the right to data protection and the freedom of expression, in particular of human rights defenders.
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1a Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation)
Amendment 7
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 9
(9)  The scope of "catch-all controls", that apply to non-listed dual use items in specific circumstances, should be clarified and harmonised, and should address the risk of terrorism and human rights violations. Appropriate exchange of information and consultations on "catch all controls" should ensure the effective and consistent application of controls throughout the Union. Targeted catch-all controls should also apply, under certain conditions, to the export of cyber-surveillance technology.
(9)  The scope of catch-all controls, that apply to non-listed cyber-surveillance items in specific circumstances, should be clarified and harmonised. Appropriate exchange of information and consultations on catch all controls should ensure the effective and consistent application of controls throughout the Union. Exchange of information should include support for the development of a public platform and the gathering of information from the private sector, public institutions and civil society organisations.
Amendment 8
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10
(10)  The definition of broker should be revised to avoid the circumvention of controls on the provision of brokering services by persons falling within the jurisdiction of the Union. Controls on the provision of brokering services should be harmonised to ensure their effective and consistent application throughout the Union and should also apply in order to prevent acts of terrorism and human rights violations.
(10)  The definition of broker should be revised to avoid the circumvention of controls on the provision of brokering services by persons falling within the jurisdiction of the Union. Controls on the provision of brokering services should be harmonised to ensure their effective and consistent application throughout the Union and should also apply in order to prevent human rights violations.
Amendment 9
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 11
(11)  With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it has been clarified that the supply of technical assistance services involving a cross-border movement falls under Union competence. It is therefore appropriate to clarify the controls applicable to technical assistance services, and to introduce a definition of those services. For reasons of effectiveness and consistency, controls on the supply of technical assistance services should be harmonised and apply also in order to prevent acts of terrorism and human rights violations.
(11)  With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it has been clarified that the supply of technical assistance services involving a cross-border movement falls under Union competence. It is therefore appropriate to clarify the controls applicable to technical assistance services, and to introduce a definition of those services. For reasons of effectiveness and consistency, controls prior to the supply of technical assistance services should be harmonised and apply also in order to prevent human rights violations.
Amendment 10
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 12
(12)  Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 provides for a possibility for Member States’ authorities to prohibit on a case-by-case basis the transit of non-Union dual-use items, where they have reasonable grounds for suspecting from intelligence or other sources that the items are or may be intended in their entirety or in part for proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or of their means of delivery. For reasons of effectiveness and consistency, transit controls should be harmonised and apply also in order to prevent acts of terrorism and human rights violations.
(12)  Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 provides for a possibility for Member States’ authorities to prohibit on a case-by-case basis the transit of non-Union dual-use items, where they have reasonable grounds for suspecting from intelligence or other sources that the items are or may be intended in their entirety or in part for proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or of their means of delivery. For reasons of effectiveness and consistency, transit controls should be harmonised and apply also in order to prevent human rights violations.
Amendment 11
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 13 a (new)
(13a)  Although the responsibility for deciding on individual, global and national export authorisations lies with the national authorities, an effective EU export control regime implies that economic operators, who intend to export items covered by this Regulation, exercise due diligence as set out, inter alia, in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Business Conduct, and the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights.
Amendment 12
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 14
(14)  A standard requirement for compliance in the form of "internal compliance programmes" should be introduced in order to contribute to the level-playing field between exporters and to enhance the effective application of controls. For reasons of proportionality, this requirement should apply to specific control modalities in the form of global authorisations and certain general export authorisations.
(14)  A standard requirement, definition and description for compliance in the form of internal compliance programmes as well as a possibility of being certified in order to obtain incentives in the authorisation process from the national competent authorities should be introduced in order to contribute to the level-playing field between exporters and to enhance the effective application of controls. For reasons of proportionality, this requirement should apply to specific control modalities in the form of global authorisations and certain general export authorisations.
Amendment 13
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 15
(15)  Additional Union general export authorisations should be introduced in order to reduce administrative burden on companies and authorities while ensuring an appropriate level of control of the relevant items to the relevant destinations. A global authorisation for large projects should also be introduced to adapt licensing conditions to the peculiar needs of industry.
(15)  Additional Union general export authorisations should be introduced in order to reduce administrative burden on companies, in particular SMEs, and authorities while ensuring an appropriate level of control of the relevant items to the relevant destinations. A global authorisation for large projects should also be introduced to adapt licensing conditions to the peculiar needs of industry.
Amendment 14
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 16 a (new)
(16a)  Considering the rapid advance of technological developments, it is appropriate that the Union introduces controls on certain types of cyber-surveillance technologies on the basis of a unilateral list, in Section B of Annex I. Given the importance of the multilateral export control system, Section B of Annex I should be limited in scope only to cyber-surveillance technologies and not contain any duplications with Section A of Annex I.
Amendment 15
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 17
(17)  Decisions to update the common list of dual-use items subject to export controls in Section A of Annex I should be in conformity with the obligations and commitments that Member States and the Union have accepted as members of the relevant international non-proliferation regimes and export control arrangements, or by ratification of relevant international treaties. Decisions to update the common list of dual-use items subject to export controls in Section B of Annex I, such as cyber-surveillance technology, should be made in consideration of the risks that the export of such items may pose as regards the commission of serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law or the essential security interests of the Union and its Member States. Decisions to update the common list of dual-use items subject to export controls in Section B of Annex IV should be made in consideration of the public policy and public security interests of the Member States under Article 36 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Decisions to update the common lists of items and destinations set out in Sections A to J of Annex II should be made in consideration of the assessment criteria set out in this Regulation.
(17)  Decisions to update the common list of dual-use items subject to export controls in Section A of Annex I should be in conformity with the obligations and commitments that Member States and the Union have accepted as members of the relevant international non-proliferation regimes and export control arrangements, or by ratification of relevant international treaties. Decisions to update the common list of cyber-surveillance items subject to export controls in Section B of Annex I, should be made in consideration of the risks that the export of such items may pose as regards their use for violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law in countries where such violations, especially regarding the freedom of expression, the freedom of assembly and the right to privacy, have been established, or the essential security interests of the Union and its Member States. Decisions to update the common list of dual-use items subject to export controls in Section B of Annex IV should be made in consideration of the public policy and public security interests of the Member States under Article 36 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Decisions to update the common lists of items and destinations set out in Sections A to J of Annex II should be made in consideration of the assessment criteria set out in this Regulation. Decisions to delete entire subcategories on cryptography and encryption, such as in Category 5 of Section A of Annex I or as in Section I of Annex II should be made in consideration of the Recommendation of 27 March 1997 of the OECD Council concerning Guidelines for Cryptography Policy.
Amendment 16
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 18
(18)  In order to allow for a swift Union response to changing circumstances as regards the assessment of the sensitivity of exports under Union General Export Authorisations as well as technological and commercial developments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of amending Section A of Annex I, Annex II and Section B of Annex IV to this Regulation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council should receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically should have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.
(18)  In order to allow for a swift Union response to changing circumstances as regards the assessment of the sensitivity of exports under Union General Export Authorisations as well as technological and commercial developments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of amending Sections A and B of Annex I, Annex II and Section B of Annex IV to this Regulation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council should receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically should have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated
Amendment 17
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 19 a (new)
(19a)   The risk of cyber theft and re-exportation to third countries, as referred to in Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, calls for the need to strengthen the provisions on dual-use items.
Amendment 18
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 21
(21)  Pursuant to and within the limits of Article 36 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and pending a greater degree of harmonisation, Member States retain the right to carry out controls on transfers of certain dual-use items within the Union in order to safeguard public policy or public security. For reasons of proportionality, controls on the transfer of dual-use items within the Union should be revised in order to minimise the burden for companies and authorities. Moreover, the list of items subject to intra-Union transfer controls in Section B of Annex IV should be periodically reviewed in light of technological and commercial developments and as regards the assessment of the sensitivity of transfers.
(21)  Pursuant to and within the limits of Article 36 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and pending a greater degree of harmonisation, Member States retain the right to carry out controls on transfers of certain dual-use items within the Union in order to safeguard public policy or public security. For reasons of proportionality, controls on the transfer of dual-use items within the Union should be revised in order to minimise the burden for companies, in particular SMEs, and authorities. Moreover, the list of items subject to intra-Union transfer controls in Section B of Annex IV should be periodically reviewed in light of technological and commercial developments and as regards the assessment of the sensitivity of transfers.
Amendment 19
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 22 a (new)
(22a)  Given the importance of accountability and public scrutiny of export control activities, Member States should make all relevant licensing data publicly available.
Amendment 20
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 25
(25)  Outreach to the private sector and transparency are essential elements for an effective export control regime. It is therefore appropriate to provide for the continued development of guidance to support the application of this Regulation and for the publication of an annual report on the implementation of controls, in line with current practice.
(25)  Outreach to the private sector, in particular to SMEs, and transparency are essential elements for an effective export control regime. It is therefore appropriate to provide for the continued development of guidelines to support the application of this Regulation and for the publication of an annual report on the implementation of controls, in line with current practice. Given the importance of guidelines for the interpretation of some elements of this Regulation, those guidelines should be publicly available when this Regulation enters into force.
Amendment 21
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 25 a (new)
(25a)  It should be ensured that the definitions set out in this Regulation are in accordance with the definitions in the Union Customs Code.
Amendment 22
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 27
(27)  Each Member State should determine effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties applicable in the event of breach of the provisions of this Regulation. It is also appropriate to introduce provisions to tackle specifically instances of illicit trafficking of dual-use items in order to support effective enforcement of controls.
(27)  Each Member State should determine effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties applicable in the event of breach of the provisions of this Regulation. The creation of a level playing field for Union exporters should be enhanced. Therefore, penalties for infringements of this Regulation should be similar in nature and effect in all Member States. It is also appropriate to introduce provisions to tackle specifically instances of illicit trafficking of dual-use items in order to support effective enforcement of controls.
Amendment 23
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 29
(29)  Export controls have an impact on international security and trade with third countries and it is therefore appropriate to develop dialogue and cooperation with third countries in order to support a global level-playing field and enhance international security.
(29)  Export controls have an impact on international security and trade with third countries and it is therefore appropriate to develop dialogue and cooperation with third countries in order to support a global level-playing field, promote upward convergence and enhance international security. To promote those goals, the Council, the Commission and Member States should, in close cooperation with the EEAS, pro-actively engage in the relevant international fora, including the Wassenaar Arrangement in order to establish the list of cyber-surveillance items set out in Section B of Annex I as an international standard. In addition, assistance to third countries with regard to the development of a dual-use items export control regime and appropriate administrative capacities should be strengthened and expanded, in particular with regard to customs.
Amendment 24
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 31
(31)  This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, notably the freedom to conduct business,
(31)  This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,
Amendment 25
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – point a
(a)  items which can be used for the design, development, production or use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their means of delivery, including all goods which can be used for both non-explosive uses and assisting in any way in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices;
(a)  traditional dual-use items meaning items, including software and hardware, which can be used for the design, development, production or use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their means of delivery, including all goods which can be used for both non-explosive uses and assisting in any way in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices;
Amendment 26
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – point b
(b)  cyber-surveillance technology which can be used for the commission of serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law, or can pose a threat to international security or the essential security interests of the Union and its Member States.
(b)  cyber-surveillance items including hardware, software and technology, which are specially designed to enable the covert intrusion into information and telecommunication systems and/or the monitoring, exfiltrating, collecting and analysing of data and/or incapacitating or damaging the targeted system without the specific, informed and unambiguous authorisation of the owner of the data, and which can be used in connection with the violation of human rights, including the right to privacy, the right to free speech and the freedom of assembly and association, or which can be used for the commission of serious violations of human rights law or international humanitarian law, or can pose a threat to international security or the essential security of the Union and its Members. Network and ICT security research for the purpose of authorised testing or the protection of information security systems shall be excluded.
Amendment 27
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 5 a (new)
5a.  ‘end-user’ shall mean any natural or legal person or entity that is the final recipient of a dual use item.
Amendment 28
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 13
13.  'large project authorisation' shall mean a global export authorisation granted to one specific exporter, in respect of a type or category of dual-use item which may be valid for exports to one or more specified end users in one or more specified third countries for the duration of a specified project the realisation of which exceeds one year;
13.  ‘large project authorisation’ shall mean a global export authorisation granted to one specific exporter, in respect of a type or category of dual-use item which may be valid for exports to one or more specified end users in one or more specified third countries for a specified project. It shall be valid for between one and four years, except in duly justified cases based on the duration of the project, and may be renewed by the competent authority;
Amendment 29
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22
22.  'internal compliance programme' shall mean effective, appropriate and proportionate means and procedures, including the development, implementation, and adherence to standardised operational compliance policies, procedures, standards of conduct, and safeguards, developed by exporters to ensure compliance with the provisions and with the terms and conditions of authorisations set out in this Regulation;
22.  ‘internal compliance programme’ (ICP) shall mean effective, appropriate and proportionate means and procedures (risk based approach), including the development, implementation, and adherence to standardised operational compliance policies, procedures, standards of conduct, and safeguards, developed by exporters to ensure compliance with the provisions and with the terms and conditions of authorisations set out in this Regulation; the exporter shall have the possibility, on a voluntary basis, to have its ICP certified free of charge by the competent authorities on the basis of a reference ICP established by the Commission, in order to obtain incentives in the authorisation process from the national competent authorities;
Amendment 30
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 23
23.  ‘terrorist act’ shall mean a terrorist act within the meaning of Article 1(3) of Common Position 2001/931/CFSP.
deleted
Amendment 31
Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 23 a (new)
23a.  ‘due diligence’ shall mean the process through which enterprises can identify, prevent, mitigate and account for how they address their actual and potential adverse impacts as an integral part of business decision-making and risk management systems;
Amendment 32
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point d
(d)  for use by persons complicit in or responsible for directing or committing serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law in situations of armed conflict or internal repression in the country of final destination, as identified by relevant public international institutions, or European or national competent authorities, and where there is evidence of the use of this or similar items for directing or implementing such serious violations by the proposed end-user;
(d)  with regard to cyber-surveillance items, for use by natural or legal persons in connection with violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law in countries where serious violations of human rights have been identified by the competent bodies of the UN, the Council of Europe, the Union, or national competent authorities, and there is reason to suspect that this or similar items may be used for the purpose of directing or implementing such violations by the proposed end-user;
Amendment 33
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point e
(e)  for use in connection with acts of terrorism.
deleted
Amendment 34
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 2
2.  If an exporter, under his obligation to exercise due diligence, is aware that dual-use items which he proposes to export, not listed in Annex I, are intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in paragraph 1, he must notify the competent authority, which will decide whether or not it is expedient to make the export concerned subject to authorisation.
2.  If an exporter, becomes aware while exercising due diligence that dual-use items not listed in Annex I which he or she proposes to export, may be intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in paragraph 1, he or she must notify the competent authority of the Member State in which he or she is established or resident in, which will decide whether or not it is expedient to make the export concerned subject to authorisation.
Amendment 35
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 3
3.  Authorisations for the export of non-listed items shall be granted for specific items and end-users. The authorisations shall be granted by the competent authority of the Member State where the exporter is resident or established or, in case when the exporter is a person resident or established outside the Union, by the competent authority of the Member State where the items are located. The authorisations shall be valid throughout the Union. The authorisations shall be valid for one year, and may be renewed by the competent authority.
3.  Authorisations for the export of non-listed items shall be granted for specific items and end-users. The authorisations shall be granted by the competent authority of the Member State where the exporter is resident or established or, in case when the exporter is a person resident or established outside the Union, by the competent authority of the Member State where the items are located. The authorisations shall be valid throughout the Union. The authorisations shall be valid for two years, and may be renewed by the competent authority.
Amendment 36
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2
If no objections are received, the Member States consulted shall be considered to have no objection and shall impose authorisations requirements for all "essentially similar transactions". They shall inform their customs administration and other relevant national authorities about the authorisations requirements .
If no objections are received, the Member States consulted shall be considered to have no objection and shall impose authorisations requirements for all essentially similar transactions meaning an item with essentially identical parameters or technical characteristics to the same end user or consignee. They shall inform their customs administration and other relevant national authorities about the authorisations requirements. The Commission shall publish in the Official Journal of the European Union a short description of the case, the reasoning of the decision and indicate, if applicable, the new authorisation requirement in a new Section E of Annex II.
Amendment 37
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 3
If objections are received from any consulted Member State, the requirement for authorisation shall be revoked unless the Member State which imposes the authorisation requirement considers that an export might prejudice its essential security interests. In that case, that Member State may decide to maintain the authorisation requirement. This should be notified to the Commission and the other Member States without delay.
If objections are received from at least four Member States representing at least 35 % of the population of the Union, the requirement for authorisation shall be revoked unless the Member State which imposes the authorisation requirement considers that an export might prejudice its essential security interests or its human rights obligations. In that case, that Member State may decide to maintain the authorisation requirement. This should be notified to the Commission and the other Member States without delay.
Amendment 38
Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 4
The Commission and the Member States will maintain an updated register of authorisation requirements in place.
The Commission and the Member States shall maintain an updated register of authorisation requirements in place. The data available in that register shall be included in the report to the European Parliament, referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 24, and shall be accessible to the public.
Amendment 39
Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 2
2.  If a broker is aware that the dual-use items for which he proposes brokering services are intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in Article 4(1), he must notify the competent authority which will decide whether or not it is expedient to make such brokering services subject to authorisation.
2.  If a broker is aware that the dual-use items for which he or she proposes brokering services are intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in Article 4(1), he or she must notify the competent authority which shall make such brokering services subject to authorisation.
Amendment 40
Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1
1.  An authorisation shall be required for the provision, directly or indirectly, of technical assistance related to dual-use items, or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of dual-use items, if the supplier of technical assistance has been informed by the competent authority that the items in question are or may be intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in Article 4.
1.  An authorisation shall be required for the provision, directly or indirectly, of technical assistance related to dual-use items, or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of dual-use items, if the supplier of technical assistance has been informed by the competent authority that the items in question are or may be intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 4.
Amendment 41
Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 2
If a supplier of technical assistance is aware that the dual-use items for which he proposes to supply technical assistance are intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in Article 4, he must notify the competent authority which will decide whether or not it is expedient to make such technical assistance subject to authorisation.
If a supplier of technical assistance is aware that the dual-use items for which he or she proposes to supply technical assistance are intended, in their entirety or in part, for any of the uses referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 4, he or she must notify the competent authority which shall make such technical assistance subject to authorisation.
Amendment 42
Proposal for a regulation
Article 8 – paragraph 1
1.  A Member State may prohibit or impose an authorisation requirement on the export of dual-use items not listed in Annex I for reasons of public security or for human rights considerations.
1.  A Member State may prohibit or impose an authorisation requirement on the export of dual-use items not listed in Annex I for reasons of public security, for human rights considerations or for the prevention of acts of terrorism.
Amendment 43
Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 7
7.  The relevant commercial documents relating to intra-Union transfers of dual-use items listed in Annex I shall indicate clearly that those items are subject to controls if exported from the Union. Relevant commercial documents include, in particular, any sales contract, order confirmation, invoice or dispatch note.
7.  The relevant commercial documents relating to exports to third countries and intra-Union transfers of dual-use items listed in Annex I shall indicate clearly that those items are subject to controls if exported from the Union. Relevant commercial documents include, in particular, any sales contract, order confirmation, invoice or dispatch note.
Amendment 44
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 3
3.  Individual export authorisations and global export authorisations shall be valid for one year, and may be renewed by the competent authority. Global export authorisations for large projects shall be valid for a duration to be determined by the competent authority.
3.  Individual export authorisations and global export authorisations shall be valid for two years, and may be renewed by the competent authority. Global export authorisations for large projects shall be valid for no longer than four years, except in duly justified circumstances based on the duration of the project. This does not prevent competent authorities from annulling, suspending, modifying or revoking individual or global export authorisations at any time.
Amendment 45
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1
Exporters shall supply the competent authority with all relevant information required for their applications for individual and global export authorisation so as to provide complete information in particular on the end user, the country of destination and the end use of the item exported.
Exporters shall supply the competent authority with all relevant information required for their applications for individual and global export authorisation so as to provide complete information in particular on the end user, the country of destination and the end use of the item exported. When dealing with governmental end-users, the information supplied shall specify which department, agency, unit or sub-unit will be the final end-user of the item exported.
Amendment 46
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2
Authorisations may be subject, if appropriate, to an end-use statement.
All authorisations for cyber-surveillance items, as well as individual export authorisations for items for which there exists a high risk of diversion or re-exportation under undesirable conditions, shall be subject to an end-use statement. Authorisations for other items shall be subject to an end-use statement if appropriate.
Amendment 47
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 3 – introductory part
Global export authorisations shall be subject to the implementation, by the exporter, of an effective internal compliance programme. The exporter shall also report to the competent authority, at least once a year, on the use of this authorisation; the report shall include at least the following information:
Global export authorisations shall be subject to the implementation, by the exporter, of an effective internal compliance programme. The exporter shall have the possibility, on a voluntary basis, to have its ICP certified free of charge by the competent authorities on the basis of a reference ICP established by the Commission, in order to obtain incentives in the authorisation process from the national competent authorities. The exporter shall also report to the competent authority, at least once a year, or on request of the competent authority, on the use of this authorisation; the report shall include at least the following information:
Amendment 48
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 3 – point d
(d)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(d)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 49
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 3 – point d a (new)
(da)  the name and address of the end-user, where known;
Amendment 50
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 3 – point d b (new)
(db)  the date on which the export took place.
Amendment 51
Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 5
5.  The competent authorities of the Member States shall process requests for individual or global authorisations within a period of time to be determined by national law or practice. The competent authorities shall provide to the Commission all information on the average times for processing applications for authorisations relevant for the preparation of the annual report referred to in Article 24(2).
5.  The competent authorities of the Member States shall process requests for individual or global authorisations within 30 days of the valid submission of the application. If the competent authority, for duly justified reasons, requires more time to process the application, it shall inform the applicant accordingly within 30 days. The competent authority shall, in any event, decide on applications for individual or global export authorisations, at the latest, within 60 days of valid submission of the application.
Amendment 52
Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
Where the broker or the supplier of technical assistance is not resident or established on the territory of the Union, authorisations for brokering services and technical assistance under this Regulation shall be granted, alternatively, by the competent authority of the Member State where the parent company of the broker or supplier of technical assistance is established, or from where the brokering services or technical assistance will be supplied.
Where the broker or the supplier of technical assistance is not resident or established on the territory of the Union, authorisations for brokering services and technical assistance under this Regulation shall be granted by the competent authority of the Member State from where the brokering services or technical assistance will be supplied. This includes brokering services and the supply of technical assistance by subsidiaries or joint ventures established in third countries but owned or controlled by companies established on the territory of the Union.
Amendment 53
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1.  In deciding whether or not to grant an individual or global export authorisation or to grant an authorisation for brokering services or technical assistance under this Regulation, or to prohibit a transit, the competent authorities of the Member States shall take into account the following criteria :
1.  In deciding whether or not to grant an individual or global export authorisation or to grant an authorisation for brokering services or technical assistance under this Regulation, or to prohibit a transit, the competent authorities of the Member States shall take into account all relevant considerations including:
Amendment 54
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a)  Union and Member States’ international obligations and commitments, in particular the obligations and commitments they have each accepted as members of the relevant international non-proliferation regimes and export control arrangements, or by ratification of relevant international treaties and their obligations under sanctions imposed by 2 a decision or a common position adopted by the Council or by a decision of the OSCE or by a binding resolution of the Security Council of the United Nations;
(a)  Union and Member States’ international obligations and commitments, in particular the obligations and commitments they have each accepted as members of the relevant international non-proliferation regimes and export control arrangements, or by ratification of relevant international treaties;
Amendment 55
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point a a (new)
(aa)  their obligations under sanctions imposed by a decision or a common position adopted by the Council or by a decision of the OSCE or by a binding resolution of the Security Council of the United Nations;
Amendment 56
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)
(ba)  the occurrence of violations of human rights law, fundamental freedoms and international humanitarian law in the country of final destination as has been established by the competent bodies of the UN, the Council of Europe or the Union;
Amendment 57
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point c
(c)  the internal situation in the country of final destination – competent authorities will not authorise exports that would provoke or prolong armed conflicts or aggravate existing tensions or conflicts in the country of final destination;
(c)  the internal situation in the country of final destination – competent authorities shall not authorise exports that would provoke or prolong armed conflicts or aggravate existing tensions or conflicts in the country of final destination;
Amendment 58
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)
(da)  the behaviour of the country of destination with regard to the international community, as regards in particular its attitude to terrorism, the nature of its alliances and respect for international law;
Amendment 59
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point d b (new)
(db)  compatibility of the exports of the items with regard to the technical and economic capacity of the recipient country;
Amendment 60
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point f
(f)  considerations about intended end use and the risk of diversion , including existence of a risk that the dual-use items will be diverted or re-exported under undesirable conditions.
(f)  considerations about intended end use and the risk of diversion, including existence of a risk that the dual-use, and in particular, cyber-surveillance items will be diverted or re-exported under undesirable conditions, or be diverted to unintended military end-use or to terrorism.
Amendment 61
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 1 a (new)
1a.  With regard to individual or global export authorisations or authorisations for brokering services or technical assistance for cyber-surveillance items, the competent authorities of the Member States shall in particular consider the risk of violation of the right to privacy, the right to data protection, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly and association, as well as risks relating to the rule of law, the legal framework for use of the items to be exported and the potential security risks for the Union and the Member States.
Where the competent authorities of a Member State come to the conclusion that the existence of such risks is likely to lead to serious violations of human rights, Member States shall not grant export authorisations or shall annul, suspend, modify or revoke existing authorisations.
Amendment 62
Proposal for a regulation
Article 14 – paragraph 2
2.  The Commission and the Council shall make available guidance and/or recommendations to ensure common risk assessments by the competent authorities of the Member States for the implementation of those criteria.
2.  The Commission and the Council shall make available guidelines, upon entry into force of this Regulation, to ensure common risk assessments by the competent authorities of the Member States for the implementation of those criteria and with a view to provide uniform criteria for licensing decisions. The Commission shall prepare guidelines in the form of a handbook detailing the steps to be followed by Member State competent licensing authorities and exporters exercising due diligence with practical recommendations on the implementation and compliance with the controls pursuant to point d of the first paragraph of Article 4 and the criteria listed in the first paragraph of Article 14, including examples of best practices. That handbook shall be developed in close cooperation with the EEAS and the Dual Use Coordination Group and shall involve external expertise from academics, exporters, brokers and civil society organizations, in accordance with procedures set out in paragraph 3 of Article 21 and shall be updated as is deemed necessary and appropriate.
The Commission shall establish a capacity-building programme by developing common training programmes for officials from licensing and customs enforcement authorities.
Amendment 63
Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point b
(b)  The list of dual-use items set out in Section B of Annex I may be amended if this is necessary due to risks that the export of such items may pose as regards the commission of serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law or the essential security interests of the Union and its Member States.
(b)  The list of cyber-surveillance items set out in Section B of Annex I shall be amended if this is necessary due to risks that the export of such items may pose as regards the commission of serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law or the essential security interests of the Union and its Member States or if controls for a significant amount of unlisted items have been triggered pursuant to point d of the first paragraph of Article 4 of this Regulation. Amendments may also concern decisions to delist products already listed.
Where imperative grounds of urgency require a removal or addition of specific items in Section B of Annex I, the procedure provided for in Article 17 shall apply to delegated acts adopted pursuant to this point.
Amendment 64
Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point b a (new)
(ba)   The Commission may remove items from the list, in particular if, as the result of the fast-changing technological environment, those items have become lower tier or mass market products, which are easily available or technically easily modifiable.
Amendment 65
Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 2 a (new)
2a.  Section B of Annex I shall be limited in scope to cyber-surveillance items and shall not contain items listed in Section A of Annex I;
Amendment 66
Proposal for a regulation
Article 18 – paragraph 5
5.  The Commission, in cooperation with the Member States, shall develop a guidance to support interagency cooperation between licensing and customs authorities.
5.  The Commission, in cooperation with the Member States, shall develop guidelines to support interagency cooperation between licensing and customs authorities.
Amendment 67
Proposal for a regulation
Article 20 – paragraph 2 – point a
(a)  information regarding the application of controls, including licensing data (number, value and types of licences and related destinations, number of users of general and global authorisations, number of operators with ICPs, processing times, volume and value of trade subject to intra-EU transfers etc), and, where available, data on exports of dual-use items carried out in other Member States;
(a)  all information regarding the application of controls;
Amendment 68
Proposal for a regulation
Article 20 – paragraph 2 – point b
(b)  information regarding the enforcement of controls, including details of exporters deprived of the right to use the national or Union general export authorisations, reports of violations, seizures and the application of other penalties ;
(b)  all information regarding the enforcement of controls, including details of exporters deprived of the right to use the national or Union general export authorisations, any reports of violations, seizures and the application of other penalties ;
Amendment 69
Proposal for a regulation
Article 20 – paragraph 2 – point c
(c)  data on sensitive end users, actors involved in suspicious procurement activities, and, where available, routes taken.
(c)  all data on sensitive end users, actors involved in suspicious procurement activities, and routes taken.
Amendment 70
Proposal for a regulation
Article 21 – paragraph 2
2.  The Chair of the Dual-Use Coordination Group shall, whenever it considers it to be necessary, consult exporters, brokers and other relevant stakeholders concerned by this Regulation.
2.  The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall, whenever it considers it to be necessary, consult exporters, brokers and other relevant stakeholders concerned by this Regulation.
Amendment 71
Proposal for a regulation
Article 21 – paragraph 3
3.  The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall, where appropriate, set up technical expert groups composed of experts from Member States to examine specific issues relating to the implementation of controls, including issues relating to the updating of the Union control lists in Annex I. Technical expert groups shall, where appropriate, consult exporters, brokers and other relevant stakeholders concerned by this Regulation.
3.  The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall, where appropriate, set up technical expert groups composed of experts from Member States to examine specific issues relating to the implementation of controls, including issues relating to the updating of the Union control lists in Section B of Annex I. Technical expert groups shall consult exporters, brokers, civil society organisations and other relevant stakeholders concerned by this Regulation. The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall in particular establish a technical working group on assessment criteria as referred in the point d of the first paragraph of Article 4 and point b of the first paragraph of Article 14 and on the elaboration of the guidelines for due diligence in consultation with an independent group of experts, academics and civil society organisations.
Amendment 72
Proposal for a regulation
Article 22 – paragraph 1
1.  Each Member State shall take appropriate measures to ensure proper enforcement of all the provisions of this Regulation. In particular, it shall lay down the penalties applicable to infringements of the provisions of this Regulation or of those adopted for its implementation. Those penalties must be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.
1.  Each Member State shall take appropriate measures to ensure proper enforcement of all the provisions of this Regulation. In particular, it shall lay down the penalties applicable to infringements, the facilitation of infringements and circumvention of the provisions of this Regulation or of those adopted for its implementation. Those penalties must be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. The measures shall include regular risk-based audits of exporters.
Amendment 73
Proposal for a regulation
Article 22 – paragraph 2
2.  The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall set up an Enforcement Coordination Mechanism with a view to establish direct cooperation and exchange of information between competent authorities and enforcement agencies.
2.  The Dual-Use Coordination Group shall set up an Enforcement Coordination Mechanism with a view to establish direct cooperation and exchange of information between competent authorities and enforcement agencies and to provide for uniform criteria for licensing decisions. Upon assessment by the Commission of the rules on penalties laid down by Member States, that mechanism shall provide for ways to make penalties for infringements of this Regulation similar in nature and effect.
Amendment 74
Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1
1.  The Commission and the Council shall, where appropriate, make available guidance and/or recommendations for best practices for the subjects referred to in this Regulation to ensure the efficiency of the Union export control regime and the consistency of its implementation. The competent authorities of the Member States shall also, where appropriate, provide complementary guidance for exporters, brokers and transit operators resident or established in that Member State.
1.  The Commission and the Council shall, where appropriate, make available guidelines for best practices for the subjects referred to in this Regulation to ensure the efficiency of the Union export control regime and the consistency of its implementation. The competent authorities of the Member States shall also, where appropriate, provide complementary guidance for exporters, in particular SMEs, brokers and transit operators resident or established in that Member State.
Amendment 75
Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2
Member States shall provide to the Commission all appropriate information for the preparation of the report. This annual report shall be public.
Member States shall provide to the Commission all appropriate information for the preparation of the report. This annual report shall be public. Member States shall also disclose publicly, at least quarterly and in an easily accessible manner, meaningful information on each license with regard to the type of license, the value, the volume, nature of equipment, a description of the product, the end user and end use, the country of destination, as well as information regarding approval or denial of the license request. Commission and Member States shall take into account the legitimate interests of natural and legal persons concerned that their business secrets should not be divulged.
Amendment 76
Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1
Between five and seven years after the date of application of this Regulation, the Commission shall carry out an evaluation of this Regulation and report on the main findings to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee.
Between five and seven years after the date of application of this Regulation, the Commission shall carry out an evaluation of this Regulation and report on the main findings to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee. This evaluation shall include a proposal on the deletion of Cryptography in Part 2 of Category 5 of Section A of Annex I.
Amendment 77
Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 1 – point d
(d)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(d)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 78
Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 3
3.  The registers or records and the documents referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be kept for at least three years from the end of the calendar year in which the export took place or the brokering or technical assistance services were provided. They shall be produced, on request, to the competent authority.
3.  The registers or records and the documents referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be kept for at least five years from the end of the calendar year in which the export took place or the brokering or technical assistance services were provided. They shall be produced, on request, to the competent authority.
Amendment 79
Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 1
1.  The Commission and the competent authorities of the Member States shall, where appropriate, maintain regular and reciprocal exchange of information with third countries.
1.  The Commission and the competent authorities of the Member States shall engage, where appropriate, in relevant international organisations, such as the OECD and those multilateral export control regimes in which they participate to promote international adherence to the list of cyber-surveillance items subject to export controls in Section B of Annex I and, where appropriate, maintain regular and reciprocal exchange of information with third countries, including in the context of the dialogue on dual-use items provided for in the Union's partnership and cooperation agreements and strategic partnership agreements, engage in capacity-building and in promoting upward convergence. The Commission shall report annually to the European Parliament on such outreach activities.
Amendment 80
Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – Section A – DEFINITIONS OF TERMS USED IN THIS ANNEX
“Intrusion software” (4) means “software” specially designed or modified to avoid detection by ‘monitoring tools’, or to defeat ‘protective countermeasures’, of a computer or network-capable device, and performing any of the following:
“Intrusion software” (4) means “software” specially designed or modified to be run or installed without ‘authorisation’ from owners or ‘administrators’ of computers or network-capable devices, and performing any of the following:
a.  The extraction of data or information, from a computer or network-capable device, or the modification of system or user data; or
a.  The unauthorised extraction of data or information, from a computer or network-capable device, or the modification of system or user data; or
b.  The modification of the standard execution path of a program or process in order to allow the execution of externally provided instructions.
b.  The modification of system or user data to facilitate access to data stored on a computer or network-capable device by parties other than parties authorised by the owner of the computer or network-capable device.
Notes:
Notes:
1.  “Intrusion software” does not include any of the following:
1.  “Intrusion software” does not include any of the following:
a.  Hypervisors, debuggers or Software Reverse Engineering (SRE) tools;
a.  Hypervisors, debuggers or Software Reverse Engineering (SRE) tools;
b.  Digital Rights Management (DRM) “software”; or
b.  Digital Rights Management (DRM) “software”; or
c.  “Software” designed to be installed by manufacturers, administrators or users, for the purposes of asset tracking or recovery.
c.  “Software” designed to be installed by administrators or users, for the purposes of asset tracking, asset recovery or ‘ICT security testing’
ca.  “Software” that is distributed with the express purpose of helping detect, remove, or prevent its execution on computers or network-capable devices of unauthorised parties.
2.  Network-capable devices include mobile devices and smart meters.
2.  Network-capable devices include mobile devices and smart meters.
Technical Notes:
Technical Notes:
1.  ‘Monitoring tools’: “software” or hardware devices that monitor system behaviours or processes running on a device. This includes antivirus (AV) products, end point security products, Personal Security Products (PSP), Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) or firewalls.
1.  ‘Authorisation’: the informed consent of the user (i.e. an affirmative indication of comprehension regarding the nature, implications, and future consequences of an action, and agreement to the execution of that action).
2.  ‘Protective countermeasures’: techniques designed to ensure the safe execution of code, such as Data Execution Prevention (DEP), Address Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR) or sandboxing.
2.  ‘ICT security testing’: discovery and assessment of static or dynamic risk, vulnerability, error, or weakness affecting “software”, networks, computers, network-capable devices, and components or dependencies therefor, for the demonstrated purpose of mitigating factors detrimental to safe and secure operation, use or deployment.
Amendment 81
Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – Section B – title
B.  LIST OF OTHER DUAL-USE ITEMS
B.  LIST OF CYBER-SURVEILLANCE ITEMS
Amendment 82
Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – Section B – category 10 – point 10A001 – Technical note – point e a (new)
(ea)  network and security research for the purposes of authorised testing or the protection of information security systems.
Amendment 83
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section A – part 3 – paragraph 3
3.  Any exporter intending to use this authorisation shall register prior to the first use of this authorisation with the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authority to the exporter within ten working days of receipt.
3.  A Member State may require exporters established in that Member State to register prior to the first use of this authorisation. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authorities to the exporter without delay and in any case within 10 working days of receipt.
Amendment 84
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section A – part 3 – paragraph 4
4.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established, no later than 10 days before the date of the first export.
4.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he or she is resident or established no later than 30 days after the date when the first export took place.
Amendment 85
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section A – part 3 – paragraph 5 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 86
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section B – part 3 – paragraph 3
3.  Any exporter intending to use this authorisation shall register prior to the first use of this authorisation with the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authority to the exporter within 10 working days of receipt.
3.  A Member State may require exporters established in that Member State to register prior to the first use of this authorisation. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authorities to the exporter without delay and in any case within 10 working days of receipt.
Amendment 87
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section B – part 3 – paragraph 5 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 88
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section C – part 3 – paragraph 5
5.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established, no later than 10 days before the date of the first export.
5.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he or she is resident or established, no later than 30 days after the date when the first export took place or, alternatively, and in accordance with a requirement by the competent authority of the Member State where the exporter is established, prior to the first use of that authorisation. Member States shall notify the Commission of the notification mechanism chosen for that authorisation. The Commission shall publish the information notified to it in the C series of the Official Journal of the European Union.
Amendment 89
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section C – part 3 – paragraph 6 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 90
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section D – part 3 – paragraph 6
6.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established, no later than 10 days before the date of the first export.
6.  The registered exporter shall notify the first use of this authorisation to the competent authority of the Member State where he or she is resident or established no later than 30 days after the date when the first export took place or, alternatively, and in accordance with a requirement by the competent authority of the Member State where the exporter is established, prior to the first use of this authorisation. Member States shall notify the Commission of the notification mechanism chosen for this authorisation. The Commission shall publish the information notified to it in the C series of the Official Journal of the European Union.
Amendment 91
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section D – part 3 – paragraph 7 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 92
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section F – part 3 – paragraph 5 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 93
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section G – part 3 – paragraph 8 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
Amendment 94
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section H – part 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part and point 1
1.  This authorisation authorises the transmission of the software and technology listed in Part 1 by any exporter resident or established in a Member State of the Union provided the item is only for use:
1.  That authorisation authorises the transmission of the software and technology listed in Part 1 by any company that is an exporter resident or established in a Member State to any sister company, subsidiary or parent company provided those entities are owned or controlled by the same parent company or are established in a Member State, provided the item in question is for use for company cooperation projects including commercial product development, research, servicing, production and usage and, in the case of employees and order processors, pursuant to the agreement establishing the employment relationship.
(1)  by the exporter or by any entity owned or controlled by the exporter;
Amendment 95
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section H – part 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2
(2)  by employees of the exporter or of any entity owned or controlled by the exporter
deleted
Amendment 96
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section H – part 3 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
in its or their own commercial product development activities and, in the case of employees, pursuant to the agreement establishing the employment relationship.
deleted
Amendment 97
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section I – part 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1
Any exporter intending to use this authorisation shall register prior to the first use of this authorisation with the competent authority of the Member State where he is resident or established. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authority to the exporter within 10 working days of receipt.
A Member State may require exporters established in that Member State to register prior to the first use of this authorisation. Registration shall be automatic and acknowledged by the competent authorities to the exporter without delay and in any case within 10 working days of receipt.
Amendment 98
Proposal for a regulation
Annex II – Section J – part 3 – paragraph 5 – point 4
(4)  where known, the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.
(4)  the end-use and end-user of the dual-use items.

(1) The matter was referred back for interinstitutional negotiations to the committee responsible, pursuant to Rule 59(4), fourth subparagraph (A8-0390/2017).

Last updated: 6 November 2018Legal notice