EP Timeline: from past to present

 Welcome

Welcome to the EP Timeline, a special tool to show you how the European Parliament has evolved over time. Adjusting the timeline permits you to travel through Europe’s history from the Second World War until now and see how the Parliament has grown against a background of world developments and changes to the European Union.

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  1. step 1: Welcome (selected)
  2. step 2: Mode
  3. step 3: Zoom
  4. step 4: Media gallery
 
Mode

You can get additional information by adjusting the mode selector underneath the zoom switch. Switching it to the top option (which looks like a pie chart) will enable you to see information for the period you are looking at in the timeline, so if for example in the timeline you are in 1986, you will find information on the Parliament and the EU in that year.

It is also possible to switch the mode selector to the bottom option (what looks like a box with horizontal lines) you can find information about the Parliament and the EU for the whole period in order to get an idea of long-term trends.

 
Zoom

Use the left button of your mouse to go through the timeline. Simply click and drag. Go left to travel back in time, right to move forward.

To go faster through time, turn the zoom button – which can be found to the left of the timeline - towards the minus (-) sign. To look at a period in more detail, turn the zoom towards the plus (+) sign.

Click on the options above the timeline to change what information you want to see.

By clicking on a coloured line in the timeline, you are able to read more information about what happened at that point in time.

 
Media gallery

Not content just reading about an event? You can also see additional pictures by clicking on the icon/arrow in the top right corner. To read the text again, simply click on the icon/arrow to the left of the displayed photo.

  1. step 1: Welcome
  2. step 2: Mode
  3. step 3: Zoom
  4. step 4: Media gallery (selected)
 
 

Main navigation

Before the first parliamentary term                                         
Dates: 1944 - June 1979
  1. May 1945 - Europe and the world : World War II ends       
  2. 19 September 1946 - European Union history : Churchill: "United States of Europe"       
  3. 9 May 1950 - European Union history : Schuman Declaration       
  4. 23 July 1952 - European Union history (treaty): Treaty of Paris       
  5. January 1958 - Europe and the world : Hungarian uprising       
  6. 25 March 1957 - European Union history (treaty): Treaty of Rome       
  7. 19 March 1958 - European Parliament history : European Parliamentary Assembly       
  8. August 1961 - Europe and the world : The Berlin Wall       
  9. March 1962 - European Parliament history : European Parliament       
  10. August 1968 - Europe and the world : Prague Spring       
  11. 1 January 1971 - European Union history (treaty): Treaty of Luxembourg       
  12. 1 January 1973 - European Union history (enlargement): First enlargement       
  13. 25 April 1974 - Europe and the world : End dictatorships in Portugal       
  14. 24 July 1974 - Europe and the world : Fall of dictatorships in Greece       
  15. 14 January 1975 - European Parliament history : Towards direct European elections       
  16. 10 July 1975 - European Parliament history : Call for Charter of rights       
  17. 1 June 1977 - European Union history (treaty): Treaty of Brussels       
  18. 6 December 1978 - Europe and the world : Democracy in Spain       
  19. 7-10 June 1979 - European Parliament history (elections): First direct European elections       
1rt Parliamentary term                 
2nd Parliamentary term                 
3rd Parliamentary term                 
4th Parliamentary term                 
5th Parliamentary term                 
6th Parliamentary term                 
Dates: July 2004 - June 2009
  1. October 2004 - European Parliament history : Commissioner hearings       
  2. 29 May - 1 June 2005 - European Union history : EU Constitution rejected       
  3. 7 July 2005 - Europe and the world : London terrorist attacks       
  4. 3 April 2006 - European Parliament history : Live broadcast of plenary       
  5. 15 November 2006 - European Parliament history : Services directive       
  6. 1 January 2007 - European Union history (enlargement): Enlargement: Bulgaria, Romania       
  7. 19 January 2008 - European Parliament history : Committees broadcast online       
  8. 5 March 2009 - European Parliament history : Hillary Clinton       
  9. 9 April 2009 - European Parliament history : EP Facebook launched       
  10. 4-7 June 2009 - European Parliament history (elections): European elections       
7th Parliamentary term                 
Dates: July 2009 - June 2014
  1. 1 December 2009 - European Union history (treaty): Lisbon Treaty       
  2. January 2010 - European Parliament history : Commissioners hearings       
  3. 11 February 2010 - European Parliament history : Swift agreement rejected       
  4. 29 April 2010 - European Parliament history : EP office in Washington       
  5. 17 December 2010 - Europe and the world : Arab Spring       
  6. 14 October 2011 - European Parliament history : EP opens visitor center       
  7. 24 January 2012 - European Parliament history : Bill Gates       
  8. 1 April 2012 - European Parliament history : European Citizens' Initiative       
  9. 4 July 2012 - European Parliament history : No to ACTA       
  10. 10 December 2012 - European Union history : EU gets Nobel Peace Prize       
  11. 1 July 2013 - European Union history (enlargement): Enlargement Croatia       
  12. 28 October 2013 - European Parliament history : Facebook 1,000,000       
  13. 17-21 November 2013 - European Parliament history : 25 years of Sakharov Prize       
  14. 22-25 May 2014 - European Parliament history (elections): European elections       
8th Parliamentary term                 
 
  • EU history  
  • EP history  
  • Europe and the world  
  • Treaty  
  • Enlargement  
  • Elections  
   

8th parliamentary term: June 2014 - present

  • 22 October 2014 2014 : Parliament approves Juncker commission

     

    Description

    MEPs approve the new European commission after holding hearings to scrutinise the candidate commissioners, leading to Slovenian Alenka Bratušek being replaced and some portfolios being reshuffled. Earlier, the Parliament supported Jean-Claude Juncker as Commission President. The former Luxembourg prime minister had been put forward by EPP prior to the European elections.

    Media gallery (22 October 2014)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 22 October 2014 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 22 October 2014 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 22 October 2014 - Media 3 (photo) 
    1. EP President Martin Schulz hands over to EC President Jean-Claude Juncker the decision of the EP to elect the new commission.  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Jean-Claude Juncker presents the new Commission to the Parliament.  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3. Parliament elects new European Commission.  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (22 October 2014)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Croatian
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    28
     
  • 22-25 May 2014 : 2014 European elections

     

    Description

    The eighth European elections take place in 28 EU countries. The European People’s Party (EPP) retains the largest political group in Parliament, but new parties gain influence. Turnout remains largely at 2009 level.

    Media gallery (22-25 May 2014)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 22-25 May 2014 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 22-25 May 2014 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 22-25 May 2014 - Media 3 (photo) 
    4. 22-25 May 2014 - Media 4 (photo) 
    1. Elections night 2014 at the European Parliament (image 1)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Elections night 2014 at the European Parliament (image 2)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3. Elections night 2014 at the European Parliament (image 3)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    4. Elections night 2014 at the European Parliament (image 4)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (22-25 May 2014)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Croatian
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    28
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 2014

Number of MEPs:
751 MEPs
Composition
  •     GUE/NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left 52MEPs
  •     S&D: Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament 191MEPs
  •     Greens/EFA: Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 50MEPs
  •     ALDE: Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 67MEPs
  •     EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) 221MEPs
  •     ECR: European Conservatives and Reformists Group 70MEPs
  •     EFDD: Europe of freedom and direct democracy Group 48MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 52MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 63%
  •     Women 37%
   
 

7th parliamentary term: June 2009 - May 2014

  • 17-21 November 2013 : Parliament marks 25 years of human rights award

     

    Description

    Parliament celebrates the 25th anniversary of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Throught with a conference in Strasbourg bringing together 22 former laureates. Over the years, the prize named after Soviet scientist and dissdent Andrei Sakharov has established itself as one of the most prestigious awards for human rights defenders.

    Media gallery (17-21 November 2013)   

    Media gallery

    The Sakharov Prize is awarded to people who fight human rights abuses  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (17-21 November 2013)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Croatian
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    28
     
  • 28 October 2013 : EP reaches 1,000,000 fans on Facebook

     

    Description

    The Parliament's Facebook page reaches one million fans highlighting the role of social media in enabling dialogue between politicians and the public

    Media gallery (28 October 2013)   

    Media gallery

    EP reaches on million fans on Facebook  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (28 October 2013)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Croatian
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    28
     
  • 1 July 2013 : Croatia joins the EU

     

    Description

    Croatia becomes the 28th member of the EU and newly-elected Croatian MEPs take their seats in the European Parliament

    Media gallery (1 July 2013)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 July 2013 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 July 2013 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Croatia becomes the 28th member of the EU  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 July 2013)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Croatian
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    28
     
  • 10 December 2012 : EU gets Nobel Peace Prize

     

    Description

    EU is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo for the contribution of Europeans to peace and reconciliation

    Media gallery (10 December 2012)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 10 December 2012 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 10 December 2012 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Nobel Peace Prize (1)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Nobel Peace Prize (2)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (10 December 2012)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 4 July 2012 : Parliament rejects ACTA

     

    Description

    EP sides with critics of the controversial Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) who argue that some of its texts on Internet piracy may jeopardise citizens' liberties and rejects ACTA

    Media gallery (4 July 2012)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 4 July 2012 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 4 July 2012 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 4 July 2012 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. A demonstrator with ACTA stickers on his mouth takes part in a protest  © BELGA/AFP/J.SKARZYNSKI
       
    2. Hand over of the Petition on ACTA to the Chair of the EP Committee on Petitions  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3.  
    View description (4 July 2012)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 1 April 2012 : European Citizens' Initiative enters into force

    Description

    European Citizens' Initiative enters into force - an instrument introduced with the Lisbon Treaty that allows people to have direct influence on the EU political agenda

    Media gallery (1 April 2012)   

    Media gallery

    Poster on European Citizen's Initiative  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (1 April 2012)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 24 January 2012 : Bill Gates pleads for long-term commitment to aid

     

    Description

    US businessman and philanthropist Bill Gates comes to the EP to present the work of his foundation in fighting poverty and disease and to call on the EU to keep its leading role in development aid

    Media gallery (24 January 2012)   

    Media gallery

    Bill Gates  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (24 January 2012)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - 2014
    2014 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 14 October 2011 : EP opens visitor centre

     

    Description

    The Parlamentarium, the European Parliament's new visitor centre in Brussels, opens its doors to the public and quickly becomes a popular tourist attraction

    Media gallery (14 October 2011)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 14 October 2011 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 14 October 2011 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 14 October 2011 - Media 3 (photo) 
    4. 14 October 2011 - Media 4 (photo) 
    1. Parlamentarium (1)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Parlamentarium (2)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3. Parlamentarium (3)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    4. Parlamentarium (4)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (14 October 2011)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 17 December 2010 : Arab Spring: Hope for democracy

     

    Description

    Protests erupt in Tunisia bringing down the government and marking the beginning of the Arab Spring raising hope for a democratic future for the Arab world

    Media gallery (17 December 2010)   

    Media gallery

    Arab Spring  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (17 December 2010)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 29 April 2010 : Parliament opens US office

     

    Description

    The European Parliament opens a liaison office in Washington, DC. It is the first office outside the EU and reflects the importance of EU-US relations and the will to strengthen dialogue with the US Congress

    Media gallery (29 April 2010)   

    Media gallery

    The European Parliament opens a liaison office in Washington, DC.  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (29 April 2010)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 11 February 2010 : EP rejects EU-US Swift agreement over privacy

     

    Description

    Parliament exercises its newly gained power to approve or strike down international agreements and rejects an agreement on the transfer of data on EU banking transactions, carried out through the SWIFT payment network, to the US, citing privacy concerns. The EU-US deal is subsequently revised and gets the approval of the Parliament

    Media gallery (11 February 2010)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 11 February 2010 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 11 February 2010 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Parliament exercises its newly gained power to approve or strike down international agreements - rejects Swift agreement  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (11 February 2010)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • January 2010 : Commissioner nominee replaced after EP hearing

     

    Description

    The Bulgarian government replaces their candidate in the second Barroso commission, as MEPs raise concerns in a parliamentary hearing over an alleged conflict of interests for the initial nominee Rumiana Jeleva.

    Media gallery (January 2010)   

    Media gallery

    The Bulgarian government replaces their candidate in the second Barroso commission  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (January 2010)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 1 December 2009 : Lisbon Treaty comes in force

     

    Description

    The Treaty of Lisbon completes the institutional reform of the EU and makes the Charter of Fundamental rights legally binding. The Parliament is put on an equal decision-making footing with EU governments in all but a few legal areas.

    Media gallery (1 December 2009)   

    Media gallery

    EU leaders pose in front of a European flag after they sign the "Treaty of Lisbon" in Jeronimos monastery in Lisbon  © BELGA/AFP/Eric Feferberg
     
    View description (1 December 2009)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2009 - 2012
    Name: Jerzy Buzek
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: PL
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 4-7 June 2009 : 2009 European elections

     

    Description

    In the seventh European elections voters from 27 countries elect 736 MEPs. The centre-right EPP retains its majority, taking about 36% of the seats, followed by the Socialists and Democrats with 25% and Liberals with 11%.

    Media gallery (4-7 June 2009)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 4-7 June 2009 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 4-7 June 2009 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. European Elections 1999, EL poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. European Elections 1999, PT poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (4-7 June 2009)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2012 - … (present)
    Name: Martin Schulz
    Political group: S&D
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 2009

Number of MEPs:
736 MEPs
754 MEPs from 1 December 2009 (Lisbon Treaty entering into force)
766 MEPs from 1 July 2013 (Croatia joining)
Composition
  •     GUE/NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left 35MEPs
  •     S&D: Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament 184MEPs
  •     Greens/EFA: Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 55MEPs
  •     ALDE: Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 84MEPs
  •     EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) 265MEPs
  •     ECR: European Conservatives and Reformists Group 54MEPs
  •     EFD: Europe of freedom and democracy Group 32MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 27MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 69%
  •     Women 31%
   
 

6th parliamentary term: July 2004 - June 2009

  • 9 April 2009 : Parliament on Facebook

     

    Description

    EP launches its Facebook page. Over time, Facebook chats become a popular channel for direct communication between MEPs and people

    Media gallery (9 April 2009)   

    Media gallery

    EP launches its Facebook page  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (9 April 2009)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2007 - 2009
    Name: Hans-Gert Pöttering
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 5 March 2009 : Hillary Clinton visits EP

     

    Description

    US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits the European Parliament and takes part in a lively debate with young people from across Europe

    Media gallery (5 March 2009)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 5 March 2009 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 5 March 2009 - Media 2 (video) 
    3. 5 March 2009 - Media 3 (video) 
    View description (5 March 2009)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2007 - 2009
    Name: Hans-Gert Pöttering
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 19 January 2008 : EP launches web streaming of committee meetings

     

    Description

    In order to enhance the transparency of its work and improve public awareness of the law-making process, the European Parliament launches web streaming of committee meetings. Soon all committee meetings are available online both live and on demand after the end of the sitting

     
     
    President
     
    President in: 2007 - 2009
    Name: Hans-Gert Pöttering
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 1 January 2007 : EU grows to 27 member states

     

    Description

    Bulgaria and Romania join the EU

    Media gallery (1 January 2007)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 2007 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 2007 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 1 January 2007 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. A Romanian youth holds EU and Romanian flags at a New Year celebration party in Piata Universitatii Square in Bucharest  © BELGA/AFP/D.MIHAILESCU
       
    2. A clock counting the number of days left until 01 January 2007, the day when Bulgaria join the European Union.  © BELGA/AFP/V.PETROVA
       
    3.  
    View description (1 January 2007)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Romanian
    • Bulgarian
    • Irish
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    27
     
  • 15 November 2006 : Parliament adopts services directive

     

    Description

    Parliament approves the services directive, which aims to develop the EU's single market in services. MEPs play an essential role in brokering a deal on this controversial subject

    Media gallery (15 November 2006)   

    Media gallery

    Parliament adopts services directive  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (15 November 2006)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • 3 April 2006 : EP launches live streaming of plenary sessions

     

    Description

    The European Parliament provides live streaming of the plenary session for the first time. Over the next few years the Parliament ensures the live streaming of all plenary and committee meetings

    Media gallery (3 April 2006)   

    Media gallery

    First EP Live streaming of plenary  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (3 April 2006)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • 7 July 2005 : Suicide attacks in London

     

    Description

    Coordinated suicide attacks on the London public transport system take the lives of 52, about 700 suffer injuries

    Media gallery (7 July 2005)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 7 July 2005 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 7 July 2005 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Floral tributes outside Kings Cross Station the day after the underground bomb there. 8 July 2005   © BELGA/NEWSCOM/M.DAY
       
    2. The bus destroyed in a terrorist bomb explosion 07 July 2005 in Woburn Place  © BELGA/EPA/POOL/P.Macdiarmid
       
    View description (7 July 2005)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • 29 May - 1 June 2005 : Constitution of Europe fails to get public support

     

    Description

    The Constitution of Europe, drafted by the Convention and signed by EU heads of state, is rejected in referenda in France and the Netherlands

    Media gallery (29 May - 1 June 2005)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 29 May - 1 June 2005 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 29 May - 1 June 2005 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 29 May - 1 June 2005 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. A supporters for the 'NO' to EU constitution attend a rally in central Paris  © BELGA/EPA/O.HOSLET
       
    2. A wall bears graffitti that says No, in Amsterdam  © BELGA/AFP/J.D.MCHUGH
       
    3.  
    View description (29 May - 1 June 2005)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • October 2004 : Parliament forces changes in Commission line-up

     

    Description

    During commissioner hearings in the run-up to the vote on the appointment of the new Commission, MEPs raise questions on the suitability of several candidates nominated by member states, notably Italian candidate Rocco Buttiglione. Mr Barroso, already appointed as Commission president, is forced to withdraw the proposal and come up with a revised line up

    Media gallery (October 2004)   

    Media gallery

    Commissioners hearings. Italian candidate Buttiglione was replaced.  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (October 2004)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • 10-13 June 2004 : 2004 European elections

     

    Description

    Elections for the European parliament take place in 25 member states. The centre-right EPP-ED win 37% of the 736 seats

    Media gallery (10-13 June 2004)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 10-13 June 2004 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 10-13 June 2004 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 10-13 June 2004 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. European Elections 2004, PL poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. European Elections 2004, Lux poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3.  
    View description (10-13 June 2004)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2004 - 2007
    Name: Josep Borrell Fontelles
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 2004

Number of MEPs:
732 MEPs
Composition
  •     GUE-NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left 41MEPs
  •     PES: Socialist Group in the European Parliament 200MEPs
  •     Greens/EFA: Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 42MEPs
  •     ALDE: Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 88MEPs
  •     EPP-ED: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats 268MEPs
  •     IND/DEM: Independence/Democracy Group 37MEPs
  •     UEN: Union for Europe of the Nations Group 27MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 29MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 69%
  •     Women 31%
   
 

5th parliamentary term: July 2000 - June 2004

  • 1 May 2004 : EU expands to the east

     

    Description

    Ten countries, mostly from Eastern Europe, join the EU in the largest enlargement so far: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia

    Media gallery (1 May 2004)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 May 2004 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 May 2004 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. The flags of the 10 new member states of the EU, in front of the European Parliament in Strasbourg   © BELGA/AFP/G.CERLES
       
    2.  
    View description (1 May 2004)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2002 - 2004
    Name: Pat Cox
    Political group: ELDR
    -
    country: IE
    Languages
    • Slovenian
    • Slovakian
    • Polish
    • Maltese
    • Lithuanian
    • Latvian
    • Hungarian
    • Estonian
    • Czech
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    25
     
  • 11 March 2004 : Madrid train bombings

     

    Description

    Coordinated bombings on four commuter trains kill 191 and wound 1,800 in Madrid, Spain

    Media gallery (11 March 2004)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 11 March 2004 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 11 March 2004 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Train commuters look at candles in Madrid's Atocha station  © BELGA/EPA/EFE/G.CUEVAS
       
    2. The train which exploded at the Atocha train station in Madrid  © BELGA/AFP/C.SIMON
       
    View description (11 March 2004)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2002 - 2004
    Name: Pat Cox
    Political group: ELDR
    -
    country: IE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 1 February 2003 : Treaty of Nice

     

    Description

    The Treaty of Nice reforms EU institutions to allow for the EU enlargement to Eastern Europe. It further extends the application of codecision

    Media gallery (1 February 2003)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 February 2003 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 February 2003 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Treaty of Nice  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 February 2003)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2002 - 2004
    Name: Pat Cox
    Political group: ELDR
    -
    country: IE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 28 February 2002 : Convention considers the future of Europe

     

    Description

    The Convention on the future of Europe meets for the first time in the EP in Brussels. MEPs play an active role in the work of the Convention that produces a draft Constitution for Europe in July 2003

    Media gallery (February 2002)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 28 February 2002 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 28 February 2002 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, Chairman of the European Convention  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (28 February 2002)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 2002 - 2004
    Name: Pat Cox
    Political group: ELDR
    -
    country: IE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 1 January 2002 : Euro is launched

     

    Description

    Euro notes and coins come into circulation - a crucial stage in the construction of an economic and monetary union in Europe

    Media gallery (1 January 2002)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 2002 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 2002 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Revellers outside the European Central Bank in Frankfurt  © BELGA/DPA/B.ROESSLER
       
    2. Pedestrians pass a statue holding the symbol of euro, outside the European Parliament building in Brussels  © BELGA/XINHUA/Z.LEI
       
    View description (1 January 2002)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1999 - 2002
    Name: Nicole Fontaine
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 11 September 2001 : Terrorists hit the US

     

    Description

    Planes hijacked by radical Islamists attack US targets and kill thousands of people in an unprecedented act of terrorism

    Media gallery (11 September 2001)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 11 September 2001 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 11 September 2001 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. World Trade Center Towers 11 September 2001 in New York City  © BELGA/DPA/EPA/H.M.BOESL
       
    2. The still smouldering wreckage of the World Trade Center twin towers  © BELGA/EPA
       
    View description (11 September 2001)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1999 - 2002
    Name: Nicole Fontaine
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • May 2001 : Transparency: public access to EU documents

     

    Description

    Parliament and Council sign into law a regulation setting rules for public access to documents of EU institutions

    Media gallery (May 2001)   

    Media gallery

    Documents in all official languages are ready to be picked up  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (May 2001)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1999 - 2002
    Name: Nicole Fontaine
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 7 December 2000 : Charter of Fundamental Rights

     

    Description

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU is solemnly proclaimed after having been drafted by a European convention with the active involvement of MEPs

    Media gallery (7 December 2000)   

    Media gallery

    Charter of Fundamental Rights  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (7 December 2000)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1999 - 2002
    Name: Nicole Fontaine
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 10-13 June 1999 : 1999 European elections

     

    Description

    Voters from 15 EU countries go to the polls to elect 626 MEPs. The centre-right EPP-ED becomes the largest political group for the first time

    Media gallery (10-13 June 1999)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 10-13 June 1999 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 10-13 June 1999 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 10-13 June 1999 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. European Elections 1999, IT poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. European Elections 1999, ES poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3.  
    View description (10-13 June 1999)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1999 - 2002
    Name: Nicole Fontaine
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 1999

Number of MEPs:
626 MEPs
Composition
  •     GUE/NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left 42MEPs
  •     PES: Group of the Party of European Socialists 180MEPs
  •     Greens/EFA: Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 48MEPs
  •     ELDR: Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party 50MEPs
  •     EPP-ED: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats 233MEPs
  •     EDD: Group for a Europe of Democraties and Diversities 16MEPs
  •     UEN: Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group 30MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 9MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 70%
  •     Women 30%
   
 

4th parliamentary term: July 1994 - June 1999

  • 1 May 1999 : Amsterdam Treaty brings more codecision

     

    Description

    The Amsterdam treaty simplifies and broadens the application of the codecision lawmaking procedure. Parliament gets the right to approve the Commission president

    Media gallery (1 May 1999)   

    Media gallery

    Amsterdam Treaty  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (1 May 1999)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1997 - 1999
    Name: José Maria Gil-Robles
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 15 March 1999 : Santer Commission resigns

     

    Description

    The Commission headed by Jacques Santer resigns following a damning report about the abuse of power by Commissioners requested by the EP, and ahead of a potential plenary vote of no-confidence

    Media gallery (15 March 1999)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 15 March 1999 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 15 March 1999 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Santer Commission resigns  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (15 March 1999)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1997 - 1999
    Name: José Maria Gil-Robles
    Political group: EPP-ED
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 4 November 1996 : EP launches website

     

    Description

    Parliament launches its first website. It is available in all 11 EU languages and is arguably the most multilingual website in the world at the time.

    Media gallery (4 November 1996)   

    Media gallery

    EP launches website  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (4 November 1996)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1994 - 1997
    Name: Klaus Hänsch
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • September 1996 : EP looks into handling of mad cow crisis

     

    Description

    EP sets up a committee of inquiry to investigate the delay in the European response to the "mad cow" crisis. The investigation opens the door to more effective supervision over the work of the Commission and leads to a more ambitious EU public health policy.

    Media gallery (September 1996)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. September 1996 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. September 1996 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Euthenasia of a BSE-infected cow  © BELGA/SCIENCE
       
    2. BSE-infected cows suffer from severe nerve damaged  © BELGA/HRA/SCIENCE
       
    View description (September 1996)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1994 - 1997
    Name: Klaus Hänsch
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 17 January 1995 : Poignant speech of President Mitterrand in EP

     

    Description

    French president François Mitterrand denounces nationalism and expresses his faith in the European project in a poignant speech before the European Parliament just months before his death.

    Media gallery (17 January 1995)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 17 January 1995 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 17 January 1995 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. President Mitterand at the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (17 January 1995)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1994 - 1997
    Name: Klaus Hänsch
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 1 January 1995 : Austria, Finland, Sweden join EU

     

    Description

    Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU bringing the number of member states to 15.

    Media gallery (1 January 1995)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 1995 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 1995 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Austria, Finland, Sweden enlargement  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 January 1995)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1994 - 1997
    Name: Klaus Hänsch
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Swedish
    • Finnish
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    15
     
  • 9-12 June 1994 : 1994 European elections

     

    Description

    European elections are held for the fourth time. A total of 567 members of the European Parliament from 12 countries are elected with the Socialists forming the largest group (35%) ahead of the centre-right EPP (28%).

    Media gallery (9-12 June 1994)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 9-12 June 1994 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 9-12 June 1994 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. European Elections 1994  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (9-12 June 1994)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1994 - 1997
    Name: Klaus Hänsch
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 1994

Number of MEPs:
567 MEPs
Composition
  •     GUE: Confederal Group of the European United Left 28MEPs
  •     PES: Group of the Party of European Socialists 198MEPs
  •     V: The Green Group in the European Parliament 23MEPs
  •     ARE: Group of the European Radical Alliance 19MEPs
  •     ELDR: Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party 44MEPs
  •     EPP-ED: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats 156MEPs
  •     FE: Forza Europa Group 27MEPs
  •     EDN: Europe of Nations Group (Coordination Group) 19MEPs
  •     RDE: Group of the European Democratic Alliance 26MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 27MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 74%
  •     Women 26%
   
 

3rd parliamentary term: July 1989 - June 1994

  • 1 November 1993 : Maastricht Treaty establishes European Union

     

    Description

    The Maastricht Treaty paves the way for the creation of the European Union and the euro. It introduces the codecision procedure giving Parliament an equal say with the Council in some areas of legislation and gives Parliament the power to approve the Commission as a whole.

    Media gallery (1 November 1993)   

    Media gallery

    Maastricht treaty signature cermony  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (1 November 1993)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1992 - 1994
    Name: Egon A. Klepsch
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 12 May 1992 : Queen Elizabeth II addresses the EP

     

    Description

    Queen Elizabeth II praises the contribution of the European Parliament to European democracy in a speech to MEPs in Strasbourg. The British monarch highlights the role of European integration in bringing reconciliation and reinforcing political and economic change throughout Europe.

    Media gallery (12 May 1992)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 12 May 1992 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 12 May 1992 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Queen Elizabeth II addresses the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (12 May 1992)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1992 - 1994
    Name: Egon A. Klepsch
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • June 1991 : Break-up of Yugoslavia

     

    Description

    Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia. Tensions between the nations that have been part of the collapsing federation lead to violent wars for much of the following decade despite peace-making efforts by Western powers.

    Media gallery (June 1991)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. June 1991 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. June 1991 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. June 1991 - Media 3 (photo) 
    4. June 1991 - Media 4 (video) 
    1. A Croatian woman looks through a big hole of a damaged house at the destroyed Drava bridge  © BELGA/AFP/A.KISBENEDEK
       
    2. An elderly inhabitant timidly looks around the bullet ridden door to this house 29 November 1991 in Vukovar.  © BELGA/AFP/V. AMALVY
       
    3. Barbara Zupanc, delegate of the Slovenian assembly, shows the cover of an extra edition of the newspaper "Delo" whose headline reads "Slovenia is indipendent".  © BELGA/AFP/R.RAJTIC
       
    4.  
    View description (June 1991)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • March - April 1991 : Parliament welcomes dissidents Havel, Wałęsa

     

    Description

    The European Parliament receives prominent anti-Communist dissidents and presidents of their countries Vaclav Havel (Czechoslovakia) and Lech Wałęsa (Poland) in a show of support for the European integration of Central and Eastern European countries.

    Media gallery (March - April 1991)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. March - April 1991 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. March - April 1991 - Media 2 (video) 
    3. March - April 1991 - Media 3 (photo) 
    4. March - April 1991 - Media 4 (video) 
    1. Vaclav Havel visits the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    3. Lech Wałęsa visits the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    4.  
    View description (March - April 1991)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 3 October 1990 : Reunification of Germany

     

    Description

    East Germany is reunified with the Federal Republic of Germany. Parliament welcomes 18 non-voting observers to represent the new German provinces until elections in 1994.

     
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 13 June 1990 : Nelson Mandela at the EP

     

    Description

    Former political prisoner and future president Nelson Mandela delivers a moving speech to the European Parliament about his efforts to transform South Africa into a united, democratic and non-racial country.

    Media gallery (13 June 1990)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 13 June 1990 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 13 June 1990 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Nelson Mandela at the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (13 June 1990)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 9 November 1989 : Fall of the Berlin Wall

     

    Description

    After weeks of civil unrest, the East German authorities open the crossing of the Berlin Wall in an act that symbolises the end of communist rule in Eastern Europe.

    Media gallery (9 November 1989)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 9 November 1989 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 9 November 1989 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 9 November 1989 - Media 3 (photo) 
    1. West Berliners crowd in front of the Berlin Wall as they watch East German border guards demolishing a section of the wall  © BELGA/AFP/G.MALIE
       
    2. West Berliners crowd in front of the Berlin Wall as they watch East German border guards demolishing a section of the wall  © BELGA/ANP
       
    3. Dismantled pieces of Berlin Wall  © BELGA/DPA/W.Kumm
       
    View description (9 November 1989)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 15-18 June 1989 : Third European Elections

     

    Description

    In the third elections for the European Parliament a total of 518 MEPs from 12 countries are elected. The Socialists get more seats than anyone else (about 35%).

    Media gallery (15-18 June 1989)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 15-18 June 1989 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 15-18 June 1989 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Election 1989, DE poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (15-18 June 1989)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1989 - 1992
    Name: Enrique Barõn Crespo
    Political group: PES
    -
    country: ES
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 1989

Number of MEPs:
518 MEPs
Composition
  •     GUE: Confederal Group of the European United Left 28MEPs
  •     CG: Left Unity 14MEPs
  •     PES: Group of the Party of European Socialists 180MEPs
  •     V: The Green Group in the European Parliament 30MEPs
  •     ARC: Rainbow Group in the European Parliament 13MEPs
  •     LDR: Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group 49MEPs
  •     EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian-Democratic Group) 121MEPs
  •     ED: European Democratic Group 34MEPs
  •     RDE: Group of the European Democratic Alliance 20MEPs
  •     DR: Technical Group of the European Right 17MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 12MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 81%
  •     Women 19%
   
 

2nd parliamentary term: July 1984 - June 1989

  • December 1988 : Parliament launches Sakharov Prize

     

    Description

    The Parliament establishes the annual Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to honour people and groups from all over the world fighting for human rights. South African anti-apartheid activist and future president Nelson Mandela and late Soviet dissident Anatoly Marchenko are the first laureates.

    Media gallery (December 1988)   

    Media gallery

    Sakharov poster  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (December 1988)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1987 - 1989
    Name: Lord Plumb
    Political group: ED
    -
    country: UK
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 11 October 1988 : Pope John Paul II visits EP

     

    Description

    Pope John Paul II makes a speech to MEPs in Strasbourg, voicing support for growing European integration.

    Media gallery (11 October 1988)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 11 October 1988 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 11 October 1988 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Pope John Paul II visits the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (11 October 1988)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1987 - 1989
    Name: Lord Plumb
    Political group: ED
    -
    country: UK
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 15 June 1988 : Dalai Lama calls for Tibet autonomy in EP speech

     

    Description

    The Dalai Lama visits the European Parliament and calls for the genuine autonomy of Tibet within the Chinese state. His speech becomes known as the Strasbourg Proposal and marks an important stage in the conflict between China and Tibet. The Dalai Lama is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

    Media gallery (15 June 1988)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 15 June 1988 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 15 June 1988 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. The Dalai Lama visits the EP  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (15 June 1988)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1987 - 1989
    Name: Lord Plumb
    Political group: ED
    -
    country: UK
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 1 July 1987 : Single European Act enters in force

     

    Description

    The Single European Act formulates the objective of creating a single market by removing barriers and harmonising standards. It introduces the cooperation and assent procedures that for the first time give the EP a real say on legislation, and makes the name "European Parliament" official.

    Media gallery (1 July 1987)   

    Media gallery

    Single European Act  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (1 July 1987)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1987 - 1989
    Name: Lord Plumb
    Political group: ED
    -
    country: UK
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 29 June 1987 : EP President addresses summit for the first time

     

    Description

    Lord Plumb becomes the first president of the European Parliament to attend a meeting of the leaders of member states. EP presidents have since been able to express the views of the House at the start of summits.

    Media gallery (29 June 1987)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. June 1987 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. June 1987 - Media 2 (video) 
    3. June 1987 - Media 3 (video) 
    View description (29 June 1987)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1987 - 1989
    Name: Lord Plumb
    Political group: ED
    -
    country: UK
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 1 January 1986 : Iberian enlargement

     

    Description

    Spain and Portugal join in the "Iberian enlargement".

    Media gallery (1 January 1986)   

    Media gallery

    Iberian enlargement: Spanish and Portuguese flags  © BELGA/ARCHIVES
     
    View description (1 January 1986)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1984 - 1987
    Name: Pierre Pflimlin
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Portuguese
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    12
     
  • 8 May 1985 : US President Reagan speaks to the EP

     

    Description

    US President Ronald Reagan provokes mixed reactions from MEPs with his address in Strasbourg that highlights the need to compete with and restrain the Soviet Union.

    Media gallery (8 May 1985)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 8 May 1985 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 8 May 1985 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Visit of Ronald Reagan, President of the United States  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (8 May 1985)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1984 - 1987
    Name: Pierre Pflimlin
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
  • 14-17 June 1984 : Second European elections

     

    Description

    European elections take place for the second time. Voters elect 434 members of the European Parliament from 10 countries. Socialists get about 30% of the seats and widen the gap with the centre-right EPP (25%).

    Media gallery (14-17 June 1984)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 14-17 June 1984 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 14-17 June 1984 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Election poster 1984, DE  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (14-17 June 1984)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1984 - 1987
    Name: Pierre Pflimlin
    Political group: EPP
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 1984

Number of MEPs:
434 MEPs
Composition
  •     COM: Communist and Allies Group 41MEPs
  •     S: Socialist Group 130MEPs
  •     ARC: Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green-Alternative European Links, Angelev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community and the European Free Alliance in the European Parliament 20MEPs
  •     L: Liberal and Democratic Group 31MEPs
  •     EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian-Democratic Group) 110MEPs
  •     ED: European Democratic Group 50MEPs
  •     RDE: Group of the European Democratic Alliance 29MEPs
  •     DR: Group of the European Right 16MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 7MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 82%
  •     Women 18%
   
 

1st parliamentary term: July 1979 - June 1984

  • 14 February 1984 : EP drafts treaty on European union

     

    Description

    The European Parliament adopts a draft treaty on European Union, authored by Italian MEP Altiero Spinelli. The federalist vision in the report inspires future talks on revisions to the founding treaties.

    Media gallery (14 February 1984)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 14 February 1984 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 14 February 1984 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Altiero Spinelli during the election  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (14 February 1984)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1982 - 1984
    Name: Piet Dankert
    Political group: S
    -
    country: NL
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
  • 16 December 1981 : President-in-office Margaret Thatcher in EP

     

    Description

    Margaret Thatcher becomes the first of the presidents in office of the European Council to appear in front of the European Parliament to give an account of the discussions among member state leaders.

    Media gallery (16 December 1981)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 16 December 1981 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 16 December 1981 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Visit of Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of UK  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (16 December 1981)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
  • 10 February 1981 : Anwar Sadat speaks to MEPs about peace

     

    Description

    Egyptian President Anwar Sadat speaks in front of the European Parliament about the Middle East peace process and the positive role that Europe could play in bringing about the mutual recognition of Israel and the Palestinians. In October 1981, Mr Sadat is assassinated at a military parade in Cairo.

    Media gallery (10 February 1981)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 10 February 1981 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 10 February 1981 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Visit of Anwar al-Sadat, President of Egypt, to the EP in Luxembourg  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (10 February 1981)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
  • 1 January 1981 : Greece joins

     

    Description

    Greece becomes the 10th member state of the European communities.

    Media gallery (1 January 1981)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 1981 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 1981 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Visit of the Greek President Konstantinos Karamanlis  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 January 1981)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Greek
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    10
     
  • 13 December 1979 : Parliament rejects budget

     

    Description

    The newly-elected Parliament uses its recently acquired rights to reject the 1980 Community budget.

    Media gallery (13 December 1979)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 13 December 1979 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 13 December 1979 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Vote on the Budget 1979 (1)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Vote on the Budget 1979 (2)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (13 December 1979)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 17 July 1979 : Simone Veil: first president of elected Parliament

     

    Description

    Simone Veil, former French health minister and survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp, becomes the first president of the elected Parliament, and the first woman to hold the post. Find out more about all the EP presidents in our special section at the end of the page.

    Media gallery (17 July 1979)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 17 July 1979 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 17 July 1979 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 17 July 1979 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. Simone Veil: first president of elected Parliament  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. Simone Veil is voting in the first direct European Elections  © BELGA/AFP/P.GUILLAUD
       
    3.  
    View description (17 July 1979)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 7-10 June 1979 : First direct European elections

     

    Description

    The first direct elections for the European Parliament are held, the first international elections in history. A total of 410 members are elected across 9 countries. Socialists come out slightly ahead of the centre-right EPP but none of the groups has an absolute majority in what will become a permanent feature of European elections.

    Media gallery (7-10 June 1979)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 7-10 June 1979 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 7-10 June 1979 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. 7-10 June 1979 - Media 3 (photo) 
    4. 7-10 June 1979 - Media 4 (video) 
    1. First direct European elections, Lux poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. First direct European elections, IT poster  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    3. Entrance of a polling station  © BELGA
       
    4.  
    View description (7-10 June 1979)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1979 - 1982
    Name: Simone Veil
    Political group: L
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
Mode selector : graph
View all data  

Elections 1979

Number of MEPs:
410 MEPs
Composition
  •     COM: Communist and Allies Group 44MEPs
  •     S: Socialist Group 112MEPs
  •     CDI: Group for the Technical Coordination and Defence of Indipendent Groups and Members 11MEPs
  •     L: Liberal and Democratic Group 40MEPs
  •     EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian-Democratic Group) 108MEPs
  •     ED: European Democratic Group 63MEPs
  •     DEP: Group of European Progressive Democrats 22MEPs
  •     NI: Non-attached 10MEPs
   
Gender balance
  •     Men 84%
  •     Women 16%
   
 

Before the first parliamentary term: 1944 - June 1979

  • 6 December 1978 : Democracy in Spain

     

    Description

    A referendum in Spain overwhelmingly supports a new constitution setting the country on the path towards democracy.

    Media gallery (6 December 1978)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 6 December 1978 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 6 December 1978 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Juan Carlos I of Spain, Spanish Constitution  © BELGA/EFE/PPA/Unimedia
       
    2. Picture of the Spanish Constitution  Wiki Common CC
       
    View description (6 December 1978)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1977 - 1979
    Name: Emilio Colombo
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: IT
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 1 June 1977 : More budgetary powers

     

    Description

    A second budgetary treaty signed in 1975 amends the budgetary procedure and extends the powers of the Parliament. It now gets the right to reject the Community budget and to grant discharge, ie approval, to the Commission for its management of the budget.

    Media gallery (1 June 1977)   

    Media gallery

    Second budgetary treaty  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (1 June 1977)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1977 - 1979
    Name: Emilio Colombo
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: IT
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 10 July 1975 : Parliament calls for Charter of rights

     

    Description

    The Parliament calls in a resolution for the establishment of a Charter of the rights of the peoples of the European Community. This gives the impetus for the future Charter of fundamental rights of the EU.

    Media gallery (10 July 1975)   

    Media gallery

    Parliament calls for Charter of rights  © European Union - European Parliament
     
    View description (10 July 1975)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1975 - 1977
    Name: Georges Spénale
    Political group: SOC
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 14 January 1975 : Parliament report on direct European elections

     

    Description

    The European Parliament adopts a report on the organisation of direct European elections. The document, which becomes known as the Patijn Report after Dutch MEP Schelto Patijn, who drafted it, serves as the basis for the subsequent agreement among Member States to stage the first European elections in 1979.

    Media gallery (14 January 1975)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 14 January 1975 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 14 January 1975 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Agreement on the direct election of the European Parliament (Georges Spenale, Schelto Patijn, Hans Nord)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (14 January 1975)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1973 - 1975
    Name: Cornelis Berkhouwer
    Political group: LIB
    -
    country: NL
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 24 July 1974 : Fall of the dictatorship in Greece

     

    Description

    The military rule in Athens collapses and Greece returns to free elections and parliamentary democracy. The new government announces joining the European Communities as one of its priorities.

    Media gallery (24 July 1974)   

    Media gallery

    Former Greece Prime Minister Georgios Papadopoulos and the members of his military junta face the court  © BELGA/AFP
     
    View description (24 July 1974)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1973 - 1975
    Name: Cornelis Berkhouwer
    Political group: LIB
    -
    country: NL
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 25 April 1974 : End of dictatorship in Portugal

     

    Description

    The Carnation revolution brings down the authoritarian regime in Portugal and paves the way to democratic changes and accession to the European Communities.

    Media gallery (25 April 1974)   

    Media gallery

    Civilians and soldiers celebrating in Lisbon  © BELGA/AFP
     
    View description (25 April 1974)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1973 - 1975
    Name: Cornelis Berkhouwer
    Political group: LIB
    -
    country: NL
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 1 January 1973 : First enlargement

     

    Description

    Denmark, Ireland and the UK become the first countries to join the European communities; more will follow in the years to come.

    Media gallery (1 January 1973)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 1973 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 1973 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. First enlargment with the membership of the UK, Denmark and Ireland.  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 January 1973)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1971 - 1973
    Name: Walter Behrendt
    Political group: SOC
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • English
    • Danish
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    9
     
  • 1 January 1971 : Treaty of Luxembourg

     

    Description

    The Treaty of Luxembourg introduces a system of own resources that replaces national budgetary contributions. The European Parliament gets some say on the allocation of funds in the Community budget.

    Media gallery (1 January 1971)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 1 January 1971 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 1 January 1971 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Luxembourg treaty  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (1 January 1971)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1969 - 1971
    Name: Mario Scelba
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: IT
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • August 1968 : Prague Spring

     

    Description

    Attempts at political reform in Czechoslovakia, introduced in early 1968, are crushed after a military intervention from most Warsaw pact countries.

    Media gallery (August 1968)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. August 1968 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. August 1968 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Czechoslovakian youth holds a bloodstained flag   © BELGA/Topfoto
       
    2. Czechoslovakians demonstrate  © BELGA/Topfoto
       
    View description (August 1968)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1966 - 1969
    Name: Alain Poher
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • March 1962 : European Parliament: a new name

     

    Description

    The parliamentary assembly starts calling itself the European Parliament, a name officially sanctioned only in 1987.

    Media gallery (March 1962)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. March 1962 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. March 1962 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. European Parliamentary Assembly changes its name into "European Parliament" in March 1962  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2. EP in Luxembourg  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (March 1962)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1962 - 1964
    Name: Gaetano Martino
    Political group: LIB
    -
    country: IT
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • August 1961 : The Berlin Wall: Europe divided

     

    Description

    The Berlin Wall is built. Over the years it becomes a symbol of the separation of the Soviet-dominated bloc to the east from the rest of the continent.

    Media gallery (August 1961)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. August 1961 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. August 1961 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin  © BELGA/DPA
       
    2. The Berlin Wall: Europe divided  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    View description (August 1961)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1960 - 1962
    Name: Hans Furler
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • 19 March 1958 : European Parliament is born

     

    Description

    The first meeting of the Common assembly of the three communities is held in Strasbourg, France. Members are not organised in national delegations but along political lines. Robert Schuman becomes the first president of the institution known as the European Parliamentary Assembly.

    Media gallery (19 March 1958)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 19 March 1958 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 19 March 1958 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Robert Schuman arriving at the Constitutive session of the new European Parliamentary Assembly  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (19 March 1958)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1958 - 1960
    Name: Robert Schuman
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: FR
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • 25 March 1957 : Treaty of Rome signed

     

    Description

    The Treaty of Rome establishes a European Economic Community with the aim of building a customs union among member states, and a European Atomic Energy Community to promote cooperation in the nuclear field.

    Media gallery (25 March 1957)   

    Media gallery

    Treaty of Rome signed  © European Union - European Parliament
     
     
    View description (25 March 1957)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1956 - 1958
    Name: Hans Furler
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • 4 November 1956 : Soviet troops quash Hungarian uprising

     

    Description

    An uprising in Hungary in late October against the country's Communist government prompts an invasion of Soviet forces that suppresses all opposition to Communist rule.

    Media gallery (4 November 1956)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 4 November 1956 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 4 November 1956 - Media 2 (photo) 
    1. Entry of Soviet troop into Budapest  © BELGA/AKG/E_Lessing
       
    2. Street battles between insurgents and the Red Army  © BELGA/AKG/ullstein_bild/ImageGlobe
       
    View description (4 November 1956)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1956 - 1958
    Name: Hans Furler
    Political group: CD
    -
    country: DE
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • 23 July 1952 : Treaty of Paris comes into force

     

    Description

    The Treaty of Paris establishes the European Coal and Steel Community, which aims to build a common market for coal and steel to avoid future conflicts over these valuable resources. The ECSC is a precursor of later European organisations. The founding members of the Community are Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany. A Common assembly of "representatives of the people" is established under the treaty.

    Media gallery (23 July 1952)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 23 July 1952 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 23 July 1952 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Treaty of Paris (Paul van Zeeland (B), Joseph Bech (L), Joseph Meurice (B), le comte Carlo Sforza (I), Robert Schuman (F), Konrad Adenauer (RFA), Dirk Stikke)  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (23 July 1952)    
     
    President
     
    President in: 1952 - 1954
    Name: Paul-Henri Spaak
    Political group: SOC
    -
    country: BE
    Languages
    • Italian
    • German
    • Dutch
    • French
     
    Countries:
    6
     
  • 9 May 1950 : Schuman Declaration

     

    Description

    French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposes a plan to transform Europe through a step-by-step process with the aim to make future war in Europe impossible and lead to the unification of the continent.

    Media gallery (9 May 1950)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 9 May 1950 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 9 May 1950 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Schuman Declaration  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (9 May 1950)    
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  • 19 September 1946 : "United States of Europe"

     

    Description

    Britain’s Winston Churchill is one of the most prominent European leaders calling for European integration. In a speech in Zurich in September 1946 he says "We must build a kind of United States of Europe" and he repeats that in The Hague in May 1948.

    Media gallery (19 September 1946)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. 19 September 1946 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. 19 September 1946 - Media 2 (video) 
    1. Wiston Churchill  © European Union - European Parliament
       
    2.  
    View description (19 September 1946)    
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  • May 1945 : World War II ends

     

    Description

    World War II ends leaving tens of millions of people dead or homeless and Europe’s economies in ruins.

    Media gallery (May 1945)   

    Media gallery

     Menu gallery
    1. May 1945 - Media 1 (photo) 
    2. May 1945 - Media 2 (photo) 
    3. May 1945 - Media 3 (video) 
    1. Liberation of Paris  © BELGA/AKG/ImageGlobe
       
    2. German soldiers after their surrender  © BELGA/AKG/ImageGlobe
       
    3.  
    View description (May 1945)    
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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All datas

Composition

  •   1979 :  410 MEPs    
  •   1984 :  434 MEPs    
  •   1989 :  518 MEPs    
  •   1994 :  567 MEPs    
  •   1999 :  626 MEPs    
  •   2004 :  732 MEPs    
  •   2009 :  736 MEPs    
  •   2014 :  751 MEPs    
 
                       

Gender balance

  •   1979 - 1984 : Men:  84 %   Women:  16 %    
  •   1984 - 1989 : Men:  82 %   Women:  18 %    
  •   1989 - 1994 : Men:  81 %   Women:  19 %    
  •   1994 - 1999 : Men:  74 %   Women:  26 %    
  •   1999 - 2004 : Men:  70 %   Women:  30 %    
  •   2004 - 2009 : Men:  69 %   Women:  31 %    
  •   2009 - 2014 : Men:  65 %   Women:  35 %    
  •   2014 - 2019 : Men:  63 %   Women:  37 %    
 
                       
 

Presidents

Presidents of the Common Assembly
  • 1952 - 1954
    Paul-Henri Spaak (SOC) - Belgium
  • 1954
    Alcide de Gasperi (CD) - Italy
  • 1954 - 1956
    Giuseppe Pella (CD) - Italy
  • 1956 - 1958
    Hans Furler (CD) - Germany
Presidents of the Parliamentary Assembly
  • 1958 - 1960
    Robert Schuman (CD) - France
  • 1960 - 1962
    Hans Furler (CD) - Germany
Presidents of the appointed Parliament
  • 1962 - 1964
    Gaetano Martino (LIB) - Italy
  • 1964 - 1965
    Jean Duvieusart (CD) - Belgium
  • 1965 - 1966
    Victor Leemans (CD) - Belgium
  • 1966 - 1969
    Alain Poher (CD) - France
  • 1969 - 1971
    Mario Scelba (CD) - Italy
  • 1971 - 1973
    Walter Behrendt (SOC) - Germany
  • 1973 - 1975
    Cornelis Berkhouwer (LIB) - Netherlands
  • 1975 - 1977
    Georges Spénale (SOC) - France
  • 1977 - 1979
    Emilio Colombo (CD) - Italy
Presidents of European Parliament
  • 1979 - 1982
    Simone Veil (L) - France
  • 1982 - 1984
    Piet Dankert (S) - Netherlands
  • 1984 - 1987
    Pierre Pflimlin (EPP) - France
  • 1987 - 1989
    Lord Plumb (ED) - United Kingdom
  • 1989 - 1992
    Enrique Barõn Crespo (PES) - Spain
  • 1992 - 1994
    Egon A. Klepsch (EPP) - Germany
  • 1994 - 1997
    Klaus Hänsch (PES) - Germany
  • 1997 - 1999
    José Maria Gil-Robles (PES) - Spain
  • 1999 - 2002
    Nicole Fontaine (EPP-ED) - France
  • 2002 - 2004
    Pat Cox (ELDR) - Irland
  • 2004 - 2007
    Josep Borrell Fontelles (PES) - Spain
  • 2007 - 2009
    Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP-ED) - Germany
  • 2009 - 2012
    Jerzy Buzek (EPP) Poland
  • 2012 - Present
    Martin Schulz (S&D) - Germany
 

Languages

  • 1958
    French, Dutch, German, Italian
  • 1973
    Danish, English
  • 1981
    Greek
  • 1986
    Spanish, Portuguese
  • 1995
    Finnish, Swedish
  • 2004
    Czech, Estonian, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Slovakian, Slovenian
  • 2007
    Irish, Bulgarian, Romanian
  • 2013
    Croatian
 

Treaties

  • Treaty of Paris (1952)
    consultative common assembly
  • Treaty of Rome (1958)
    consultative parliamentary assembly
  • Treaty of Luxembourg (1971)
    budget powers
  • Treaty of Brussels (1977)
    More budget powers
  • Single European Act (1987)
    Cooperation, assent
  • Maastricht Treaty (1993)
    Legislative powers - Codecision procedure, cooperation procedure extended
    Supervisory - EP approves whole Commission, appoints Ombudsman"
  • Amsterdam Treaty (1999)
    Codecision broadened, EP approves EC President
  • Nice Treaty (2003)
    (Codecision extended) MEPs 732
  • Lisbon Treaty (2009)
    OLP, Much more powers, Last say on budget, consent on IA, MEPs 751
 

Countries

  • 1958
    Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, France, West Germany, Italy
  • 1973
    Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom
  • 1981
    Greece
  • 1986
    Spain, Portugal
  • 1995
    Austria, Finland, Sweden
  • 2004
    Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia
  • 2007
    Bulgaria, Romania
  • 2013
    Croatia
 
 
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