Facts and figures on the composition of Parliament
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) briefings provide up-to-date key facts and figures about the European Parliament, its activities and the electoral process.
This EPRS briefing is designed to provide key facts and figures about the European Parliament, both today - during the current 2014 to 2019 parliamentary term - and in the seven previous terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979.
On the related pages you will find graphics, charts and figures on
- the composition of the European Parliament now and in the past,
- the increase in the number of parties represented in the Parliament and evolution of political groups,
- the rise in the number of women sitting in the Parliament,
- the electoral systems used in elections to the Parliament across the member states,
- turnout in European elections compared with national elections,
- Parliament's work in the 2009-14 term, and so far in the current term,
- the annual cost of the Parliament compared with other parliaments, and
- the composition of the Parliament’s main governing bodies.
Parliament's future composition
The number of MEPs after Brexit and the 2019 elections will be reduced to 705.
Monitoring European and National Election Results
DG COMM’s Public Opinion Monitoring Unit, in the light of future and past European elections, focusses on tracking carefully any change in the political offer within the EU member states. The POM Unit is constantly monitoring the national and European political spectrum. We follow elections, referenda and political developments in the member states with regard to their relevance and impact on the European Union and the composition of the European Parliament.
The regularly updated Review of European and National Election Results is the most complete and comprehensive database of developments in the political spectrum across the EU since the first direct European elections in 1979.