Art. 286 TEC
Directive 95/46/EC
Directive 97/66/EC
Directive 99/93/EC
Legislative procedures
Council Resolution 17/01/95

EP-Council Regulation

Council of Europe

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Tuesday, 22 February 2000  -  Wednesday, 23 February 2000

Hearing: "The European Union and data protection"


Legal framework: European legislation



Up.gif (187 bytes)art. 286 TEC
Up.gif (187 bytes)Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal and on the free movement of such data .
Up.gif (187 bytes)Status of implementation of Directive 95/46/EC
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  Directive 97/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council   concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the telecommunications sector.

NATIONAL PROVISIONS COMMUNICATED BY THE MEMBER STATES CONCERNING:
Directive 97/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 1997 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the telecommunications sector
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
Greece
Spain
France
Ireland
Italy
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Austria
Portugal
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

Belgium:
- 01 . Communication de l'Institut belge des services postaux et des télécommunications - Indentification d'appels téléphoniques entrants par affichage du numéro de l'appelant - Meldeling door het Belgisch Instituut voor postdiensten en telecommunicatie - Identificatie van inkomende telefoonoproepen door presentatie van het nummer van de oproeder, Moniteur belge du 19/06/1998 p. 2015
Germany:
- 01 . Verordnung über den Datenschutz für Unternehmen, die Telekommunikationsdienstleistungen erbringen (Telekommunikationsdienstunternehmen-Datenschutzverordnung - TDSV) vom 12/07/1996, Bundesgesetzblatt Teil I vom 18/07/1996 Seite 982
Greece:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
Spain:
- 01 . Ley número 11/98 de 24/04/1998, General de Telecomunicaciones, Boletín Oficial del Estado de 25/04/1998
- 02 . Real Decreto 1736/1998, de 31 de julio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento por le que se desarrolla el Título III de la Ley General de Telecomunicaciones en lo relativo al servicio universal de telecomunicaciones, a las demás obligaciones de servicio público y a las obligaciones de servicio público en la prestación de los servicios y en la explotación de las redes de telecomunicaciones, Boletín Oficial del Estado número 213 de 5 de septiembre de 1998 Página 30230 (Marginal 20930)
France:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
Ireland:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
Italy:
- 01 . Decreto legislativo disposizioni in materia di tutela della vita privata nel settore delle telecomunicazioni, in attuazione della direttiva 97/66/CE del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, ed in tema di attività giornalistica del 13/05/1998 n. 171, Gazzetta Ufficiale - Serie generale - del 03/06/1998 n. 127 pag. 12
- 02 . Legge del 06/10/1998 n. 344, differimento del termine per l'esercizio della delega prevista dalla legge 31 dicembre 1996, n. 676, in materia di trattamento dei dati personali, Gazzetta Ufficiale - Serie generale - del 08/10/1998 n. 235 pag. 4
Luxembourg:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
Netherlands:
- 01 . Wet van 19/10/1998, houdende regels inzake de telecommunicatie (Telecommunicatiewet), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 610
- 02 .Koninklijk Besluit van 26/11/1998, houdende vaststelling van de datum van gedeeltelijke inwerkingtreding van de Telecommunicatiewet alsmede van de datum van inwerkingtreding van daarop gebaseerde algemene maatregelen van bestuur en vaststelling van de datum van gedeeltelijke intrekking van de Wet op de telecommunicatievoorzieningen en van de Vergunningenwet kabelgebonden telecommunicatie-infrastructuur, Staatsblad 1998, nr. 664
- 03 . Koninklijk Besluit van 10/11/1998, houdende regels ter uitvoering van de artikelen 7.1, 7.7 en 16.1 van de Telecommunicatiewet (Besluit ONP-geschillenbeslechting), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 634
- 04 . Koninklijk Besluit van 10/11/1998, houdende vaststelling regels ter uitvoering van artikel 4.10 van de Telecommunicatiewet betreffende nummerportabiliteit (Besluit nummerportabiliteit), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 635
- 05 . Koninklijk Besluit van 10/11/1998, houdende regels met betrekking tot universele dienstverlening (Besluit universele dienstverlening), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 637
- 06 . Koninklijk Besluit van 10/11/1998, houdende regels betreffende toewijzing en gebruik van frequentieruimte (Frequentiebesluit), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 638
- 07 . Koninklijk Besluit van 10/11/1998, houdende regels ter uitvoering van de artikelen 6.9, vijfde lid, 7.1 en 7.5 van de Telecommunicatiewet (Besluit ONP huurlijnen en telefonie), Staatsblad 1998, nr. 639
- 08 . Besluit van de Minister van Binnenlandse Zaken en Kroninkrijksrelaties, in overeenstemming met de Staatssecretaris van Verkeer en Waterstaat van 10/11/1998 betreffende de "Telecommunicatiewet" (Besluit 1-1-2 alarmcentrales), Staatscourant 1998, nr. 235, bl. 5
- 09 . Regeling van de Staatssecretaris van Verkeer en Waterstaat van 25/11/1997 (Regeling nummeridentificatie), Staatscourant 1998, nr. 230, bl. 10
- 10 . Regeling van de Staatssecretaris van Verkeer en Waterstaat van 25/11/1998, houdende regels omtrent de aanvraag van een vergunning en de aanwijzing van categorieën radiozendapparaten, bedoeld in artikel 3.4, eerste lid, onder a, van de Telecommunicatiewet (Regeling aanvraag en toelating vergunningen op volgorde van binnenkomst of bij wijze van voorrang), Staatscourant 1998, nr. 230, bl. 8
- 11 . Regeling van de Staatssecretaris van Verkeer en Waterstaat van 25/11/1998 (Regeling tarieven universele dienstverlening), Staatscourant 1998, nr. 230, bl. 9
Austria:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
Portugal:
- 01 . Lei n.° 69/98 de 28/10/1998. Regula o tratamento dos dados pessoais e a protecção da privacidade no sector das telecomunicações (transpõe a Directiva n.° 97/66/CE, do Parlamento Europeu e do Conselho, de 15 de Dezembro de 1997), Diário da República I Série A n.° 249 de 28/10/1998 Página 5572
Finland:
- 01 . Laki Suomen Hallitusmuodon muuttamisesta/Lag om ändring av Tegeringsformen för Finland (969/95) 17/07/1995, Suomen säädöskokoelma 21/07/1995
- 02 . Laki rikoslain muuttamisesta/Lag om ändring av strafflagen (578/95) 21/04/1995
- 03 . Telemarkkinalaki (396/97)
Sweden:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE
United Kingdom:
NO REFERENCE AVAILABLE

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Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 on a Community framework for electronic signatures

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Legislative procedures


Procedure COD/1990/0288 Processing of personnal data and protection of privacy in the telecommunications sector, ISDN
Procedure CNS/1999/0906 Police cooperation: lawful interception of telecommunications in relation to new technologies
Procedure COD/1999/0153
Protection of personal data: application by the Community institutions of the directive 95/46/EC
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Council Resolution of 17 January 1995 on the lawful interception of telecommunications
Official Journal C 329 , 04/11/1996 p. 0001 - 0006

COUNCIL RESOLUTION of 17 January 1995 on the lawful interception of telecommunications (96/C 329/01)
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Union, and in particular to Articles K.1 (9) and K.2 (2) thereof,
Reaffirming the need, when implementing telecommunications interception measures, to observe the right of individuals to respect for their privacy as enshrined in the territorially applicable national law,
Aware of the fact that observing that right comes up against specific legal and technical difficulties in view of technological developments,
Determined to identify and overcome these difficulties in implementing the requirements set out in the Annex while observing human rights and the principles of data protection,
Whereas in the laws of the Member States possibilities are provided for restricting the secrecy of communications and, under certain circumstances, intercepting telecommunications;
Whereas the legally authorized interception of telecommunications is an important tool for the protection of national interest, in particular national security and the investigation of serious crime;
Whereas interception may only be effected insofar as the necessary technical provisions have been made;
Whereas in accordance with a decision by the Trevi Ministers in December 1991 a study should be made of the effects of legal, technical and market developments within the telecommunications sector on the different interception possibilities and of what action should be taken to counter the problems that have become apparent,

HAS ADOPTED THIS RESOLUTION:
1. The Council notes that the requirements of Member States to enable them to conduct the lawful interception of telecommunications, annexed to this Resolution ('the Requirements`), constitute an important summary of the needs of the competent authorities for the technical implementation of legally authorized interception in modern telecommunications systems.
2. The Council considers that the aforementioned Requirements should be taken into account in the definition and implementation of measures which may affect the legally authorized interception of telecommunications and requests Member States to call upon the Ministers responsible for telecommunications to support this view and to cooperate with the Ministers responsible for Justice and Home Affairs with the aim of implementing the Requirements in relation to network operators and service providers.

ANNEX

REQUIREMENTS
This section presents the Requirements of law enforcement agencies relating to the lawful interception of telecommunications. These requirements are subject to national law and should be interpreted in accordance with applicable national policies.
Terms are defined in the attached glossary.
1. Law enforcement agencies require access to the entire telecommunications transmitted, or caused to be transmitted, to and from the number or other identifier of the target service used by the interception subject. Law enforcement agencies also require access to the call-associated data that are generated to process the call.
1.1. Law enforcement agencies require access to all interception subjects operating temporarily or permanently within a telecommunications system.
1.2. Law enforcement agencies require access in cases where the interception subject may be using features to divert calls to other telecommunications services or terminal equipment, including calls that traverse more than one network or are processed by more than one network operator/service provider before completing.
1.3. Law enforcement agencies require that the telecommunications to and from a target service be provided to the exclusion of any telecommunications that do not fall within the scope of the interception authorization.
1.4. Law enforcement agencies require access to call associated data such as:
1.4.1. signalling of access ready status;
1.4.2. called party number for outgoing connections even if there is no successful connection established;
1.4.3. calling party number for incoming connections even if there is no successful connection established;
1.4.4. all signals emitted by the target, including post-connection dialled signals emitted to activate features such as conference calling and call transfer;
1.4.5. beginning, end and duration of the connection;
1.4.6. actual destination and intermediate directory numbers if call has been diverted.
1.5. Law enforcement agencies require information on the most accurate geographical location known to the network for mobile subscribers.
1.6. Law enforcement agencies require data on the specific services used by the interception subject and the technical parameters for those types of communication.
2. Law enforcement agencies require a real-time, fulltime monitoring capability for the interception of telecommunications. Call associated data should also be provided in real-time. If call associated data cannot be made available in real time, law enforcement agencies require the data to be available as soon as possible upon call termination.
3. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to provide one or several interfaces from which the intercepted communications can be transmitted to the law enforcement monitoring facility. These interfaces have to be commonly agreed on by the interception authorities and the network operators/service providers. Other issues associated with these interfaces will be handled according to accepted practices in individual countries.
3.1. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to provide call associated data and call content from the target service in a way that allows for the accurate correlation of call associated data with call content.
3.2. Law enforcement agencies require that the format for transmitting the intercepted communications to the monitoring facility be a generally available format. This format will be agreed upon on an individual country basis.
3.3. If network operators/service providers initiate encoding, compression or encryption of telecommunications traffic, law enforcement agencies require the network operators/service providers to provide intercepted communications en clair.
3.4. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to be able to transmit the intercepted communications to the law enforcement monitoring facility via fixed or switched connections.
3.5. Law enforcement agencies require that the transmission of the intercepted communications to the monitoring facility meet applicable security requirements.
4. Law enforcement agencies require interceptions to be implemented so that neither the interception target nor any other unauthorized person is aware of any changes made to fulfil the interception order. In particular, the operation of the target service must appear unchanged to the interception subject.
5. Law enforcement agencies require the interception to be designed and implemented to preclude unauthorized or improper use and to safeguard the information related to the interception.
5.1. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to protect information on which and how many interceptions are being or have been performed, and not disclose information on how interceptions are carried out.
5.2. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to ensure that intercepted communications are only transmitted to the monitoring agency specified in the interception authorization.
5.3. According to national regulations, network operators/service providers could be obliged to maintain an adequately protected record of activations of interceptions.
6. Based on a lawful inquiry and before implementation of the interception, law enforcement agencies require: (1) the interception subject's identity, service number or other distinctive identifier; (2) information on the services and features of the telecommunications system used by the interception subject and delivered by network operators/service providers; and (3) information on the technical parameters of the transmission to the law enforcement monitoring facility.
7. During the interception, law enforcement agencies may require information and/or assistance from the network operators/service providers to ensure that the communications acquired at the interception interface are those communications associated with the target service. The type of information and/or assistance required will vary according to the accepted practices in individual countries.
8. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to make provisions for implementing a number of simultaneous intercepts. Multiple interceptions may be required for a single target service to allow monitoring by more than one law enforcement agency. In this case, network operators/service providers should take precautions to safeguard the identities of the monitoring agencies and ensure the confidentiality of the investigations. The maximum number of simultaneous interceptions for a given subscriber population will be in accordance with national requirements.
9. Law enforcement agencies require network operators/service providers to implement interceptions as quickly as possible (in urgent cases within a few hours or minutes). The response requirements of law enforcement agencies will vary by country and by the type of target service to be intercepted.
10. For the duration of the interception, law enforcement agencies require that the reliability of the services supporting the interception at least equals the reliability of the target services provided to the interception subject. Law enforcement agencies require the quality of service of the intercepted transmissions forwarded to the monitoring facility to comply with the performance standards of the network operators/service providers.

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Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the institutions and bodies of the Community and on the free movement of such data (COM(1999)337 final)

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Council of Europe : Convention 108 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data

    
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© European Parliament 2000