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Czech Republic - Electoral Law
Election to the European Parliament : 11 and 12 June 2004 - Electoral Procedure

1. LEGAL BASIS
The law on European Parliament's elections was adopted by the Parliament on 18 February 2003, signed by the Prime Minister and published in the official journal on 3rd March 2003
2. ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Proportional representation, universal suffrage.

For elections to the European Parliament the Czech Republic is treated as a single constituency.

Allocation of seats: lists gaining less than 5 % of the total votes cast are not entitled to parliamentary representation.

3. REGISTRATION OF CANDIDATES
Deadline for registration: 66 days before the election date, i.e. 6 April 2004
Deposit: the contribution to election expenses is CZK 15 000 for each party, political movement or coalition.
Incompatibilities: an MEP may not be a member of the government, president, ombudsman, judge, public prosecutor, member of parliament or senator of the Czech Republic.
4. POLLING DAYS : 11-12 JUNE 2004
11 June 2003 - polling stations open at 14.00 and close at 22.00.
12 June 2003 - polling stations open at 08.00 and close at 14.00.
The count begins: : when the last polling station in the EU is closed (art. 40 par. 1)
5. VOTING / STANDING FOR ELECTION
Voting rights: Any EU citizen aged 18 or over on the second polling day at the latest with full voting rights in their Member State of origin is entitled to vote. Citizens other than Czech Republic citizens must be registered as resident for at least 45 days.
Eligibility: Any EU citizen aged 21 mainly resident in the Czech Republic with full eligibility rights in their Member State of origin may stand for election. Other EU citizens may stand for election if they have been registered as resident for at least 45 days.
6. ELECTION CAMPAIGN
Funding: Reimbursement of expenses: certain election expenses are refunded to parties gaining at least 1 % of the total valid votes cast. They receive CZK 30 per vote (about €1).
Election campaign: starts 16 days before (i.e. 25 May 2004.) the election date. Campaign posters may be displayed.

Media access: Political parties, movements and coalitions may be presented on the Český rozhlas radio channel and the Česká televize television channel for a total of 14 hours, starting 16 days before polling day and ending 48 hours before. Broadcasting time is shared fairly between parties, political movements and coalitions. During the election period canvassing by political parties, movements and coalitions is prohibited.

Opinion polls: Publication of opinion polls by any legal entity, on any radio or television channel, is prohibited for the period starting three days before polling day and ending on the day of publication of the results.