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Procedure : 2018/0166R(APP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0358/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0358/2018

Debates :

PV 13/11/2018 - 2
CRE 13/11/2018 - 2

Votes :

PV 14/11/2018 - 14.1
CRE 14/11/2018 - 14.1
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0449

Texts adopted
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Wednesday, 14 November 2018 - Strasbourg Provisional edition
Interim report on the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 – Parliament's position with a view to an agreement
P8_TA-PROV(2018)0449A8-0358/2018
Resolution
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex

European Parliament resolution of 14 November 2018 on the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 – Parliament’s position with a view to an agreement (COM(2018)0322 – C8-0000/2018 – 2018/0166R(APP))

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Articles 311, 312 and 323 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 2 May 2018 entitled ‘A Modern Budget for a Union that Protects, Empowers and Defends – The Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027’ (COM(2018)0321),

–  having regard to the Commission proposal of 2 May 2018 for a Council regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027 (COM(2018)0322), and the Commission proposals of 2 May 2018 on the system of Own Resources of the European Union (COM(2018)0325, COM(2018)0326, COM(2018)0327 and COM(2018)0328),

–  having regard to the Commission proposal of 2 May 2018 for an Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management (COM(2018)0323),

–  having regard to the Commission proposal of 2 May 2018 for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of the Union’s budget in case of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in the Member States (COM(2018)0324),

–  having regard to its resolutions of 14 March 2018 on ‘The next MFF: preparing the Parliament’s position on the MFF post-2020’ and on the reform of the European Union’s system of own resources(1),

–  having regard to its resolution of 30 May 2018 on the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework and own resources(2),

–  having regard to the ratification of the Paris Agreement by the European Parliament on 4 October 2016(3) and by the Council on 5 October 2016(4),

–  having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution 70/1 of 25 September 2015 entitled ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’, which entered into force on 1 January 2016,

–  having regard to the EU’s collective commitment to achieve the target of spending 0,7 % of gross national income (GNI) on official development assistance (ODA) within the time frame of the post-2015 agenda,

–  having regard to its resolution of 19 January 2017 on a European Pillar of Social Rights(5),

–  having regard to Rule 99(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the interim report of the Committee on Budgets, the opinions of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Development, the Committee on International Trade, the Committee on Budgetary Control, the position in the form of amendments of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, the opinions of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, the Committee on Transport and Tourism, the Committee on Regional Development, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, the Committee on Culture and Education, the Committee on Constitutional Affairs and the position in the form of amendments of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (A8-0358/2018),

A.  whereas, pursuant to Article 311 TFEU, the Union must provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry through its policies;

B.  whereas the current multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2014-2020 was established, for the first time, at a lower level than its predecessor in terms of both commitment and payment appropriations; whereas the late adoption of the MFF and the sectoral legislative acts had a very negative impact on the implementation of the new programmes;

C.  whereas the MFF quickly proved its inadequacy in responding to a series of crises, new international commitments and new political challenges that were not integrated and/or anticipated at the time of adoption; whereas, for the purposes of securing the necessary funding, the MFF was pushed to its limits including an unprecedented recourse to the flexibility provisions and special instruments, after exhausting the available margins; whereas high-priority EU programmes on research and infrastructure were even cut a mere two years after their adoption;

D.  whereas the MFF mid-term revision launched at the end of 2016 proved to be imperative in broadening the potential of the existing flexibility provisions, while falling short of revising the MFF ceilings; whereas this revision was assessed positively by both Parliament and the Council;

E.  whereas the establishment of the new MFF will be a critical moment for the Union of 27, as it will provide for the possibility to endorse a common, long-term vision and decide on the future political priorities as well as the ability of the Union to deliver them; whereas the 2021-2027 MFF should provide the Union with the necessary resources to boost sustainable economic growth, research and innovation, empower young people, effectively address the challenges of migration, fight unemployment, persistent poverty and social exclusion, further strengthen economic, social and territorial cohesion, address sustainability, biodiversity loss and climate change, strengthen the EU’s security and defence, protect its external border and support the neighbourhood countries;

F.  whereas, in light of the global challenges that Member States cannot address alone, it should be possible to acknowledge European common goods and to assess areas where European spending would be more effective than national spending in order to transfer the corresponding financial resources to Union level and, therefore, to strengthen the Union’s strategic importance without necessarily increasing overall public expenditure;

G.  whereas on 2 May 2018, the Commission presented a set of legislative proposals on the 2021-2027 MFF and EU Own Resources, followed by legislative proposals for the setting-up of new EU programmes and instruments;

1.  Stresses that the 2021-2027 MFF must guarantee the Union’s responsibility for and ability to meet emerging needs, additional challenges and new international commitments, and attain its political priorities and objectives; points to the serious problems linked to the underfinancing of the 2014-2020 MFF, and reiterates the necessity of avoiding a repetition of previous mistakes by securing, from the outset, a strong and credible EU budget for the benefit of citizens over the next seven-year period;

2.  Considers that the Commission proposals on the 2021-2027 MFF and the Union’s Own Resources system represent the starting-point for the upcoming negotiations; expresses its position on these proposals, in anticipation of the Council’s negotiating mandate which is not yet available;

3.  Underlines that the Commission proposal regarding the global level of the next MFF, set at 1,08 % of the EU-27 GNI (1,11 % after the integration of the European Development Fund), represents, in terms of GNI percentage, a reduction in real terms compared to the current MFF; considers that the proposed level of the MFF will not allow the Union to deliver on its political commitments and respond to the important challenges ahead; intends, therefore, to negotiate the necessary increase;

4.  Declares, moreover, its opposition to any reduction in the level of long-standing EU policies enshrined in the Treaties, such as cohesion policy and the common agricultural and fisheries policies; is particularly opposed to any radical cuts that will have an adverse impact on the very nature and objectives of these policies, such as the cuts proposed for the Cohesion Fund or for the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development; opposes, in this context, the proposal to reduce the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) despite its enlarged scope, and the integration of four existing social programmes, notably the Youth Employment Initiative;

5.  Underlines, furthermore, the importance of the horizontal principles that should underpin the MFF and all related EU policies; reaffirms, in this context, its position that the EU must deliver on its commitment to be a front-runner in implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and deplores the lack of a clear and visible commitment to that end in the MFF proposals; requests, therefore, the mainstreaming of the Sustainable Development Goals in all EU policies and initiatives of the next MFF; further emphasises that all programmes under the next MFF should be in line with the Charter of Fundamental Rights; highlights the importance of delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights, on the elimination of discrimination, including against LGBTI persons, and on the creation of a portfolio for minorities, including Roma, all of which are vital to fulfilling the EU’s commitments towards an inclusive Europe; underlines that, in order to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement, the EU’s contribution to the climate objectives target should reach at least 25 % of expenditure over the MFF 2021-2027 period, and 30 % as soon as possible, at the latest by 2027;

6.  Regrets, in this context, that despite the joint statement on gender mainstreaming annexed to the 2014-2020 MFF Regulation, no significant progress has been made in this area, and that the Commission took no account of its implementation in the MFF mid-term review; deeply regrets that gender mainstreaming has been completely sidelined in the MFF proposal, and deplores the lack of clear gender equality goals, requirements and indicators in the proposals on the relevant EU policies; calls for the annual budgetary procedures to evaluate and integrate the full impact of EU policies on gender equality (gender budgeting); expects a renewed commitment by Parliament, the Council and the Commission to gender mainstreaming in the next MFF, and its effective monitoring, including during the MFF mid-term revision;

7.  Underlines that increased accountability, simplification, visibility, transparency and performance-based budgeting must underpin the next MFF; recalls, in this context, the need to strengthen the focus of future spending on performance and results, based on ambitious and relevant performance targets and a comprehensive and shared definition of European added value; asks the Commission, taking into account the above‑mentioned horizontal principles, to streamline performance reporting, to extend it to a qualitative approach that includes environmental and social indicators, and to clearly present information on the main EU challenges still to be tackled;

8.  Is conscious of the serious challenges that the Union is facing and fully assumes its responsibility to secure, in a timely manner, a budget that is commensurate to the needs, expectations and concerns of EU citizens; stands ready to enter immediately into negotiations with the Council, in order to improve the Commission proposals and build a realistic MFF;

9.  Recalls that Parliament’s position is already clearly set out in its resolutions of 14 March and 30 May 2018, which constitute its political stance for the 2021-2027 MFF and Own Resources; recalls that these resolutions were adopted by very large majorities, which demonstrate Parliament’s unity and readiness for the upcoming negotiations;

10.  Expects, therefore, that the MFF will be placed at the top of the Council’s political agenda, and regrets that no significant progress has been observed so far; believes that the regular meetings between the successive Council presidencies and Parliament’s negotiating team should be stepped up and pave the way for official negotiations; expects that a good agreement will be reached prior to the 2019 European Parliament elections, in order to avoid serious setbacks for the launch of the new programmes due to the late adoption of the financial framework, as has been experienced in the past; underlines that this timetable will allow the newly elected European Parliament to adjust the 2021-2027 MFF during the mandatory mid-term revision;

11.  Recalls that revenue and expenditure should be treated as a single package in the upcoming negotiations; stresses, therefore, that no agreement can be reached on the future MFF without corresponding progress being made on the Union’s new Own Resources;

12.  Stresses that all elements of the MFF/Own Resources package, and notably the MFF figures, should remain on the negotiating table until a final agreement is reached; recalls, in this respect, Parliament’s critical stance on the procedure leading to the adoption of the current MFF Regulation and the dominant role that the European Council assumed in this process by deciding irrevocably on a number of elements, including the MFF ceilings and several sectoral policy-related provisions breaching both the spirit and the letter of the treaties; is particularly concerned that the first elements of the MFF ‘negotiating boxes’ prepared by the Council presidency follow the same logic, and contain issues to be co-decided between the Council and Parliament in the adoption of legislation setting up new EU programmes; intends, therefore, to adjust its own strategy accordingly;

13.  Considers that the unanimity requirement for the adoption and revision of the MFF Regulation represents a true impediment to the process; calls on the European Council to activate the passerelle clause provided for in Article 312(2) TFEU, so as to allow the Council to adopt the MFF Regulation by qualified majority;

14.  Adopts the present resolution with the purpose of outlining its negotiating mandate on every aspect of the Commission proposals, including concrete amendments both to the proposed MFF Regulation and to the Interinstitutional Agreement (IIA); presents, furthermore, a table with figures for each EU policy and programme, based on Parliament’s positions, already adopted in previous MFF resolutions; stresses that these figures will also be part of the mandate of Parliament for the upcoming legislative negotiations leading to the adoption of the EU programmes for the period 2021-2027;

A.MFF-RELATED REQUESTS

15.  Requests, therefore, that the Council takes due account of the following positions of Parliament in the interests of achieving a positive outcome of the 2021-2027 MFF negotiations and acquiring Parliament’s consent in accordance with Article 312 TFEU;

Figures

16.  Reconfirms its formal position that the level of the 2021-2027 MFF should be set at EUR 1 324.1 billion in 2018 prices, representing 1,3 % of the EU-27 GNI, in order to ensure the necessary level of funding for key EU policies that will enable them to fulfil their mission and objectives;

17.  Calls, in this context, for the following level of funding to be secured for EU programmes and policies, presented in an order that reflects the MFF structure, as proposed by the Commission, and replicated in the detailed table (Annexes III and IV to the present resolution); calls for the relevant commitment and payment ceilings to be adjusted accordingly, as set out in Annexes I and II to the present resolution:

   i. Increase the budget for Horizon Europe to reach EUR 120 billion in 2018 prices;
   ii. Increase the allocation for the InvestEU Fund, so that it better reflects the 2014-2020 level of the financial instruments integrated into the new programme;
   iii. Increase the level of funding for transport infrastructure through the Connecting Europe Facility programme (CEF-Transport);
   iv. Double the specific funding for SMEs (compared to COSME) in the single market programme, with the aim of enhancing their access to markets, improving business conditions and the competitiveness of enterprises, and promoting entrepreneurship;
   v. Further increase the single market programme to finance a new objective on market surveillance;
   vi. Double the proposed level of funding for the EU anti-fraud programme, and increase the level of funding for the FISCALIS programme;
   vii. Introduce a specific allocation for sustainable tourism;
   viii. Further reinforce the European space programme, notably to reinforce SSA / GOVSATCOM as well as Copernicus;
   ix. Maintain the financing of cohesion policy for the EU-27 at the level of the 2014-2020 budget in real terms;
   x. Double the resources for tackling youth unemployment in the ESF+ (compared to the current Youth Employment Initiative), while ensuring the scheme’s effectiveness and added value;
   xi. Introduce a specific allocation (EUR 5.9 billion) for the Child Guarantee, in order to tackle child poverty both within the EU and through its external actions;
   xii. Triple the current budget for the Erasmus+ programme;
   xiii. Secure a sufficient level of funding for the DiscoverEU programme (Interrail);
   xiv. Increase the current funding for the Creative Europe programme;
   xv. Increase the current funding for the Rights and Values programme and introduce a specific allocation for a new Union values strand (at least EUR 500 million), in order to support civil society organisations which promote fundamental values and democracy within the EU at local and national level;
   xvi. Maintain the financing of the common agricultural policy (CAP) for the EU-27 at the level of the 2014-2020 budget in real terms while budgeting the initial amount of the agricultural reserve;
   xvii. Reinforce by 10 % the level of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, in accordance with its new mission on the blue economy;
   xviii. Double the current funding for the Life+ programme, including dedicated envelopes for biodiversity and the management of the Natura 2000 network;
   xix. Introduce a specific allocation (EUR 4.8 billion) for a new Just Energy Transition Fund to address societal, socio-economic and environmental impacts on workers and communities adversely affected by the transition from coal and carbon dependence;
   xx. Reinforce the instrument(s) in support of neighbourhood and development policies (EUR 3.5 billion) to further contribute to the financing of an investment plan for Africa;
   xxi. Reinstate at least the 2020 level for all agencies, while defending the higher level proposed by the Commission, including for the agencies, which have been granted new competences and responsibilities, and calling for a comprehensive approach on fee-financing;
   xxii. Maintain the level of 2014-2020 funding for several EU programmes (e.g. nuclear decommissioning, cooperation with the overseas countries and territories (OCTs)), including those for which it is proposed that they be merged into larger programmes (e.g. assistance for the most deprived, health, consumer rights) and for which the Commission proposal thus represents a reduction in real terms;
   xxiii. Set, subject to the above‑mentioned changes, the financial envelopes of all other programmes at the level proposed by the Commission, including for CEF-Energy, CEF-Digital, the Digital Europe programme, the European Defence Fund and humanitarian aid;

18.  Intends to secure a sufficient level of funding on the basis of the Commission proposal for ‘Migration and Border Management’ (heading 4) and ‘Security and Defence’ including Crisis Response (heading 5); reaffirms its long-standing position that additional political priorities should be coupled with additional financial means, in order not to undermine existing policies and programmes and their financing under the new MFF;

19.  Intends to defend the Commission proposal on securing a sufficient level of funding for a strong, efficient and high-quality European public administration at the service of all Europeans; recalls that, during the current MFF, the EU institutions, bodies and decentralised agencies have implemented a 5 % reduction in staff, and believes that they should not be subject to any further reduction that would directly jeopardise the delivery of Union policies; reiterates, once more, its fierce opposition towards a repetition of the so-called redeployment pool for agencies;

20.  Is determined to prevent another payment crisis in the first years of the 2021-2027 MFF, as was the case during the current period; considers that the overall payment ceiling must take into account the unprecedented volume of outstanding commitments at the end of 2020, the estimated size of which is constantly growing due to major implementation delays, and which will need to be settled under the next MFF; demands, therefore, that the global level of payments, as well as the annual payment ceilings, particularly at the beginning of the period, are set at an appropriate level that also takes due account of this situation; intends to accept only a limited and well-justified gap between commitments and payments for the next MFF;

21.  Presents, on this basis, a table in Annexes III and IV to the present resolution setting out the exact figures proposed for each EU policy and programme; states that, for purposes of comparison, it intends to keep the structure of the individual EU programmes as proposed by the Commission, without any prejudice to possible changes that may be requested during the legislative procedure leading to the adoption of these programmes;

Mid-term revision

22.  Underlines the need to maintain an MFF mid-term revision, building on the positive precedent set in the current framework, and calls for:

   i. a compulsory and legally binding mid-term revision, following a review of the functioning of the MFF, and taking into account an assessment of the progress made towards the climate target, the mainstreaming of the Sustainable Development Goals and gender equality, and the impact of simplification measures on beneficiaries;
   ii. the relevant Commission proposal to be presented in time for the next Parliament and Commission to conduct a meaningful adjustment of the 2021-2027 framework, and no later than 1 July 2023;
   iii. the pre-allocated national envelopes not to be reduced through this revision;

Flexibility

23.  Welcomes the Commission’s proposals on flexibility, which represent a good basis for the negotiations; agrees with the overall architecture of the flexibility mechanisms in the 2021-2027 MFF; stresses that the special instruments have different missions and respond to different needs, and opposes any attempts to merge them; strongly supports the clear provision that both commitment and payment appropriations deriving from the use of special instruments should be entered in the budget over and above the relevant MFF ceilings, as well as the removal of any capping to the adjustments flowing from the global margin for payments; calls for a number of additional improvements to be introduced, inter alia the following:

   i. the replenishment of the Union reserve with an amount equivalent to the revenue resulting from fines and penalties;
   ii. the immediate re-use of de‑commitments made during year n-2, including those resulting from commitments made in the current MFF;
   iii. the lapsed amounts of special instruments to be made available for all special instruments, and not just the Flexibility Instrument;
   iv. a higher allocation for the Flexibility Instrument, the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European Union Solidarity Fund, and the Contingency Margin, the latter without compulsory offsetting;

Duration

24.  Underlines the need for the duration of the MFF to move progressively towards a 5+5 period with a mandatory mid-term revision; accepts that the next MFF should be set for a period of seven years by way of a transitional solution to be applied for one last time; expects the detailed arrangements linked to the implementation of a 5+5 framework to be endorsed at the time of the mid-term revision of the 2021-2027 MFF;

Structure

25.  Accepts the overall structure of seven MFF headings, as proposed by the Commission, which largely corresponds to Parliament’s own proposal; considers that this structure allows for greater transparency, improves the visibility of EU expenditure, while maintaining the necessary degree of flexibility; agrees, moreover, with the creation of ‘programme clusters’ that are expected to lead to a significant simplification and rationalisation of the EU budget structure and its clear alignment with the MFF headings;

26.  Notes that the Commission proposes to reduce the number of EU programmes by more than a third; stresses that Parliament’s position with regard to the structure and composition of the 37 new programmes will be determined in the course of adopting the relevant sectoral legislative acts; expects, in any case, that the proposed budget nomenclature will reflect all of the different components of each programme in a way that guarantees transparency and provides the level of information required for the budgetary authority to establish the annual budget and oversee its implementation;

Unity of the budget

27.  Welcomes the proposed integration of the European Development Fund into the Union budget, which responds to a long-standing Parliament demand for all off-budget instruments; recalls that the principle of unity, whereby all items of revenue and expenditure of the Union are shown in the budget, is both a Treaty requirement and a basic precondition of democracy;

28.  Challenges, therefore, the logic of and justification for establishing instruments outside the budget that prevent parliamentary oversight of public finances and undermine the transparency of decision-making; considers that decisions to set-up such instruments bypass Parliament in its triple responsibility as legislative, budgetary and control authority; considers that, when exceptions are deemed necessary to achieve specific objectives, for example through financial instruments or trust funds, these should be fully transparent, duly justified by proven additionality and added value, and backed by strong decision-making procedures and accountability provisions;

29.  Stresses, however, that the integration of these instruments into the EU budget should not result in a reduction of the financing of other EU policies and programmes; underlines, therefore, the need to decide on the global level of the next MFF without calculating the allocation of 0,03 % of EU GNI that corresponds to the European Development Fund, which should be added on top of the agreed ceilings;

30.  Stresses that the MFF ceilings should not obstruct the financing of the policy objectives of the Union through the Union budget; expects, therefore, that an upward revision of the MFF ceilings will be ensured whenever necessary for the financing of new policy objectives, without having recourse to intergovernmental financing methods;

B.LEGISLATIVE ISSUES

Rule of Law

31.  Stresses the importance of the new mechanism ensuring respect for the values enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), whereby Member States that do not respect them shall be subject to financial consequences; warns, however, that final beneficiaries of the Union budget shall in no way be affected by the disregard shown by their government for fundamental rights and the rule of law; underlines, therefore, that such measures shall not affect the obligation of government entities or of Member States to make payments to final beneficiaries or recipients;

Ordinary legislative procedure and delegated acts

32.  Stresses that programme objectives and spending priorities, financial allocations, eligibility, selection and award criteria, conditions, definitions, and calculation methods should be determined in the relevant legislation, with full observance of Parliament’s prerogatives as a co-legislator; underlines that, when such measures, which can entail important policy choices, are not included in the basic act, they should be adopted by delegated acts; takes the view, in this context, that multiannual and/or annual work programmes should in general be adopted by delegated acts;

33.  States Parliament’s intention, whenever necessary, to enhance the provisions on governance, accountability, transparency and parliamentary oversight, on the empowerment of local and regional authorities and their partners, as well as on the engagement of NGOs and civil society in the next generation of programmes; also intends to improve and clarify, where needed, the coherence and synergies between and within the various funds and policies; recognises the need for enhanced flexibility in the allocation of resources within certain programmes, but stresses that this should not come at the expense of their original and long-term policy objectives, of predictability, and of Parliament’s rights;

Review clauses

34.  Points out that detailed and effective review clauses should be included in the individual MFF programmes and instruments, in order to ensure that meaningful assessments of them are carried out and that Parliament is subsequently fully involved in any decisions taken on necessary adaptations;

Legislative proposals

35.  Calls on the Commission to present the relevant legislative proposals on top of those which it has already presented, and notably a proposal for a regulation establishing a Just Energy Transition Fund as well as a specific programme on sustainable tourism; supports, furthermore, the introduction of the European Child Guarantee in the ESF+, the integration of a specific Union values strand in the Rights and Values programme, as well as a revision of the Regulation establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund; regrets that the relevant Commission proposals do not contain measures that respond to the requirements of Article 174 TFEU in relation to northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions; considers that a revision of the Financial Regulation should also be proposed whenever the need arises as a result of the MFF negotiations;

C.OWN RESOURCES

36.  Stresses that the current system of Own Resources is highly complex, unfair, non-transparent and totally incomprehensible to the EU’s citizens; calls again for a simplified system that will be more understandable to EU citizens;

37.  Welcomes, in this context, as an important step towards a more ambitious reform, the Commission’s set of proposals adopted on 2 May 2018 on a new system of Own resources; invites the Commission to take into account Opinion No 5/2018 of the European Court of Auditors concerning the Commission’s proposal on the new system of Own resources of the European Union, which underlines that better calculation and further simplification of the system is needed;

38.  Recalls that the introduction of new Own Resources should have a dual purpose: firstly, to bring about a substantial reduction in the proportion of GNI-based contributions, and secondly, to guarantee the adequate financing of EU spending under the post-2020 MFF;

39.  Supports the suggested modernisation of existing Own Resources, which implies:

   maintaining the customs duties as traditional Own Resources for the EU, while decreasing the percentage Member States retain as ‘collection costs’, and going back to the initial rate of 10 %;
   simplifying the Value Added Tax-based Own Resource, i.e. introducing a uniform call rate without exceptions;
   maintaining the GNI-based Own Resource, with the objective of moving progressively towards 40 % its share in the financing of the EU budget, while preserving its balancing function;

40.  Requests, in line with the Commission proposal, the programmed introduction of a basket of new Own Resources which, without increasing the fiscal burden for citizens, would correspond to essential strategic objectives of the EU, the European added value of which is evident and irreplaceable:

   the proper functioning, consolidation and strengthening of the single market, in particular by the implementation of a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB), as a basis for a new Own Resource through the setting of a uniform levy rate on the revenue from the CCCTB and the taxation of large companies in the digital sector profiting from the single market;
   the fight against climate change and the acceleration of energy transition, through measures such as a share of the emission trading scheme income;
   the fight to protect the environment through a contribution based on the quantity of non-recycled plastic packing;

41.  Demands the extension of the list of potential new Own Resources, which should include:

   an Own Resource based on a Financial Transaction Tax (FTT), while calling on all Member States to reach an agreement on an efficient scheme;
   the introduction of a carbon border adjustment mechanism as a new Own Resource for the EU budget, which should ensure a level playing field in international trade and reduce the off-shoring of production, while internalising the costs of climate change in the prices of imported goods;

42.  Expresses strong approval of the abolition of all rebates and other correction mechanisms, accompanied, should the need arise, by a limited phasing out period;

43.  Insists on the introduction of other revenue that should constitute extra revenue for the EU budget without entailing a corresponding reduction in GNI contributions:

   fines paid by companies for breaching the Union’s rules, or fines for late payments of contributions;
   proceeds from fines generated by rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union, including lump sum or penalty payments imposed on Member States, stemming from infringement actions;

44.  Underlines, moreover, the introduction of other forms of revenue, in line with the Commission proposals, in the case of:

   fees linked to the implementation of mechanisms in direct relation with the EU, such as the European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS);
   seigniorage, in the form of assigned revenue, for the purpose of financing a new Investment Stabilisation Function;

45.  Points to the need to maintain the credibility of the EU budget vis-à-vis the financial markets, which implies an increase in the Own Resources ceilings;

46.  Calls on the Commission to come up with a proposal to address the paradoxical situation whereby contributions from the UK to the reste à liquider (RAL) pre-2021 will enter the budget as general revenue, thus being counted towards the Own Resource ceiling, while that ceiling will be calculated on the basis of the EU-27 GNI, in other words without the UK, once the country has left the EU; considers that UK contributions should, on the contrary, be calculated on top of the Own Resources ceiling;

47.  Draws attention to the fact that the customs union is an important source of the Union's financial capacity; stresses, in this context, the need to harmonise customs control and management across the Union in order to prevent and combat fraud and irregularities harming the Union's financial interests;

48.  Urges a genuine fight against tax evasion and avoidance, with the introduction of dissuasive sanctions, for offshore territories and for the enablers or promoters of such activities, particularly and as a first step those operating on the European mainland; believes that Member States should cooperate by establishing a coordinated system for monitoring capital movements in order to fight tax evasion, tax avoidance and money laundering;

49.  Is of the opinion that effective measures against corruption and tax evasion by multinationals and the wealthiest individuals would make it possible to return to the Member States’ budgets an amount estimated by the Commission at one trillion euros per year, and that in this field there has been a serious lack of action by the European Union;

50.  Strongly supports the presentation by the Commission of a proposal for a Council regulation laying down implementing measures for the system of Own Resources of the European Union (COM(2018)0327); recalls that Parliament has to give its consent to this regulation; recalls that this regulation is an integral part of the Own Resource package presented by the Commission, and expects the Council to address the four related texts on Own Resources as a single package together with the MFF;

D.MODIFICATIONS TO THE PROPOSAL FOR A REGULATION LAYING DOWN THE 2021-2027 MFF

51.  Takes the view that the proposal for a Council regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027 should be modified as follows:

Text proposed by the Commission   Modification
Modification 1
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 1
(1)  Taking into account the need for an adequate level of predictability for preparing and implementing medium-term investments, the duration of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) should be set at seven years starting on 1 January 2021.
(1)  Taking into account the need for an adequate level of predictability for preparing and implementing medium-term investments as well as the need for democratic legitimacy and accountability, the duration of this Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) should be set at seven years starting on 1 January 2021 with a view to moving subsequently to a five-plus-five-year period that would be aligned with the political cycle of the European Parliament and the Commission.
Modification 2
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 2
(2)  The annual ceilings on commitments appropriations by category of expenditure and the annual ceilings on payment appropriations established by the MFF must respect the applicable ceilings for commitments and own resources, which are set in accordance with the Council Decision on the system of own resources of the European Union adopted in accordance with the third paragraph of Article 311 TFEU.
(2)  The MFF should establish annual ceilings on commitments appropriations by category of expenditure and annual ceilings on payment appropriations so as to ensure that Union expenditure develops in an orderly manner and within the limits of its Own Resources, while also ensuring that the Union can provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry through its policies in accordance with the first paragraph of Article 311 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), and can honour its obligations to third parties in accordance with Article 323 TFEU.
Modification 3
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 2 a (new)
(2a)  The level of ceilings should be set on the basis of the amounts necessary for the financing and running of the Union programmes and policies as well as the required margins to be left available for adjustments to future needs. Furthermore, the ceilings for payments should account for the large amount of outstanding commitments expected at the end of 2020. The amounts set in this Regulation as well as in the basic acts for 2021-2027 programmes should be agreed in 2018 prices and, for the sake of simplification and predictability, adjusted on the basis of a fixed deflator of 2 % per year.
Modification 4
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 3
(3)   If it is necessary to mobilise the guarantees given under the general budget of the Union for financial assistance to Member States authorised in accordance with Article [208(1)] of Regulation No EU [xxx/201x] of the European Parliament and of the Council ('the Financial Regulation'), the necessary amount should be mobilised over and above the ceilings of the commitments and payments appropriations of the MFF, while respecting the own resources ceiling.
(3)   If it is necessary to mobilise the guarantees given under the general budget of the Union for financial assistance to Member States authorised in accordance with Article [208(1)] of Regulation No EU [xxx/201x] of the European Parliament and of the Council (‘the Financial Regulation’), the necessary amount should be mobilised over and above the ceilings of the commitments and payments appropriations of the MFF, and should therefore be taken into account when setting any own resources ceiling.
Modification 5
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 4
(4)  The MFF should not take account of budget items financed by assigned revenue within the meaning of the Financial Regulation.
(4)  Assigned revenue financing budget items within the meaning of the Financial Regulation should not be counted towards the MFF ceilings, but all available information should be displayed with full transparency during the procedure of the adoption of the annual budget and during its implementation.
Modification 6
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6)   Specific and maximum possible flexibility should be implemented to allow the Union to fulfil its obligations in compliance with Article 323 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
(6)   Maximum flexibility should be ensured within the MFF, in particular to guarantee that the Union can fulfil its obligations in compliance with Article 311 and Article 323 of the TFEU.
Modification 7
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7
(7)   The following special instruments are necessary to allow the Union to react to specified unforeseen circumstances, or to allow the financing of clearly identified expenditure which cannot be financed within the limits of the ceilings available for one or more headings as laid down in the MFF in order to allow the budget procedure to run smoothly: the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, the European Union Solidarity Fund, the Emergency Aid Reserve, the Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve), the Flexibility Instrument and the Contingency Margin. The Emergency Aid Reserve is not aimed at addressing the consequences of market related crises affecting the agricultural production or distribution. Specific provision should therefore be made for the possibility to enter commitment and corresponding payment appropriations into the budget over and above the ceilings set out in the MFF where it is necessary to use special instruments.
(7)  The following special instruments are necessary to allow the Union to react to specified unforeseen circumstances, or to allow the financing of clearly identified expenditure which cannot be financed within the limits of the ceilings available for one or more headings as laid down in the MFF, thereby allowing the annual budgetary procedure to run smoothly: the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, the European Union Solidarity Fund, the Emergency Aid Reserve, the Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve for Commitments), the Flexibility Instrument and the Contingency Margin. Specific provision should therefore be made for the possibility to enter commitment and corresponding payment appropriations into the budget over and above the ceilings set out in the MFF where it is necessary to use special instruments.
Modification 8
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7 a (new)
(7 a)  In particular, while the Union and its Member States should make every effort to ensure that commitments authorised by the budgetary authority are effectively implemented for their original purpose, it should be possible to mobilise commitment appropriations that have not been executed or that have been de-committed through the Union Reserve for Commitments, provided that this is not a means for beneficiaries to circumvent the relevant de-commitment rules.
Modification 9
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 9
(9)   Rules should be laid down for other situations that may require the MFF to be adjusted. Those adjustments may be related to the delayed adoption of new rules or programmes under shared management, or to measures linked to sound economic governance or to the protection of the Union’s budget in the case of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in the Member States adopted in accordance with the relevant basic acts.
(9)   Rules should be laid down for other situations that may require the MFF to be adjusted. Those adjustments may be related to the delayed adoption of new rules or programmes under shared management, or to the suspension of budgetary commitments in accordance with the relevant basic acts.
Modification 10
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10
(10)   It is necessary to carry-out a review of the functioning of the MFF at mid-term of its implementation. The results of this review should be taken into account in any revision of this Regulation for the remaining years of the MFF.
(10)   In order to take into account new policies and priorities, the MFF should be revised at mid-term on the basis of a review of the functioning and implementation of the MFF, which should also contain a report setting out the methods for the practical implementation of a five-plus-five-year financial framework.
Modification 11
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10 a (new)
(10 a)  In order to fulfil the Union’s commitment to being a front runner in implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals, including gender equality, the MFF revision shall be prepared taking into account progress made in their implementation in all EU policies and initiatives of the 2021-2027 MFF, measured on the basis of performance indicators drawn up by the Commission, as well as progress in the mainstreaming of gender in all EU activities. The MFF revision shall also be prepared taking into account progress made in achieving the overall target of contributing 25 % of EU expenditure to climate objectives over the 2021-2027 MFF period, and the achievement of an annual 30 % spending target as soon as possible and at the latest by 2027, measured on the basis of reformed performance indicators that differentiate between mitigation and adaptation. The revision should also assess, in consultation with national and local stakeholders, whether the adopted simplification measures have actually achieved a reduction in red tape for beneficiaries in the implementation of programmes;
Modification 12
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 12 a (new)
(12 a)  All expenditure at Union level dedicated to the implementation of Union policies based on the Treaties is expenditure of the Union within the meaning of Article 310(1) TFEU, and should therefore be entered in the budget of the Union in accordance with the budgetary procedure laid down in Article 314 TFEU, thereby ensuring respect for the fundamental principles of the democratic representation of citizens in decision-making, parliamentary oversight of public finances and transparency of decision-making. The MFF ceilings may not obstruct the financing through the Union budget of the policy objectives of the Union. It is therefore necessary to provide for an upward revision of the MFF whenever this is needed to facilitate the financing of Union policies, in particular new policy objectives, without having recourse to intergovernmental or quasi-intergovernmental financing methods.
Modification 13
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 13
(13)  Specific rules are also necessary for dealing with large scale infrastructure projects whose lifetime extends well beyond the period set for the MFF. It is necessary to establish maximum amounts for the contributions from the general budget of the Union to those projects, thereby ensuring that they do not have any impact on other projects financed from that budget.
(13)  Specific rules are also necessary for dealing with large‑scale infrastructure projects whose lifetime extends well beyond the period set for the MFF. The financing of these large-scale projects, which are of strategic importance for the Union, needs to be secured in the general budget of the Union, but it is necessary to establish maximum amounts for its contributions to those projects, thereby ensuring that possible cost overruns do not have any impact on other projects financed from that budget;
Modification 14
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 14
(14)   It is necessary to provide for general rules on interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure.
(14)  It is necessary to provide for general rules on transparency and interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure, respecting the budgetary powers of the institutions as laid down in the Treaties, so as to ensure that budgetary decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen, as required by Article 10(3) TEU, and that the budgetary procedure runs smoothly, as provided for in Article 312(3) TFEU, second paragraph.
Modification 15
Proposal for a regulation
Recital 15
(15)  The Commission should present a proposal for a new multiannual financial framework before 1 July 2025, to enable the institutions to adopt it sufficiently in advance of the start of the subsequent multiannual financial framework. In accordance with Article 312(4) TFEU the ceilings corresponding to the last year set out in this Regulation are to continue to apply in the event that a new financial framework is not adopted before the end of the term of the MFF laid down in this Regulation.
(15)  The Commission should present a proposal for a new multiannual financial framework before 1 July 2025. This timeframe will provide the newly appointed Commission with the necessary time to draw up its proposals, and enable the European Parliament emerging from the 2024 elections to come forward with its own position on the post-2027 MFF. It will also enable the institutions to adopt it sufficiently in advance of the start of the subsequent multiannual financial framework. In accordance with Article 312(4) TFEU the ceilings corresponding to the last year set out in this Regulation are to continue to apply in the event that a new financial framework is not adopted before the end of the term of the MFF laid down in this Regulation.
Modification 16
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 1 – Article 3 – title
Respect of own resources ceiling
Relationship to own resources
Modification 17
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 1 – Article 3 – paragraph 4
4.  For each of the years covered by the MFF, the total appropriations for payments required, after annual adjustment and taking account of any other adjustments and revisions as well as the application of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 2, may not be such as to produce a call-in rate for own resources that exceeds the own resources ceiling set in accordance with the Council decision on the system of own resources of the European Union adopted in accordance with the third paragraph of Article 311 TFEU ('Own Resources Decision') in force.
4.  For each of the years covered by the MFF, the total appropriations for payments required, after annual adjustment and taking account of any other adjustments and revisions as well as the application of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 2, may not be such as to produce a call-in rate for own resources that exceeds the limits of the Union’s own resources, without prejudice to the obligation of the Union to provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry through its policies in accordance with the first paragraph of Article 311 TFEU, and the obligation of the institutions to ensure that the financial means are made available to allow the Union to fulfil its legal obligations in respect of third parties in accordance with Article 323 TFEU.
Modification 18
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 1 – Article 3 – paragraph 5
5.  Where necessary, the ceilings set in the MFF shall be lowered in order to ensure compliance with the own resources ceiling set in accordance with the Own Resources Decision in force.
deleted
Modification 19
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 2 – Article 5 – paragraph 4
4.  Without prejudice to Article 6, 7 and 8, no further technical adjustments shall be made in respect of the year concerned, either during the year or as ex post corrections during subsequent years.
deleted
Modification 20
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 2 – Article 7 – title
Adjustments related to measures linked to sound economic governance or to the protection of the Union’s budget in the case of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in the Member States
Adjustments related to the suspension of budgetary commitments
Modification 21
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 2 – Article 7
In the case of the lifting, in accordance with the relevant basic acts, of a suspension of budgetary commitments concerning Union funds in the context of measures linked to sound economic governance or to the protection of the Union’s budget in the case of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in the Member States, the amounts corresponding to the suspended commitments shall be transferred to the following years and the corresponding ceilings of the MFF shall be adjusted accordingly. Suspended commitments of year n may not be entered in the budget beyond year n+2.
In the case of the lifting, in accordance with the relevant basic acts, of a suspension of budgetary commitments, the corresponding amounts shall be transferred to the following years and the corresponding ceilings of the MFF shall be adjusted accordingly. Suspended commitments of year n may not be entered in the budget beyond year n+2. As from year n+3, an amount equivalent to the lapsed commitments shall be entered in the Union Reserve for Commitments provided for in Article 12.
Modification 22
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 10 – paragraph 1
1.  The European Union Solidarity Fund, the objectives and scope of which are set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002, shall not exceed a maximum annual amount of EUR 600 million (2018 prices). On 1 October of each year, at least one quarter of that annual amount shall remain available in order to cover needs arising until the end of that year. The portion of the annual amount not used in year n may be used up to year n+1. The portion of the annual amount stemming from the previous year shall be drawn on first. That portion of the annual amount from year n which is not used in year n+1 shall lapse.
1.  The European Union Solidarity Fund is intended to allow for financial assistance in the event of major disasters occurring on the territory of a Member State or of a candidate country, as defined in the relevant basic act, and shall not exceed a maximum annual amount of EUR 1 000 million (2018 prices). On 1 October of each year, at least one quarter of that annual amount shall remain available in order to cover needs arising until the end of that year. The portion of the annual amount not used in year n may be used up to year n+1. The portion of the annual amount stemming from the previous year shall be drawn on first. That portion of the annual amount from year n which is not used in year n+1 shall lapse.
Modification 23
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 10 – paragraph 1 a (new)
1a.  The appropriations for the European Union Solidarity Fund shall be entered in the general budget of the Union as a provision.
Modification 24
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 11 – paragraph 2
2.  The annual amount of the Reserve is fixed at EUR 600 million (2018 prices) and may be used up to year n+1 in accordance with the Financial Regulation. The Reserve shall be entered in the general budget of the Union as a provision. The portion of the annual amount stemming from the previous year shall be drawn on first. That portion of the annual amount from year n which is not used in year n+1 shall lapse. By 1 October of each year, at least one quarter of the annual amount for year n shall remain available to cover needs arising until the end of that year. No more than half of the amount available until 30 September each year may be mobilised for, respectively, internal or external operations. As of 1 October, the remaining part of the amount available may be mobilised either for internal or external operations to cover needs arising until the end of that year.
2.  The annual amount of the Emergency Aid Reserve is fixed at EUR 1 000 million (2018 prices) and may be used up to year n+1 in accordance with the Financial Regulation. The Reserve shall be entered in the general budget of the Union as a provision. The portion of the annual amount stemming from the previous year shall be drawn on first. That portion of the annual amount from year n which is not used in year n+1 shall lapse. By 1 October of each year, at least EUR 150 million (2018 prices) of the annual amount for year n shall remain available to cover needs arising until the end of that year. No more than half of the amount available until 30 September each year may be mobilised for, respectively, internal or external operations. As of 1 October, the remaining part of the amount available may be mobilised either for internal or external operations to cover needs arising until the end of that year.
Modification 25
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 12 – title
Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve)
Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve for Commitments)
Modification 26
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 12 – paragraph 1
1.  The Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve), to be made available over and above the ceilings established in the MFF for the years 2022 to 2027, shall comprise the following:
(a)  margins left available below the MFF ceilings for commitments of year n-1;
(b)  as of 2023, in addition to the margins referred to in point (a), an amount equivalent to de-commitments of appropriations made during year n-2, without prejudice to Article [15] of the Financial Regulation.
1.  The Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve for Commitments), to be made available over and above the ceilings established in the MFF for the years 2021 to 2027, shall comprise the following:
(a)  margins left available below the MFF ceilings for commitments of previous years;
(a a)  unexecuted commitment appropriations of year n-1;
(b)  an amount equivalent to de-commitments of appropriations made during year n-2, without prejudice to Article [15] of the Financial Regulation;
(b a)  an amount equivalent to the amount of suspended commitments of year n-3 that may no longer be entered in the budget pursuant to Article 7;
(b b)  an amount equivalent to the amount of revenue resulting from fines and penalties.
Modification 27
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 12 – paragraph 2
2.  The Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve) or part thereof may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure provided for in Article 314 TFEU.
2.  The Global Margin for Commitments (Union Reserve for Commitments) or part thereof may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure provided for in Article 314 TFEU. Margins of year n may be mobilised for years n and n+1 through the Union Reserve for Commitments, provided this does not conflict with pending or planned amending budgets.
Modification 28
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 12 – paragraph 3 a (new)
3a.  At the end of 2027, amounts that remain available under the Union Reserve for Commitments shall be carried over to the next MFF up to 2030.
Modification 29
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 13 – paragraph 1
The Flexibility Instrument may be used for the financing, for a given financial year, of clearly identified expenditure which could not be financed within the limits of the ceilings available for one or more other headings. Subject to the second subparagraph, the ceiling of the annual amount available for the Flexibility Instrument is set at EUR 1 000 million (2018 prices).
The Flexibility Instrument may be used for the financing, for a given financial year, of clearly identified expenditure which could not be financed within the limits of the ceilings available for one or more other headings or within the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, the European Union Solidarity Fund and the Emergency Aid Reserve. Subject to the second subparagraph, the ceiling of the annual amount available for the Flexibility Instrument is set at EUR 2 000 million (2018 prices).
Modification 30
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 14 – paragraph 1
1.  A Contingency Margin of up to 0.03 % of the Gross National Income of the Union shall be constituted outside the ceilings of the MFF, as a last resort instrument to react to unforeseen circumstances. It may be mobilised only in relation to an amending or annual budget.
1.  A Contingency Margin of up to 0,05% of the Gross National Income of the Union shall be constituted outside the ceilings of the MFF, as a last resort instrument to react to unforeseen circumstances. It may be mobilised only in relation to an amending or annual budget. It may be mobilised for both commitment and payment appropriations, or for payment appropriations only.
Modification 31
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 14 – paragraph 2
2.  Recourse to the Contingency Margin shall not exceed, at any given year, the maximum amount provided in the annual technical adjustment of the MFF, and shall be consistent with the own resources ceiling.
2.  Recourse to the Contingency Margin shall not exceed, at any given year, the maximum amount provided in the annual technical adjustment of the MFF.
Modification 32
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 14 – paragraph 3
3.  Amounts made available through the mobilisation of the Contingency Margin shall be fully offset against the margins in one or more MFF headings for the current or future financial years.
deleted
Modification 33
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 3 – Article 14 – paragraph 4
4.  The amounts offset in accordance with paragraph 3 shall not be further mobilised in the context of the MFF. Recourse to the Contingency Margin shall not result in exceeding the total ceilings of commitment and payment appropriations laid down in the MFF for the current and future financial years.
deleted
Modification 34
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – title
Review and Revision of the MFF
Revisions
Modification 35
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – Article 15 – paragraph 1
1.  Without prejudice to Article 3(2) and Articles 16 to 20 and 24, in the event of unforeseen circumstances, the MFF may be revised in compliance with the own resources ceiling set in accordance with the Own Resources Decision in force.
1.  Without prejudice to Article 3(2) and Articles 16 to 20 and 24, the relevant MFF ceilings shall be revised upward in the event that this is necessary to facilitate the financing of Union policies, in particular new policy objectives, in circumstances where it would otherwise be necessary to establish additional intergovernmental or quasi-intergovernmental financing methods that would circumvent the budgetary procedure laid down in Article 314 TFEU.
Modification 36
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – Article 15 – paragraph 3
3.  Any proposal for revision of the MFF in accordance with paragraph 1 shall examine the scope for reallocating expenditure between the programmes covered by the heading concerned by the revision, with particular reference to any expected under-utilisation of appropriations.
deleted
Modification 37
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – Article 16 – title
Mid-term review of the MFF
Mid-term revision of the MFF
Modification 38
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – Article 16
Before 1 January 2024, the Commission shall present a review of the functioning of the MFF. This review shall, as appropriate, be accompanied by relevant proposals.
Before 1 July 2023, the Commission shall present a legislative proposal for the revision of this Regulation in accordance with the procedures set out in the TFEU, based on a review of the functioning of the MFF. Without prejudice to Article 6 of this Regulation, pre‑allocated national envelopes shall not be reduced through such a revision.
The proposal shall be drawn up taking into account an assessment of:
—  progress towards the overall target of contributing 25 % of EU expenditure to climate objectives over the 2021-2027 MFF period, and towards a 30 % annual spending target as soon as possible;
—  the mainstreaming of the UN Sustainable Development Goals;
—  the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the Union budget (gender budgeting);
—  the impact of simplification measures on the reduction in red tape for beneficiaries in the implementation of the financial programmes, to be carried out in consultation with stakeholders;
Modification 39
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 4 – Article 17
When notifying the European Parliament and the Council of the results of the technical adjustments to the MFF, the Commission shall, where appropriate, submit any proposal to revise the total appropriations for payments which it considers necessary, in the light of implementation, to ensure a sound management of the yearly payments ceilings, and in particular their orderly progression in relation to the appropriations for commitments.
When notifying the European Parliament and the Council of the results of the technical adjustments to the MFF, or when the ceilings for payments may prevent the Union from honouring its legal commitments, the Commission shall submit any proposal to revise the total appropriations for payments which it considers necessary, in the light of implementation, to ensure a sound management of the yearly payments ceilings, and in particular their orderly progression in relation to the appropriations for commitments.
Modification 40
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 5 – Article 21 – paragraph 1
1.  A maximum amount of EUR 14 196 million (in 2018 prices) shall be available from the general budget of the Union for the period 2021 to 2027 for the large scale projects under [Regulation XXXX/XX of the European Parliament and the Council - Space Programme].
1.  A maximum amount shall be available jointly for the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo) and for Copernicus (the European Earth observation programme) from the general budget of the Union for the period 2021 to 2027. This maximum amount shall be set at 15 % above the indicative amounts set for both large-scale projects under [Regulation XXXX/XX of the European Parliament and the Council – Space Programme]. Any reinforcement within this maximum amount shall be financed through the margins or the special instruments, and shall not result in reductions in other programmes and projects.
Modification 41
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 5 – Article 21 – paragraph 2 a (new)
2a.  Should additional financing needs from the Union budget arise for the above-mentioned large-scale projects, the Commission shall propose a revision of the MFF ceilings accordingly.
Modification 42
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 6 – title
Interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure
Transparency and interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure
Modification 43
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 6 – Article 22
Interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure
Transparency and interinstitutional cooperation in the budgetary procedure
Modification 44
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 6 – Article 22 – paragraph 4 a (new)
Both the European Parliament and the Council shall be represented by members of the respective institution when meetings are held at political level.
Modification 45
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 6 – Article 22 – paragraph 4 b (new)
The European Parliament and the Council shall meet in public when adopting their respective positions on the draft budget.
Modification 46
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 6 – Article 23
All expenditure and revenue of the Union and Euratom shall be included in the general budget of the Union in accordance with Article [7] of the Financial Regulation, including expenditure resulting from any relevant decision taken unanimously by the Council after consulting the European Parliament, in the framework of Article 332 TFEU.
All expenditure and revenue of the Union and Euratom shall be included in the general budget of the Union in accordance with Article 310(1) TFEU, including expenditure resulting from any relevant decision taken unanimously by the Council after consulting the European Parliament, in the framework of Article 332 TFEU.
Modification 47
Proposal for a regulation
Chapter 7 – Article 24
Before 1 July 2025, the Commission shall present a proposal for a new multiannual financial framework.
Before 1 July 2023, together with its proposals for the mid-term revision, the Commission shall present a report setting out the methods for the practical implementation of a five-plus-five year period for the financial framework.
Before 1 July 2025, the Commission shall present a proposal for a new multiannual financial framework.
If no Council regulation determining a new multiannual financial framework has been adopted before 31 December 2027, the ceilings and other provisions corresponding to the last year of the MFF shall be extended until a regulation determining a new financial framework is adopted. If a new Member State accedes to the Union after 2020, the extended financial framework shall, if necessary, be revised in order to take the accession into account.

E.MODIFICATIONS TO THE PROPOSAL FOR AN INTERINSTITUTIONAL AGREEMENT

52.Stresses that, as a result of the negotiation and adoption of a new MFF Regulation, the proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management should be modified as follows:

Modification 48
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part 1
Section A – point 6 a (new)
6 a Information relating to operations not included in the general budget of the Union and to the foreseeable development of the various categories of the Unions Own Resources is set out, by way of indication, in separate tables. This information shall be updated annually together with the documents accompanying the draft budget.
Modification 49
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section A – point 7
7.  The institutions shall, for the purposes of sound financial management, ensure as far as possible during the budgetary procedure and at the time of the budget's adoption that sufficient margins are left available beneath the ceilings for the various headings of the MFF.
7.  The institutions shall, for the purposes of sound financial management, ensure as far as possible during the budgetary procedure and at the time of the budget’s adoption that sufficient amounts are left available within the margins beneath the ceilings for the various headings of the MFF or within the available special instruments.
Modification 50
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section A – point 8
Updating of forecasts for payment appropriations after 2027
8.  In 2024, the Commission shall update the forecasts for payment appropriations after 2027.
That update shall take into account all relevant information, including the real implementation of budget appropriations for commitments and budget appropriations for payments, as well as the implementation forecasts. It shall also consider the rules designed to ensure that payment appropriations develop in an orderly manner compared to commitment appropriations and the growth forecasts of the Union's Gross National Income.
Updating of forecasts for payment appropriations
8.  Every year, the Commission shall update the forecasts for payment appropriations until and after 2027.
That update shall take into account all relevant information, including the real implementation of budget appropriations for commitments and budget appropriations for payments, as well as the implementation forecasts. It shall also consider the rules designed to ensure that payment appropriations develop in an orderly manner compared to commitment appropriations and the growth forecasts of the Union's Gross National Income.
Modification 51
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section B – point 9
9.  When the conditions for mobilising the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, as set out in the relevant basic act, are met, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a transfer to the relevant budgetary lines.
Transfers related to the Globalisation Adjustment Fund shall be made in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
9.  When the conditions for mobilising the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, as set out in the relevant basic act, are met, the Commission shall make a proposal to mobilise it. The decision to mobilise the Globalisation Adjustment Fund shall be taken jointly by the European Parliament and the Council.
At the same time as it presents its proposal for a decision to mobilise the Globalisation Adjustment Fund, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a transfer to the relevant budgetary lines.
In the event of disagreement, the matter shall be addressed at the next budget trilogue.
Transfers related to the Globalisation Adjustment Fund shall be made in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
Modification 52
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section B – point 10
10.  When the conditions for mobilising the European Union Solidarity Fund as set out in the relevant basic act are met, the Commission shall make a proposal for the appropriate budgetary instrument in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
10.  When the conditions for mobilising the European Union Solidarity Fund as set out in the relevant basic act are met, the Commission shall make a proposal to mobilise it. The decision to mobilise the Solidarity Fund shall be taken jointly by the European Parliament and the Council.
At the same time as it presents its proposal for a decision to mobilise the Solidarity Fund, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a transfer to the relevant budgetary lines.
In the event of disagreement, the matter shall be addressed at the next budget trilogue.
Transfers related to the Solidarity Fund shall be made in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
Modification 53
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section B – point 11
11.  When the Commission considers that the Emergency Aid Reserve needs to be called on, it shall present to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a transfer from the Reserve to the corresponding budgetary lines in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
11.  When the Commission considers that the Emergency Aid Reserve needs to be called on, it shall present to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a transfer from the Reserve to the corresponding budgetary lines in accordance with the Financial Regulation.
In the event of disagreement, the matter shall be addressed at the next budget trilogue.
Modification 54
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section B – point 12
Flexibility Instrument
12.  The Commission shall make a proposal for the mobilisation of the Flexibility Instrument after it has examined all possibilities for re-allocating appropriations under the heading requiring additional expenditure.
The proposal shall identify the needs to be covered and the amount. Such a proposal may be made in relation to a draft budget or draft amending budget.
The Flexibility Instrument may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure set out in Article 314 TFEU.
Flexibility Instrument
12.  The Commission shall make a proposal for the mobilisation of the Flexibility Instrument after it has exhausted the margins of the relevant headings.
The proposal shall identify the needs to be covered and the amount.
The Flexibility Instrument may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure set out in Article 314 TFEU.
Modification 55
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part I
Section B – point 13
13.  The mobilisation of the Contingency Margin, or part thereof, shall be proposed by the Commission after a thorough analysis of all other financial possibilities. Such a proposal may be made in relation to a draft budget or draft amending budget.
The Contingency Margin may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure set out in Article 314 TFEU.
13.  The mobilisation of the Contingency Margin, or part thereof, shall be proposed by the Commission after a thorough analysis of all other financial possibilities.
The Contingency Margin may be mobilised by the European Parliament and the Council in the framework of the budgetary procedure set out in Article 314 TFEU.
Modification 56
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part II
Section A – point 14 a (new)
14a.  In order to facilitate the adoption of a new MFF or a revision thereof, and to give effect to Article 312(5) TFEU, the institutions shall convene regular meetings, namely:
—  Meetings of the Presidents as set out in Article 324 of the Treaty;
—  Briefings and debriefings of a delegation of the European Parliament by the Council presidency before and after relevant Council meetings;
—  Informal trilateral meetings in the course of the Council proceedings aimed at taking account of Parliament’s views in any document produced by the Council presidency;
—  Trilogues once both Parliament and the Council have adopted their respective negotiating mandates;
—  Mutual appearances by the Council presidency in the relevant parliamentary committee and of Parliament’s negotiating team in the relevant Council formation.
Parliament and the Council will transmit to each other as soon as available any document formally adopted in their respective preparatory bodies or formally submitted on their behalf.
Modification 57
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part II
Section B – point 15 - indent 2
—  the revenue, expenditure, assets and liabilities of the European Development Fund (EDF), the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF), the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), and other possible future mechanisms,
—  the revenue, expenditure, assets and liabilities of the European Development Fund (EDF), the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF), the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), and other possible future mechanisms which are not financed through the Union budget, but which exist to support Union policy objectives deriving from the Treaties,
Modification 58
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part II
Section B – point 15 a (new)
15 a.  When adopting autonomous transfers pursuant to Article 30(1) of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall immediately inform the budgetary authority of the detailed grounds for such transfers. When Parliament or the Council express a reservation on an autonomous transfer, the Commission shall address it, including, if appropriate, by reversing the transfer.
Modification 59
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Part III
Section A – point 24 a (new)
24 a.  When, in the framework of the budgetary procedure, the budgetary authority decides on specific reinforcements, the Commission shall not offset any of them in the subsequent years of its financial programming, unless specifically instructed to do so by the former.
Modification 60
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part A - point 1 a (new)
1 a.  Each institution undertakes to refrain from transmitting to the other institutions any non-urgent budgetary positions, transfers or other notifications entailing the activation of deadlines during their recess periods, so as to ensure that each institution is able to duly exercise its procedural prerogatives.
The services of the institutions shall inform each other in due time of the dates of recess of their respective institutions.
Modification 61
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part B - point 2
2.  In due time before the adoption of the draft budget by the Commission, a trilogue shall be convened to discuss the possible priorities for the budget of the coming financial year.
2.  In due time before the adoption of the draft budget by the Commission, a trilogue shall be convened to discuss the possible priorities for the budget of the coming financial year and any questions arising from the implementation of the budget of the ongoing financial year.
Modification 62
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part C – point 8
8.  In the interest of loyal and sound institutional cooperation, the European Parliament and the Council commit to maintaining regular and active contacts at all levels, through their respective negotiators, throughout the whole budgetary procedure and, in particular, during the conciliation period. The European Parliament and the Council undertake to ensure the timely and constant mutual exchange of relevant information and documents at both formal and informal levels, as well as to hold technical or informal meetings as needed, during the conciliation period, in cooperation with the Commission. The Commission shall ensure timely and equal access to information and documents for the European Parliament and the Council.
8.  In the interest of loyal and sound institutional cooperation, the European Parliament and the Council commit to maintaining regular and active contacts at all levels, through their respective negotiators, throughout the whole budgetary procedure and, in particular, during the conciliation period. The European Parliament and the Council undertake to ensure the timely and constant mutual exchange of relevant information and documents at both formal and informal levels, in particular by transmitting to each other all procedural documents adopted within their respective preparatory bodies as soon as available. They undertake, furthermore, to hold technical or informal meetings as needed, during the conciliation period, in cooperation with the Commission. The Commission shall ensure timely and equal access to information and documents for the European Parliament and the Council.
Modification 63
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part D – point 12 a (new)
12a.   The European Parliament and the Council shall meet in public when adopting their respective positions on the draft budget.
Modification 64
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part E - point 15
15.  The European Parliament and the Council shall be represented at an appropriate level in the Conciliation Committee, such that each delegation can commit politically its respective institution, and that actual progress towards the final agreement may be made.
15.  Both the European Parliament and the Council shall be represented by members of the respective institution in the Conciliation Committee, so that each delegation can commit its respective institution politically, and that actual progress towards the final agreement may be made.
Modification 65
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part E - point 19
19.  The dates of the meetings of the Conciliation Committee and the trilogues shall be set in advance by agreement of the three institutions.
19.  The dates of the meetings of the Conciliation Committee and the trilogues shall be set in advance by agreement of the three institutions. Additional meetings, including at technical level, may be organised, as required, during the conciliation period.
Modification 66
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part E – point 21 a (new)
21a.   In order to make full use of the 21-day conciliation period stipulated by the Treaty and to allow the institutions to update their respective negotiating positions, the European Parliament and the Council undertake to examine the state of play of the conciliation procedure at every meeting of their relevant preparatory bodies throughout the aforementioned period, and shall refrain from leaving it to its last stages.
Modification 67
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part G - title
Part G. Reste à liquider (RAL)
Part G. Budget implementation, payments and Reste à liquider (RAL)
Modification 68
Proposal for an Interinstitutional Agreement
Annex
Part G - point 36
36.  Given the need to ensure an orderly progression of the total appropriations for payments in relation to the appropriations for commitments so as to avoid any abnormal shift of RAL from one year to another, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agree to monitor closely the level of the RAL so as to mitigate the risk of hampering the implementation of Union programmes because of a lack of payment appropriations at the end of the MFF.
In order to ensure a manageable level and profile for the payments in all headings, de-commitment rules shall be applied strictly in all headings, in particular the rules for automatic de-commitments.
In the course of the budgetary procedure, the institutions shall meet regularly with a view to jointly assessing the state of play and the outlook for budgetary implementation in the current and future years. This shall take the form of dedicated interinstitutional meetings at the appropriate level, before which the Commission shall provide the detailed state of play, broken down by fund and Member State, on payment implementation, reimbursement claims received and revised forecasts. In particular, in order to ensure that the Union can fulfill all its financial obligations stemming from existing and future commitments in the period 2021 to 2027 in accordance with Article 323 TFEU, the European Parliament and the Council shall analyse and discuss the Commission’s estimates as to the required level of payment appropriations.
36.  Given the need to ensure an orderly progression of the total appropriations for payments in relation to the appropriations for commitments so as to avoid any abnormal shift of RAL from one year to another, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agree to monitor closely the payment forecasts and the level of the RAL so as to mitigate the risk of hampering the implementation of Union programmes because of a lack of payment appropriations at the end of the MFF.
In the course of the budgetary procedure, the institutions shall meet regularly with a view to jointly assessing the state of play and the outlook for budgetary implementation in the current and future years. This shall take the form of dedicated interinstitutional meetings at the appropriate level, before which the Commission shall provide the detailed state of play, broken down by fund and Member State, on payment implementation, reimbursement claims received and revised short-to-long-term forecasts. In particular, in order to ensure that the Union can fulfil all its financial obligations stemming from existing and future commitments in the period 2021 to 2027 in accordance with Article 323 TFEU, the European Parliament and the Council shall analyse and discuss the Commission’s estimates as to the required level of payment appropriations.

53.Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission.

(1) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0075 and P8_TA(2018)0076.
(2) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0226.
(3) OJ C 215, 19.6.2018, p. 249.
(4) OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 1.
(5) OJ C 242, 10.7.2018, p. 24.


Annex I – MFF 2021-2027: ceilings and instruments outside the ceilings (2018 prices)

(EUR million – 2018 prices)

 

Commission proposal

Parliament position

Commitment appropriations

Total

2021-2027

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

Total

2021-2027

I.  Single Market, Innovation and Digital

166 303

31 035

31 006

31 297

30 725

30 615

30 757

30 574

216 010

II.  Cohesion and Values

391 974

60 026

62 887

64 979

65 785

66 686

69 204

67 974

457 540

Of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion

330 642

52 143

52 707

53 346

53 988

54 632

55 286

55 994

378 097

III.  Natural Resources and Environment

336 623

57 780

57 781

57 789

57 806

57 826

57 854

57 881

404 718

IV.  Migration and Border Management

30 829

3 227

4 389

4 605

4 844

4 926

5 066

5 138

32 194

V.  Security and Defence

24 323

3 202

3 275

3 223

3 324

3 561

3 789

4 265

24 639

VI.  Neighbourhood and the World

108 929

15 368

15 436

15 616

15 915

16 356

16 966

17 729

113 386

VII.  European Public Administration

75 602

10 388

10 518

10 705

10 864

10 910

11 052

11 165

75 602

Of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

58 547

8 128

8 201

8 330

8 432

8 412

8 493

8 551

58 547

TOTAL COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS

1 134 583

181 025

185 293

188 215

189 262

190 880

194 688

194 727

1 324 089

as a percentage of GNI

1.11  %

1.29  %

1.31  %

1.31  %

1.30  %

1.30  %

1.31  %

1.29  %

1.30  %

TOTAL PAYMENT APPROPRIATIONS

1 104 805

174 088

176 309

186 391

187 490

188 675

189 961

191 398

1 294 311

as a percentage of GNI

1.08  %

1.24  %

1.24  %

1.30  %

1.29  %

1.28  %

1.28  %

1.27  %

1.27  %

OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emergency aid reserve

4 200

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

7 000

European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)

1 400

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

1 400

European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF)

4 200

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

1 000

7 000

Flexibility Instrument

7 000

2 000

2 000

2 000

2 000

2 000

2 000

2 000

14 000

European Investment Stabilisation Function

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

European Peace Facility

9 223

753

970

1 177

1 376

1 567

1 707

1 673

9 223

TOTAL OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

26 023

4 953

5 170

5 377

5 576

5 767

5 907

5 873

38 623

TOTAL MFF + OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

1 160 606

185 978

190 463

193 592

194 838

196 647

200 595

200 600

1 362 712

as a percentage of GNI

1.14  %

1.32  %

1.34  %

1.35  %

1.34  %

1.34  %

1.35  %

1.33  %

1.34  %


Annex II – MFF 2021-2027: ceilings and instruments outside the ceilings (current prices)

(EUR million – current prices)

 

Commission proposal

Parliament position

Commitment appropriations

Total

2021-2027

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

Total

2021-2027

I.  Single Market, Innovation and Digital

187 370

32 935

33 562

34 555

34 601

35 167

36 037

36 539

243 395

II.  Cohesion and Values

442 412

63 700

68 071

71 742

74 084

76 601

81 084

81 235

516 517

Of which: Economic, social and territorial cohesion

373 000

55 335

57 052

58 899

60 799

62 756

64 776

66 918

426 534

III.  Natural Resources and Environment

378 920

61 316

62 544

63 804

65 099

66 424

67 785

69 174

456 146

IV.  Migration and Border Management

34 902

3 425

4 751

5 084

5 455

5 658

5 936

6 140

36 448

V.  Security and Defence

27 515

3 397

3 545

3 559

3 743

4 091

4 439

5 098

27 872

VI.  Neighbourhood and the World

123 002

16 308

16 709

17 242

17 923

18 788

19 878

21 188

128 036

VII.  European Public Administration

85 287

11 024

11 385

11 819

12 235

12 532

12 949

13 343

85 287

Of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

66 028

8 625

8 877

9 197

9 496

9 663

9 951

10 219

66 028

TOTAL COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS

1 279 408

192 105

200 567

207 804

213 140

219 261

228 107

232 717

1 493 701

as a percentage of GNI

1.11  %

1.29  %

1.31  %

1.31  %

1.30  %

1.30  %

1.31  %

1.29  %

1.30  %

TOTAL PAYMENT APPROPRIATIONS

1 246 263

184 743

190 843

205 790

211 144

216 728

222 569

228 739

1 460 556

as a percentage of GNI

1.08  %

1.24  %

1.24  %

1.30  %

1.29  %

1.28  %

1.28  %

1.27  %

1.27  %

OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emergency aid reserve

4 734

1 061

1 082

1 104

1 126

1 149

1 172

1 195

7 889

European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)

1 578

212

216

221

225

230

234

239

1 578

European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF)

4 734

1 061

1 082

1 104

1 126

1 149

1 172

1 195

7 889

Flexibility Instrument

7 889

2 122

2 165

2 208

2 252

2 297

2 343

2 390

15 779

European Investment Stabilisation Function

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

European Peace Facility

10 500

800

1 050

1 300

1 550

1 800

2 000

2 000

10 500

TOTAL OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

29 434

5 256

5 596

5 937

6 279

6 624

6 921

7 019

43 633

TOTAL MFF + OUTSIDE THE MFF CEILINGS

1 308 843

197 361

206 163

213 741

219 419

225 885

235 028

239 736

1 537 334

as a percentage of GNI

1,14 %

1,32 %

1,34 %

1,35 %

1,34 %

1,34 %

1,35 %

1,33 %

1,34 %


Annex III – MFF 2021-2027: breakdown per programme (2018 prices)

N.B.: For the purpose of comparison, the table follows the structure of the individual EU programmes as proposed by the Commission, without any prejudice to possible changes that may be requested during the legislative procedure leading to the adoption of these programmes.

(EUR million – 2018 prices)

 

2014-2020 MFF (EU27+EDF)

Commission proposal 2021-2027

Parliament position

2021-2027

I.  Single Market, Innovation and Digital

116 361

166 303

216 010

1.  Research and Innovation

69 787

91 028

127 537

Horizon Europe

64 674

83 491

120 000

Euratom Research and Training Programme

2 119

2 129

2 129

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)

2 992

5 406

5 406

Other

2

2

2

2.  European Strategic Investments

31 886

44 375

51 798

InvestEU Fund

3 968

13 065

14 065

Connecting Europe Facility (total H1 contribution)

including:

17 579

21 721

28 083

Connecting Europe Facility – Transport

12 393

11 384

17 746

Connecting Europe Facility – Energy

4 185

7 675

7 675

Connecting Europe Facility–- Digital

1 001

2 662

2 662

Digital Europe Programme

172

8 192

8 192

Other

9 097

177

177

Decentralised agencies

1 069

1 220

1 281

3.  Single Market

5 100

5 672

8 423

Single Market Programme (incl. COSME)

3 547

3 630

5 823

EU Anti-Fraud Programme

156

161

322

Cooperation in the field of taxation (FISCALIS)

226

239

300

Cooperation in the field of customs (CUSTOMS)

536

843

843

Sustainable Tourism

 

 

300

Other

61

87

87

Decentralised agencies

575

714

748

4.  Space

11 502

14 404

15 225

European Space Programme

11 308

14 196

15 017

Decentralised agencies

194

208

208

Margin

-1 913

10 824

13 026

II.  Cohesion and Values

387 250

391 974

457 540

5.  Regional Development and Cohesion

272 647

242 209

272 647

ERDF + Cohesion Fund

including:

272 411

241 996

272 411

European Regional Development Fund

196 564

200 622

 

Cohesion Fund

75 848

41 374

 

Of which contribution to the Connecting Europe Facility – Transport

11 487

10 000

 

Support to the Turkish-Cypriot Community

236

213

236

6.  Economic and Monetary Union

273

22 281

22 281

Reform Support Programme

185

22 181

22 181

Protection of the Euro Against Counterfeiting

7

7

7

Other

81

93

93

7.  Investing in People, Social Cohesion and Values

115 729

123 466

157 612

European Social Fund+ (including EUR 5.9 billion for a Child Guarantee)

96 216

89 688

106 781

Of which health, employment and social innovation

1 075

1 042

1 095

Erasmus+

13 699

26 368

41 097

European Solidarity Corps

373

1 113

1 113

Creative Europe

1 403

1 642

2 806

Justice

316

271

316

Rights and values, including at least EUR 500 million for a Union values strand

594

570

1 627

Other

1 158

1 185

1 185

Decentralised agencies

1 971

2 629

2 687

Margin

-1 399

4 018

4 999

III.  Natural Resources and Environment

399 608

336 623

404 718

8.  Agriculture and Maritime Policy

390 155

330 724

391 198

EAGF + EAFRD

including:

382 855

324 284

383 255

European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF)

286 143

254 247

 

European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)

96 712

70 037

 

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund

6 243

5 448

6 867

Other

962

878

962

Decentralised agencies

95

113

113

9.  Environment and Climate Action

3 492

5 085

11 520

Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

3 221

4 828

6 442

Just Energy Transition Fund

 

 

4 800

Decentralised agencies

272

257

278

Margin

5 960

814

1 999

IV.  Migration and Border Management

10 051

30 829

32 194

10.  Migration

7 180

9 972

10 314

Asylum and Migration Fund

6 745

9 205

9 205

Decentralised agencies*

435

768

1 109

11.  Border Management

5 492

18 824

19 848

Integrated Border Management Fund

2 773

8 237

8 237

Decentralised agencies*

2 720

10 587

11 611

Margin

-2 621

2 033

2 033

V.  Security and Defence

1 964

24 323

24 639

12.  Security

3 455

4 255

4 571

Internal Security Fund

1 200

2 210

2 210

Nuclear Decommissioning

including:

1 359

1 045

1 359

Nuclear Decommissioning (Lithuania)

459

490

692

Nuclear safety and decommissioning (incl. for Bulgaria and Slovakia)

900

555

667

Decentralised agencies

896

1 001

1 002

13.  Defence

575

17 220

17 220

European Defence Fund

575

11 453

11 453

Military Mobility

0

5 767

5 767

14.  Crisis Response

1 222

1 242

1 242

Union Civil Protection Mechanism (rescEU)

560

1 242

1 242

Other

662

p.m.  

p.m.

Margin

-3 289

1 606

1 606

VI.  Neighbourhood and the World

96 295

108 929

113 386

15.  External Action

85 313

93 150

96 809

Instrument(s) in support of neighbourhood and development policies, including the EDF successor and an investment plan for Africa

71 767

79 216

82 716

Humanitarian Aid

8 729

9 760

9 760

Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

2 101

2 649

2 649

Overseas Countries and Territories (including Greenland)

594

444

594

Other

801

949

949

Decentralised agencies

144

132

141

16.  Pre-accession assistance

13 010

12 865

13 010

Pre-Accession Assistance

13 010

12 865

13 010

Margin

-2 027

2 913

3 567

VII.  European Public Administration

70 791

75 602

75 602

European Schools and Pensions

14 047

17 055

17 055

Administrative expenditure of the institutions

56 744

58 547

58 547

TOTAL

1 082 320

1 134 583

1 324 089

In % GNI (EU-27)

1.16  %

1.11  %

1.30  %

* The EP amount for decentralised agencies in clusters 10 and 11 includes the financial impact of the Commission proposals of 12 September 2018 on EASO and the European Border and Coast Guard.


Annex IV - MFF 2021-2027: breakdown per programme (current prices)

(EUR million – current prices)

 

2014-2020 MFF (EU27+EDF)

Commission proposal 2021-2027

Parliament position

2021-2027

I.  Single Market, Innovation and Digital

114 538

187 370

243 395

1.  Research and Innovation

68 675

102 573

143 721

Horizon Europe

63 679

94 100

135 248

Euratom Research and Training Programme

2 085

2 400

2 400

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)

2 910

6 070

6 070

Other

1

3

3

2.  European Strategic Investments

31 439

49 973

58 340

InvestEU Fund

3 909

14 725

15 852

Connecting Europe Facility (total H1 contribution)

including:

17 435

24 480

31 651

Connecting Europe Facility – Transport

12 281

12 830

20 001

Connecting Europe Facility–- Energy

4 163

8 650

8 650

Connecting Europe Facility – Digital

991

3 000

3 000

Digital Europe Programme

169

9 194

9 194

Other

8 872

200

200

Decentralised agencies

1 053

1 374

1 444

3.  Single Market

5 017

6 391

9 494

Single Market Programme (incl. COSME)

3 485

4 089

6 563

EU Anti-Fraud Programme

153

181

363

Cooperation in the field of taxation (FISCALIS)

222

270

339

Cooperation in the field of customs (CUSTOMS)

526

950

950

Sustainable Tourism

 

 

338

Other

59

98

98

Decentralised agencies

572

804

843

4.  Space

11 274

16 235

17 160

European Space Programme

11 084

16 000

16 925

Decentralised agencies

190

235

235

Margin

-1 866

12 198

14 680

II.  Cohesion and Values

380 738

442 412

516 517

5.  Regional Development and Cohesion

268 218

273 240

307 578

ERDF + Cohesion Fund

including:

267 987

273 000

307 312

European Regional Development Fund

193 398

226 308

 

Cohesion Fund

74 589

46 692

 

Of which contribution to the Connecting Europe Facility – Transport

11 306

11 285

 

Support to the Turkish-Cypriot Community

231

240

266

6.  Economic and Monetary Union

275

25 113

25 113

Reform Support Programme

188

25 000

25 000

Protection of the Euro Against Counterfeiting

7

8

8

Other

79

105

105

7.  Investing in People, Social Cohesion and Values

113 636

139 530

178 192

European Social Fund+ (including EUR 5.9 billion in 2018 prices for a Child Guarantee)

94 382

101 174

120 457

Of which health, employment and social innovation

1 055

1 174

1 234

Erasmus+

13 536

30 000

46 758

European Solidarity Corps

378

1 260

1 260

Creative Europe

1 381

1 850

3 162

Justice

 

305

356

Rights and values, including at least EUR 500 million in 2018 prices for a Union values strand

 

642

1 834

Other

1 131

1 334

1 334

Decentralised agencies

1 936

2 965

3 030

Margin

-1 391

4 528

5 634

III.  Natural Resources and Environment

391 849

378 920

456 146

8.  Agriculture and Maritime Policy

382 608

372 264

440 898

EAGF + EAFRD

including:

375 429

365 006

431 946

European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF)

280 351

286 195

 

European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)

95 078

78 811

 

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund

6 139

6 140

7 739

Other

946

990

1 085

Decentralised agencies

94

128

128

9.  Environment and Climate Action

3 437

5 739

12 995

Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

3 170

5 450

7 272

Just Energy Transition Fund

 

 

5 410

Decentralised agencies

267

289

313

Margin

5 804

918

2 254

IV.  Migration and Border Management

9 929

34 902

36 448

10.  Migration

7 085

11 280

11 665

Asylum and Migration Fund

6 650

10 415

10 415

Decentralised agencies*

435

865

1 250

11.  Border Management

5 439

21 331

22 493

Integrated Border Management Fund

2 734

9 318

9 318

Decentralised agencies*

2 704

12 013

13 175

Margin

-2 595

2 291

2 291

V.  Security and Defence

1 941

27 515

27 872

12.  Security

3 394

4 806

5 162

Internal Security Fund

1 179

2 500

2 500

Nuclear Decommissioning

including:

1 334

1 178

1 533

Nuclear Decommissioning (Lithuania)

451

552

780

Nuclear safety and decommissioning (incl. for Bulgaria and Slovakia)

883

626

753

Decentralised agencies

882

1 128

1 129

13.  Defence

590

19 500

19 500

European Defence Fund

590

13 000

13 000

Military Mobility

0

6 500

6 500

14.  Crisis Response

1 209

1 400

1 400

Union Civil Protection Mechanism (rescEU)

561

1 400

1 400

Other

648

p.m.

p.m

Margin

-3 253

1 809

1 809

VI.  Neighbourhood and the World

93 381

123 002

128 036

15.  External Action

82 569

105 219

109 352

Instrument(s) in support of neighbourhood and development policies, including the EDF successor and an investment plan for Africa

70 428

89 500

93 454

Humanitarian Aid

8 561

11 000

11 000

Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

2 066

3 000

3 000

Overseas Countries and Territories (including Greenland)

582

500

669

Other

790

1 070

1 070

Decentralised agencies

141

149

159

16.  Pre-accession assistance

12 799

14 500

14 663

Pre-Accession Assistance

12 799

14 500

14 663

Margin

-1 987

3 283

4 020

VII.  European Public Administration

69 584

85 287

85 287

European Schools and Pensions

13 823

19 259

19 259

Administrative expenditure of the institutions

55 761

66 028

66 028

TOTAL

1 061 960

1 279 408

1 493 701

In % GNI (EU-27)

1.16  %

1.11  %

1.30  %

* The EP amount for decentralised agencies in clusters 10 and 11 includes the financial impact of the Commission proposals of 12 September 2018 on EASO and the European Border and Coast Guard.

Last updated: 20 December 2018Legal notice