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Towards a new Parliament

European Parliament: how to elect…
  1. The President of the European Parliament
    1 President
    A renewable term of
    two and a half years
    • Election Procedure:
      The candidate who obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast in a secret ballot is elected president. If an absolute majority cannot be obtained after three ballots, the fourth ballot will be confined to the two members who obtained the highest number of votes in the third ballot.
    • Duties :
      The President directs Parliament's activities, chairs plenary sittings and declares the budget finally adopted. The President represents Parliament in the outside world and in its relations with the other EU institutions.
    Vice presidents
    14 Vice Presidents
    They are 14 and shall be elected on a single ballot paper.
    Duties :
    When the president is absent, they can replace him or her in the EP. The president can also delegate duties to them, such as representing the Parliament at specific ceremonies or acts.
  2. The political groups

    The members of the European Parliament sit in political groups. These are organised by political affiliation and not by nationality.

    Each group possesses a chair (or two co-chairs in the case of some groups), a bureau and a secretariat.

    A group needs:
    • a minimum of 25 MEPs
    • To represent at least one fourth of member states.

    Non-attached Members: Members do not belong to any political group.

    The conference of president
    President of Parliament + the chairs of the political groups
    It sets the agenda of the EP. It's the the authority responsible for the composition and competence of committees, committees of inquiry and joint parliamentary committees and the delegations.
  3. The Bureau
    1. 1 President
    2. 14 Vice Presidents
    3. Quaestors
    • elected on a singla ballot paper 
    • in an advisory capacity. 
    The bureau is responsible for taking financial, organisational and administrative decisions on matters concerning MEPs and the Parliament's internal organisation.
  4. The Committees
    • A committee consists of 25 to 71 MEPs.
    • Each committee possesses a chair, a bureau and a secretariat.
    • The political make-up of the committees reflects that of the plenary assembly.

    They prepare the work of the plenary sessions in their respective areas of competence. They draw up, amend and adopt legislative proposals and own-initiative reports.

    They consider Commission and Council proposals and, where necessary, draw up reports to be presented to the plenary assembly.

    The Conference of Committee Chairs

    The chairs of all the committees.

  5. The Delegations

    The delegations are formed by 12 to over 70 MEPs.

    In the past legislature there were 41 delegations


    They maintain relations and exchange information with parliaments in non-EU countries. They help to represent the EU externally and to promote its values: liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law.

    • Sources: Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament