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Kezdőlap >> Az Ön szava Európában >> Finnország >> Választási törvény

Finland - Electoral Law
(Election to the European Parliament: 13 June 2004)

1. LEGAL BASIS
The Election Act was passed on 2 October 1998 (Law No. 714/1998), replacing all previous electoral laws. The law was amended on 5 April 2002. (Minor amendments are made in 2003 to the list of candidacy incompatibilities, to make the law correspond with the Act on Elections to the European Parliament.)
2. ELECTORAL SYSTEM
Proportional representation: the whole country forms a single constituency. Candidates stand at national level and are counted on a national basis. Preference voting.
Allocation of seats: d’Hondt method. After each party, electoral alliance and joint list has been allocated the number of seats to which it is entitled, the candidates on the lists are ranked according to the number of preference votes they have received.
3. REGISTRATION OF CANDIDATES
Deadline for registration: 4 May 2004 at 4 pm.
Deposit: None.

Conditions: The following organisations may put forward candidates :

  • Political parties: Two or more political parties may also form electoral alliances.
  • Electoral associations: Each electoral association may put forward a candidate. At least 2000 founder members eligible to vote are required to establish an electoral association (written agreement of each founder member required). Electoral associations may form joint lists.
  • Each political party, electoral alliance or joint list may put forward a maximum of 20 candidates.

Incompatibilities: Those laid down in the Act on Elections to the European Parliament and, currently, based on the Election Act (714/1998), the following persons:

  • Members of the Finnish Government: civil servants who, under the Finnish constitution, may not stand as candidates for the Finnish Parliament (military personnel, Chancellor of Justice, Vice-Chancellor of Justice, Members of the Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court, Ombudsman and Vice-Ombudsman of the Finnish Parliament).
4. POLLING DAY : 13 JUNE 2004
Other elections on the same day:
Polling hours:
The count begins: 8 pm on polling day for the votes of 13 June, and in the afternoon of 13 June for the advance votes.
End of count and provisional results: between 10 pm and midnight on polling day.
Final results: on 16 June 2004.
5. VOTING / STANDING FOR ELECTION

Right to vote:

  • All Finnish citizens aged 18 or over are eligible to vote, regardless of domicile.
  • Citizens of other EU Member States aged 18 or over are eligible to vote if they are domiciled in Finland on the 51st day before the election day and if they apply for the right to vote not later than on the 80th day before the election day.
  • Citizens of other EU Member States who previously registered to vote in the 1999 EP elections in Finland and are still domiciled in Finland will automatically have the right to vote in the 2004 EP elections, provided that they have not asked to be removed from the Finnish register.
  • EU citizens who have lost their right to vote in their Member State of origin may not vote in the Finnish EP elections.
Voting is not compulsory.
Advance voting: Voters may also vote in advance in post offices, hospitals and certain other institutions as well as in Finnish diplomatic missions or their offices. Advance voting in Finland begins on 2 June 2004 and ends on 8 June 2004; advance voting abroad begins on 2 June 2004 and ends on 5 June 2004. Votes cast in advance will be counted on election day.
Right to stand for election: Any Finnish citizen or citizen of another EU country aged 18 or over who has the right to vote may also stand for election, except persons subject to a care order. See also : incompatibilities.
6. ELECTION CAMPAIGN
Funding: no specific rules. The draft budget for 1999 included a provision of circa 1 million euro for EP election-related information activities of political parties ; the budget provision for 2004 is not yet known.
Official campaign starting date: No rules or restrictions.

Media access: No rules or restrictions. Under the Act on Political Parties, the Finnish Broadcasting Company (a national public service company) is required to give equal treatment to political parties in its election broadcasts, subject to journalistic criteria.

Opinion polls: No rules or restrictions.