European Parliament

Terrorism : How Parliament is addressing the threat

Titre

  • 151people have died due to terrorist attacks in the EU in 2015
  • An estimated 5,000 Europeans have joined terrorist organisations in Iraq and Syria
  • 1,077 people arrested for terrorism-related offenses in 2015, mainly:
    • France : 424
    • Spain : 187
    • UK : 134
    63% of them were EU citizens

Eurobarometer poll

Commissioned by the European Parliament (April 2016)

82% of Europeans want the EU to do more to fight terrorism

40% think the risk of an attack is high in their country

 

Measures adopted

(Since January 2015)

May 2015

Money laundering

  • Tougher rules to make it easier to trace transfers of funds and sources of wealth
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November 2015

Radicalisation and recruitment

  • MEPs call for a new EU strategy to tackle extremism.

    Among others they propose segregating radicalised inmates in prisons and deleting online content spreading violent extremism

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December 2015

Arms exports

  • Parliament recommends introducing checks and penalties and boosting transparency
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January 2016

Mutual defence clause

  • Members ask the EU’s foreign policy chief for guidelines to facilitate implementation in the future
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April 2016

Budgetary support

  • MEPs approve €2 million to hire new staff for Europol’s European Counter Terrorism Centre
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April 2016

Foreign and security policy

  • Parliament adopts its position on the upcoming EU global strategy, stressing that the EU must step up its defence capabilities
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April 2016

Passenger Name Records (PNR)

  • Airlines have to provide member states with information on their passengers on flights to and from the EU
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April 2016

Data transfers for policing and judicial purposes

  • Facilitating cross-border cooperation between police forces and prosecutors.

    Ensuring that the data of victims, witnesses and suspects are protected

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May 2016

Europol

  • Europol can set up specialised units more easily and exchange information with private companies
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May 2016

Virtual currencies

  • Parliament calls for a watchdog to prevent virtual currencies such Bitcoin from being used for terrorist purposes
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July 2016

Cybersecurity

  • Firms supplying essential services have to improve their capacity to resist online threats
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December 2016

EU budget 2017

  • Increasing EU funding to fight terrorism
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February 2017

Planning of terrorist attacks

  • Financing terrorist activities, training for them or travelling abroad in order to take part in them are made a crime in the whole of the EU
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February 2017

Mandatory checks at external borders

  • All EU citizens and third country nationals entering or leaving the EU will be checked against databases
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