The members of the European Parliament sit in political groups. These are organised by political affiliation and not by nationality.
Each group possesses a chair (or two co-chairs in the case of some groups), a bureau and a secretariat.
Non-attached Members: Members do not belong to any political group.
There are currently seven political groups in the European parliament. As in any other parliament, they play an important role in influencing the decisions the Parliament takes. Unlike other parliaments, political groups bring together members from different nationalities.
Before every vote in plenary the political groups scrutinise the reports drawn up by the parliamentary committees and table amendments to them. None of the political groups in the European Parliament has a majority, so groups have to seek support from other groups to make sure their amendments are adopted. The position adopted by the political groups is arrived at by discussion within the group. No MEP can be forced to vote in a particular way.